Part I: The First Force in Psychotherapy Chapter 1: Introduction Goals of the Book Organization of the Book Definitions of Counseling and Psychotherapy Choosing a Theoretical Orientation to Therapy Integrative Psychotherapy: The Focus of This Text Chapter 2: Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories Major Contributor: Sigmund Freud The Therapeutic Process Assessment Therapy Techniques Anna Freud Erik Erikson Object Relations School Donald Winnicott Self Psychology and Heinz Kohut Comparison and Contrasting of Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories Other Theoriests and Therapy Approaches Carl Gustav Jung Chapter 3: Adlerian Psychotherapy Alfred Adler Phases of Therapy Multicultural Positives Empirical Evidence Part II: The Second Force in Psychotherapy Chapter 4: Behavior Therapy and Psychopharmacology Major Contributors Key Concepts Theory of Maladaptive Behavior Therapeutic Process Behavior Therapy Techniques Current Trends in Behavior Therapy Behavioral Assessment: The Functional Assessment Model Multicultural Positives Multicultural Blind Spots Chapter 5: Cognitive Approaches to Therapy Major Contributors Key Concepts of REBT Albert Bandura (1925- ): Social Modeling, Observational Learning, and Self-Efficacy Aaron Beck (1921- ): Cognitive Therapy and Depression Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) Chapter 6: Reality/Choice Therapy Key Concepts of Reality/Choice Theory Reality Therapy/Choice Theory and Maladaptive Behavior Total Behavior ControlL A Key Component of Reality Therapy The 10 Axoms of Choice Therapy Seven Deadly Habits and Seven Caring Habits Goals of Reality Choice Therapy Reality/Choice Therapy and the Therapeutic Process Reality Therapy Counseling Techniques Reality/Choice Therapy and the Schools Multicultural Positivism Contributons and Criticisms of Reality Therapy Part III: The Third Force in Psychotherapy Chapter 7: Existential Therapy The Contributions of Roll May (1904-1994): First Major American Existentialist Victor Frankl (1905-1997) and Logotherapy Existentialism and the Schools Multicultural Positivism Contributions and Criticisms of Existential Therapy Chapter 8: Person Centered Therapy Carl Rogers: Brief Historical Overview The Person Centered View of Human Nature Person-Centered Therapy and Personality Development Healthy Psychological Development and the Fully Functioning Person Maladaptive Behavior or Psychopathology Person-Centered Therapy and the Therapeutic Process Person-Centered Therapy Techniques Person-Centered Counseling and the Schools Multicultural Positives Multicultural Blind Spots Contributions and Criticisms of Person-Centered Therapy Chapter 9: Gestalt Therapy Philosophical Roots for Gestalt Therapy Influence of Existentialism on Gestalt Therapy Key Concepts of Gestalt Therapy Personality Development: Healthy Development Maladaptive Behavior or Psychopathology Gestalt Therapy and the Therapeutic Process The Therapeutic Relationship: Dialogues Between Therapist and Client Gestalt Therapy Techniques: Exercises and Experiments Multicultural Positives Contributions and Criticisms of Gestalt Therapy Chapter 10: Motivational INterviewing and the Stages of Change Theory Brief Biography of William R. Miller Stephen Rollnick Key Concepts of Motivational Interviewing Nine Strategies for Evoking Change Talk Sample Motivational Interviewing (MI) Session Key Concepts of the Transtheoretical Model of Change Chapter 11: The Expressive Arts Therapies Key Concepts in Expressive Arts Therapy Art Therapy Music Therapy Play Therapy Part IV: The Fourth Force Chapter 12: Multicultural Psychotherapy Theories Eurocentric Psychotherapy Theories and Western Values What Is Multicultural Counseling? Multicultural Counseling Theory: Five Emerging Theories Ethnic Self-Schemas and Mental Health Issues Multicultural Counseling Techniques Contributions and Limitations of Multiculturalism Chapter 13: Transcultural Psychotherapy Commonalities Among Asian Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy Japanese Approaches to Psychotherapy Morita Therapy Chinese Contributions to Psychotherapy: Mindfulness African Approaches to Healing and Psychotherapy Arab Approaches to Psychotherapy Chapter 14: Feminist Therapy and Lesbian and Gay Therapy Feminist Therapy Gay and Lesbian Therapy Chapter 15: Solution-Focused Therapy Solution-Focused Therapy and Social Constructivism Brief Therapy: Number of Sessions for Solution-Focused Therapy Chapter 16: Narrative Therapy Brief Overview: Narrative Therapy Chapter 17: Integrating Religious/Spiritual Issues During Psychotherapy Integration of Spirituality/Religion in Psychotherapeutic Approaches Brief Historical Overview of Spirituality and Religion in Psychotherapy Key Concepts in Spirituality/Religion Spirituality and the Therapeutic Relationship Spiritual Techniques Chapter 18: Strengths-Based Therapy The Strengths-Based Therapy Model (SBT): Elsie J. Smith Core Concepts in the Strengths-Based Therapy Model Strengths Development Theory Phases of the Strengths-Based Therapy Model (SBT) Chapter 19: Family Therapy Approaches Definition and Function of a Family