Brief Table of Contents 1 Maintaining a Safe Classroom 2 Maintaining a Healthy Classroom 3 Establishing a Learning Environment 4 Advancing Physical Skills 5 Advancing Cognitive Skills 6 Advancing Communication Skills 7 Advancing Creative Skills 8 Building a Positive Self-Concept 9 Promoting Social Skills 10 Providing Guidance 11 Promoting Family Involvement 12 Providing Program Management 13 Promoting Professionalism Detailed Table of Contents Introduction The In-Service Training Option Skills Based on Child Development Associate Training Textbook Chapters from Functional Areas Competency Standards, Functional Areas, Chapters Teacher Skills Checklist Assessment for In-Service Training Option Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP) NAEYC Early Childhood Program Standards 1 Maintaining a Safe Classroom Set Up Safe Classroom Environment Bathroom Stairs/Exits Promote Toy and Materials Safety Within Each Learning Center Art Center Block-Building Center Book Center Computer Center Cooking Center Dramatic Play Center Gross-Motor Center Manipulative/Math Center Music/Listening Center Sand/Water/Sensory Table Science/Discovery Center Woodworking Center Writing Center Battery-Operated Toys and Video Games Safety Checklist General Room Conditions Video 1.1 Fire Safety Keep Outdoor Playground Safe and Secure Video 1.2 Physical Development: Early Childhood Books as Lead-Ins to Playground Safety Activities Plan and Implement Necessary Emergency Procedures Emergency Illnesses or Injuries Preparing for Accidents Injury Safety Activities Weather Emergencies Books as Lead-Ins to Emergency Weather Activities Emergency Exiting Books as Lead-Ins to Fire Fighting Activities Emergency Evacuation Plans Provide a Safe Atmosphere Through Teacher Behavior Teacher's Behavior Dissipate Fear Book as a Lead-In to Talking About Fear Supervising Classroom Areas Anticipating Unsafe Behavior Redirecting Unsafe Behavior Modeling Safe Behavior Involving Children in Safety Rules Car and School Bus Safety Books as Lead-Ins to School Bus Safety Activities Field Trip Safety Book as a Lead-In to Field Trip Manners Promote Personal Safety for Each Child Bullying Books as Lead-Ins to Talking About Bullying Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 2 Maintaining a Healthy Classroom Set Up a Healthy Classroom Environment Emphasizing Children's Wellness Children's Wellness Encourage Children to Become Physically Fit Through Exercise and Rest Physical Fitness Physical Fitness Guidelines Physical Fitness Activities Books as Lead-Ins to Classroom Physical Activities Resting Books as Lead-Ins to Resting/Napping Promote Good Nutrition Through Food Choices and Children's Eating Nutrition Video 2.1 Mealtime and Snack Time Nutrients Analyzing Food Choices Food in the Classroom Snacks Cultural Food Books as Lead-Ins to Cultural Food Activities Obesity Screen Time Picky Eaters Books as Lead-Ins to Helping Picky Eaters Use Materials to Ensure Children's Health Through Personal Hygiene and Cleanliness Keeping the Classroom Clean Video 2.2 Handwashing Personal Hygiene: Handwashing Washing Dolls and Toys Tooth Brushing Books as Lead-Ins to Toothbrushing Sun Protection Recognize Unusual Behavior and Symptoms of Illness and Respond to Them Sickness Allergies Insect Bites Asthma Chicken Pox Book as Lead-In to Chicken Pox Theme Colds/Flu Books as Lead-Ins to Using Tissues Ear Infections Special Conditions Medical Exams Books as Lead-Ins to Doctor and Dentist Visits Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 3 Establishing a Learning Environment Set Up Stimulating Learning Centers in Appropriate Spaces Learning Centers as Brain Stimulators Colors as Stimulators Noise Levels Room Arrangement Video 3.1 Room Arrangement: Preschool Room Layout Separating Activities Floor Planning Self-Regulating Methods Provide Appropriate Materials for Children's Self-Directed Activities in Indoor Learning Centers Play as Learning Exploratory Play Levels Equipping Learning Centers Block-Building Center Book Center Dramatic Play Center Manipulative/Math Center Art Center Gross-Motor Center Music Center Science/Discovery Center Writing Center Computer Center Sensory Play Center Woodworking Center Developmentally Appropriate Materials Evaluating Room Arrangement Provide Stimulating Outdoor Learning Activities Outdoor Dramatic Play Books Block Building Art Music Climbing, crawling Fine Motor Science Use Technology Where Developmentally Appropriate Computer (desktop; laptop) Smartphone Touch Tablet Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) Multitouch Table or Smart Table eBook Player Digital Camera Video 3.2 Technology Digital Voice Recorder Digital Music Player/Recorder Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 4 Advancing Physical Skills Guide Children's