Resistance and British aid; British attitudes; the cost; the state of the Spanish army; uniforms and equipment; generals and staff; cavalry; infantry; artillery; engineers and sappers; guerillas; regional volunteers and armed peasantry; offshore islands and presidios; military academies; the navy.
Rene Chartrand was born in Montral and educated in Canada, the United States and the Bahamas. A senior curator with Canada's National Historic Sites for nearly three decades, he is now a freelance writer and historical consultant for cinema and historic sites restorations. He has written numerous articles and books including almost 20 Osprey titles and the first two volumes of Canadian Military Heritage. Also a student of wines, he currently lives in Hull, Quebec, with his wife and two sons.