Murray Bowen (1913-1990) and Multigenerational Family Therapy The Experiential Family Therapists Structural Family Therapy Strategic Family Therapy Part V: Neuroscience: The Fifth Force Chapter 20: Neuroscience, Psychotherapy, and Neuropsychotherapy Important Contributors Connecting Neuroscience and Psychotherapy Toward a Theoretical Framework for Neuropsychotherapy Two Cerebral Hemispheres: Right Brain and Left Brain Development Mental Health from a Neuroscientific Perspective Methods and Techniques for Neuropsychotherapy Neuroscience and the DSM-5 Cultural Neuroscience and Multiculturalism Chapter 21: Comparing and Contrasting the Theories of Psychotherapy Worldviews of Theories of Psychotherapy Key Concepts of Theories of Psychotherapy Therapy Techniques Forming a Multicultural Conceptualization of Clients Future Outlook of Theoretical Approaches Chapter 22: Integrative Psychotherapy Brief Historical Overview of the Integrative Movement Pathways to Psychotherapy Integration Multitheoretical Approaches Stages of Professional Development as a Therapist
Dr. Elsie Jones-Smith is a licensed psychologist, a certified school psychologist, and the President of the Strengths-Based Institute. She holds two Ph.D. degrees, one in clinical psychology from Michigan State University and the other in counselor education from the University at Buffalo. She is a Fellow in two divisions of the American Psychological Association, Division 17, the Society of Counseling Psychology, and Division 45, the Society for the Psychological Study of Culture, Ethnicity, and Race. She is a Diplomate in counseling psychology (ABPP), a Fellow of the Academy of Counseling Psychology, and a prior Distinguished Visitor for the American Psychological Association. Dr. Jones-Smith has extensive experience in strengths-based therapy, graduate level teaching, program evaluation (Head Start, Title -Chapter 1), tests construction, and psychological consultation with schools. Her clinical orientation is strengths-based. She has currently expanded her clinical work to include cultural neuroscience. She is the author of six books, including the recently published Culturally Diverse Counseling: Theories and Practice (Sage, 2019). Second Edition of Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Integrative Approach (2016) with Sage Publications (which presents a chapter on Neuroscience and describes it as the Fifth Force in psychology); Spotlighting the Strengths of Every Single Student: Why U.S. Schools Need a New, Strengths-Based Approach (2011, ABC-CLIO (2011); and Nurturing Nonviolent Children: A Guide for Parents, Educators, and Counselors (Praeger, 2008). Two of her articles ("The Strengths-Based Counseling Model" (which was nominated as the outstanding article in TCP for 2006) and "Ethnic Minorities: Life Stress, Social Support and Mental Health Issues" (1985) have been cited by The Counseling Psychologist as major contributions to the field of psychology. She has served on numerous editorial boards, including The Counseling Psychologist (TCP), The Journal of Counseling Psychology, and Counselor Education and Supervision. Dr. Jones-Smith has developed and published two theories in psychology: Strengths-Based Therapy and Ethnic Identity Development. In addition, she has developed a strengths-based educational approach for working with youth in schools and several instruments that measure ethnic identity development, students' strengths, and teachers' strengths.
"Realizing that counseling theory is not the easiest subject for students to grasp, nor the most fun for most students, I have searched for years for a textbook that communicates excitement for theory and also for the value of each theoretical approach for its time in the history of counseling and psychotherapy...In 2011, I found Elsie Jones-Smith's (2011) Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Integrative Approach, and in using it with my students, it has really help bring counseling theories alive for my students. Jones-Smith has revised her textbook with a second edition, and I am even more excited by it than I was by the first edition. The text is both historical in helping students envision the evolution of counseling and psychotherapy, and foundational, for it grounds the reader in each of the recognized approaches to the subject matter...I believe that Jones-Smith's (2014) Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Integrative Approach is the most exciting and engaging counseling theories text available today. It is comprehensive in its coverage of the theories that master's and doctoral level counselors, psychotherapists, and clinical and counseling psychologists should know and understand. It is well written and easily read and assimilated by students. It contains the powerful and engaging tool entitled 'Theoretical Orientation Scale' by Jones-Smith that, if used at the beginning of the theories course, moves students from apprehensive to excited and eager to learn about the theoretical orientations that seem to fit them and those that seem to fit their classmates." -- Charles Timothy (Tim) Dickel, Ed.D.