James A. Clapp, Ph.D. is Emeritus Professor of City Planning and Urban Affairs at San Diego State University. He led educational tours to Europe, the Middle East and Asia for twenty-seven years, during which he has visited over seventy countries and lived and taught in London, Paris and Hong Kong and lectured at several universities in Beijing and Shanghai and compiled information for this book. He has twice been an invited professor at the University of Paris and was a Fulbright Scholar in Hong Kong in 2000. He also writes fiction under the pseudonym Sebastian Gerard and posts essays on travel, cities, politics and media on his website, Dragon City Journal. His most recent fiction book, Stumbling Blocks and Stepping Stones: A Novel of Coming of Age Catholic was published by UrbisMedia in 2015. The City, his survey of literature and the city, was published by Transaction in 2014. More information on his publications is available at urbismedia-ltd.com.