Presently a senior scholar at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, Jose Barreiro is a novelist, essayist, and an activist of nearly four decades on American Indigenous hemispheric themes. In 1974, Barreiro was enlisted by John Mohawk to help produce the national Native newspaper Akwesasne Notes, published by the traditional Mohawk Nation. For ten years, they served as joint coordinators on numerous Indigenous human rights and community building campaigns. As editor of Cornell University's Akwe:kon Press from 1984 to 2002, and later as senior editor of Indian Country Today, Barreiro published dozens of Mohawk's essays and columns. Barreiro is a member of the Taino Nation of the Antilles.