The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., (1929 - 1968), Nobel Peace Prize laureate and architect of the nonviolent civil rights movement, was among the twentieth century's most influential figures. One of the greatest orators in U.S. history, his speeches, sermons, and writings are inspirational and timeless. Dr. King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennsessee, on April 4, 1968. Coretta Scott King (1927 - 2006), the wife of Martin Luther King, Jr., was an American author and human rights activist. Clayborne Carson is the general editorial advisor to the King Legacy; he is the founding director of the King Research and Education Institute at Stanford University.