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The Theory of Open Quantum Systems
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This book treats the central physical concepts and mathematical techniques used to investigate the dynamics of open quantum systems. To provide a self-contained presentation the text begins with a survey of classical probability theory and with an introduction into the foundations of quantum
mechanics with particular emphasis on its statistical interpretation. The fundamentals of density matrix theory, quantum Markov processes and dynamical semigroups are developed. The most important master equations used in quantum optics and in the theory of quantum Brownian motion are applied to the
study of many examples. Special attention is paid to the theory of environment induced decoherence, its role in the dynamical description of the measurement process and to the experimental observation of decohering Schrodinger cat states. The book includes the modern formulation of open quantum
systems in terms of stochastic process in Hilbert space. Stochastic wave function methods and Monte Carlo algorithms are designed and applied to important examples from quantum optics and atomic physics, such as Levy statistics in the laser cooling of atoms, and the damped Jaynes-Cummings model. The
basic features of the non-Markovian quantum behavior of open systems are examined on the basis of projection operator techniques. In addition, the book expounds the relativistic theory of quantum measurements and discusses several examples from unified perspective, e.g. non-local measurements and
quantum teleportation. Influence functional and super-operator techniques are employed to study the density matrix theory in quantum electrodynamics and applications to thedestruction of quantum coherence are presented. The text addressees graduate students and lecturers in physics and applied
mathematics, as well as researchers with interests in fundamental questions in quantum mechanics and its applications. Many analytical methods and computer simulation techniques are developed and illustrated with the help of numerous specific examples. Only a basic understanding of quantum mechanics
and of elementary concepts of probability theory is assumed.
Product Details

Table of Contents

PREFACE; ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS; PART 1: PROBABILITY IN CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM PHYSICS; PART 2: DENSITY MATRIX THEORY; PART 3: STOCHASTIC PROCESSES IN HILBERT SPACE; PART 4: NON-MARKOVIAN QUANTUM PROCESSES; PART 5: RELATIVISTIC QUANTUM PROCESSES

About the Author

PD Dr. Heinz-Peter Breuer, Physikalisches Institut, Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, Freiburg, Germany. Professor Francesco Petruccione, School of Pure and Applied Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Reviews

'This book covers a large set of topics, normally not covered in standard physics curricula ... I recommend this book to physicists interested in widening their horizons in the directions covered by the book ... I do not know of any other source providing such a systematic and well written introduction into this area of research.' * Mathematical Reviews * ...very clearly written and essentially self-contained... not only a very good and thorough introduction to the subject, but also a precious reference for researchers. * Foundations of Physics * Review from previous edition ...a carefully-researched, thorough and well-presented text. * Contemporary Physics *

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