Note: Each chapter includes Case Conceptualization: An Example, Key Terms, a Chapter Review, and References. 1. Effective Ingredients of Counseling and Psychotherapy What Do You Bring to Therapy? Common Factors in Psychotherapy and Counseling Three Shared Components Contributions to a Good Outcome The Common Factors Emphasis Versus the Empirically Supported Therapies Movement 2. Theory and Case Analysis Beyond Trial and Error How Theory Connects with Case Conceptualization The Theory of Personal Constructs Kelly's Character Sketch Technique Eight Practical Aids for Case Conceptualization Tailor Your Approach to Clients' Ages Diagnosis, the DSM-IV-TR, and Theory Observation and Inference in Case Analysis Exploring Theory and Case Conceptualization 3. Ethics in Psychotherapy, Counseling, and Research Codes of Ethics How Professionals Know Their Ethical Responsibilities Five General Principles for Ethical Practice Ethics in Daily Practice Ethical Dilemmas: Safeguarding Your Decisions Step by Step Profile of an Ethicist: Melba Vasquez Culturally Sensitive Counseling Exploring Ethics 4. Elements of Culture, Gender, and Diversity in Counseling and Psychotherapy A Selection from Carol Tavris's The Mismeasure of Woman Introduction to Culture- and Gender-Based Approaches Why Do Group Differences Matter? Do Differences Imply Different Pictures of Psychological State? Inconsistencies in Clinical Judgment Essential Concepts: Psychological Effects of Culture and Gender Interacting Sources of Oppression and Their Psychological Effects Profile of a Theorist: Mark Pope The Process of Therapy Customary Techniques of Therapy Uses for Gendered and Cultural Approaches Critiques of Gendered and Cultural Approaches Exploring Gender and Culture 5. Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Approaches A Selection from Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams An Introduction to Psychodynamic Thought Other Common Themes in Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Theories Essential Concepts of Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Theories Profile of a Theorist: Sigmund Freud Jungian Psychology Personality Typing Based on Jungian Theory: The MBTI The Therapeutic Process Customary Techniques Uses of Psychodynamic Approaches Critiques of Psychodynamic Approaches Exploring Psychodynamic Theories 6. Adlerian Psychology A Selection from Alfred Adler's Understanding Human Nature Essential Concepts in Adlerian Approaches Profile of a Theorist: Alfred Adler The Therapeutic Process Basic Mistakes Features of Adlerian Therapy Customary Techniques Uses of Adlerian Therapy Critiques of Adlerian Psychology Exploring Adlerian Psychology 7. Humanistic, Person-Centered Approaches A Selection from Carl Rogers's On Becoming a Person The Humanistic Approach Profile of a Theorist: Carl Rogers Essential Concepts in Humanist Psychology The Therapeutic Process Customary Techniques of Humanistic Therapy Uses of Humanistic Therapy Critiques of Humanistic Approaches Explorations of Humanistic Approaches 8. Existential Theory and Related Therapies A Selection from J. F. T. Bugental, Psychotherapy and Process: The Fundamentals of an Existential-Humanistic Approach (1978) An Introduction to Existentialist Thought Essential Concepts in Existentialist Psychology Profile of a Theorist: Rollo May Existential Therapeutic Process Customary Techniques of Existential Therapy Uses of Existential Therapy Critiques of Existential Approaches Explorations of Existential Approaches 9. Gestalt Therapy A Selection from Fritz Perls's The Gestalt Approach An Introduction to Gestalt Therapy Essential Concepts in Gestalt Therapy The Therapeutic Process Techniques of Gestalt Therapy Profile of a Theorist: Miriam F. Polster Uses of Gestalt Therapy Critiques of Gestalt Therapy Exploring Gestalt Therapy 10. Behavioral Therapies A Selection from B. F. Skinner's How to Discover What You Have to Say--A Talk to Students" An Introduction to Behavioral Therapy Essential Concepts in Behavioral Therapy Profile of a Theorist: B. F. Skinner The Therapeutic Process Customary Techniques and Uses of Behavior Therapy Critiques of Behavior Therapy Exploring Behavioral Therapy 11. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies A Selection from Aaron Beck's Love Is Never Enough Introduction to Cognitive-Behavioral Theory Essential Concepts The Therapeutic Process Varieties of Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments and Their Uses Profile of a Theorist: Albert Ellis Profile of a Theorist: Judith Beck Critiques of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies Exploring Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies 12. Approaches to Family Counseling A Selection from Cloe Madanes's "Stories of Psychotherapy" Introduction to Family Systems Theory Essential Concepts Profile of a Theorist: Murray Bowen The Process of Family Therapy Profile of a Theorist: Virginia Satir Customary Techniques of Family Therapy Uses for Family Therapy Critiques of Family Systems Counseling Exploring Family Systems Approaches 13. Transpersonal Development A Selection from Mark Epstein's Going to Pieces Without Falling Apart Introduction to Transpersonal Approaches Essential Concepts of Transpersonal Approaches The Process of Therapy Customary Techniques of Transpersonal Therapy Profile of a Theorist: Frances Vaughan Uses for Transpersonal Techniques Critiques of Transpersonal Approaches Exploring Transpersonal Approaches 14. Integrative Innovations: Transtheoretical, Cognitive-Interpersonal, and Multimodal Approaches A Selection from Harry Stack Sullivan's The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry Introduction to Integrative Approaches The Shift Toward Integration Transtheoretical Therapy as a Common Factors Approach Cognitive-Interpersonal Therapy as an Integrative Approach Essential Concepts of Cognitive-Interpersonal Counseling Profile of a Theorist: Dan McAdams The Process of Cognitive-Interpersonal Therapy Customary Techniques of Cognitive-Interpersonal Therapy Uses for Cognitive-Interpersonal Techniques Lazarus's Multimodal Therapy as a Technically Eclectic Approach Critiques of Integrative Innovations Discovering Other Integrative Possibilities Comprehensive Review: Creating a Theories Chart Questions to Ask Yourself Theory, Research, and Your Future"