W. E. B. Du Bois was born on February 23rd, 1868, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Throughout his lifetime, he wore the hats of an author, writer, editor, civil rights activist, historian, and sociologist. He was the first African-America to earn a doctoral degree at Harvard University and was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He died in Africa on August 27th, 1963, a day before the famous March on Washington.