Development of Gross-Motor Skills and Provide Appropriate Equipment and Activities Walking Books as Lead-Ins to Walking Activities Balancing Hopping/Jumping/Leaping Books as Lead-Ins to Jumping Running/Galloping/Skipping Books as Lead-Ins to Leg and Feet Action Climbing Books as Lead-Ins to Climbing Activities Crawling/Creeping/Scooting Throwing/Catching Books as Lead-Ins to Playing Basketball/Baseball Riding Wheeled Equipment Book as a Lead-In to Riding a Trike Making Plans for Individuals Guide Children's Development of Fine-Motor Skills and Provide Appropriate Materials and Activities Fine-Motor Assessment Sequence of Development Whole Arm Books as Lead-Ins to Hammering Whole Hand Pincer (Finger 1) Puzzles Cutting with Scissors Books as Lead-Ins to Cutting Pincer Coordination (Finger 2) Stringing Beads Books as Lead-Ins to Bead-Stringing Activities Provide Opportunities for Children to Engage in Movement-Based Learning Video 4.1 Movement and Music Books as Lead-Ins to Movement Activities Provide Opportunities for Children to Engage in Creative Dance Movement Props Books as Lead-Ins to Creative Dance Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 5 Advancing Cognitive Skills Describe How Cognitive Development Takes Place In Preschool Children Pioneers in Children's Cognitive Development Brain Research Cognitive Development in Preschool Help Children Develop Curiosity About Their World Through Sensory Exploration Sensory Exploration Assessing Children's Curiosity Sensory Questions Reawakening Your Own Curiosity Open-Ended Sensory Questions Scientific Inquiry: The Guessing-Game Method (High-Level Thinking) Equipment and Materials in the Classroom Outside Sensory Explorations Books as Lead-Ins to Outside Sensory Exploration Help Children Develop Basic Concepts About Their World by Classifying, Comparing, and Counting Objects in It Sorting and Classifying Objects That Are Alike Video 5.1 Sorting Shells Comparing Objects by Size, Shape, Color, and Number Books as Lead-Ins to Comparing Objects Early Childhood Mathematics Books as Lead-Ins to Number Activities Help Children Apply Basic Concepts About Their World Through High-Level Thinking and Problem Solving Following a Broad But Simple Concept Problem Solving, Divergent Thinking, and Metacognition Books as Lead-Ins to Thinking Activities Problem Solving with Computer Programs Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 6 Advancing Communication Skills Provide Activities That Promote Children's Speaking and Listening Brain Research Talk-Rich Environment Listening with Intent Helping Children Listen with Intent Soundproofing the Room Helping Children Become Speakers Responsive versus Restrictive Language Books as Lead-Ins to Responsive Language Activities Books as Lead-Ins to Children Gaining Confidence Books as Lead-Ins to the Need to Communicate The Mix of Children Video 6.1 Encouraging Conversation Books as Lead-Ins to Children's Conversations Help Dual Language Learners to Learn English New Technology Why Use Home Languages Reading Bilingual Books Books as Lead-Ins for Dual Language Activities Provide Materials and Activities to Support Emergent Reading Emergent Reading Books to Motivate Listening Word Play Predictable Books Reading Books to Children Follow-Up Book Activities Books as Lead-Ins to Story Reenactment Provide Materials and Activities to Support Emergent Writing Writing in Preschool Book as a Lead-In to Writing Tools Writing Behaviors Taking Dictation Children's Writing Activities Books as Lead-Ins to Writing Activities Alphabet Letters Books as Lead-Ins to Alphabet Activities Computer Alphabet Programs Children's Names Video 6.2 Creating a Print-Rich Environment Books as Lead-Ins to Children's Names Orientation of Letters Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 7 Advancing Creative Skills Promote Children's Creativity Through Freedom to Use Their Imaginations Acceptance and Encouragement Teacher Creativity Freedom Fantasy Role-Play Books as Lead-Ins to Fantasy Play Video 7.1 Creative Art Expressions Multiethnic Books Superhero Play Books as Lead-ins to Superhero Play Intervention Give Children the Opportunity to be Creative in Dramatic Play Books as Lead-Ins to Dramatic Play Dramatic Play Areas Teacher's Role As a Model As a Mediator Provide Art Materials and Activities for Children to Explore Creatively on Their Own Process versus Product Easel Activities Art Supplies Play Dough Colored Chalk Finger Painting Monster Mixing Books as Lead-Ins to Mixing Colors Acceptance of Art Products Books as Lead-Ins to Art Activities Books About Adult Artists Stages of Art Development Encourage Children to Create and Have Fun with Music Brain Research Regarding Music Chanting Books as Lead-Ins to Singing/Chanting a Happy Song Directions Manipulating the Music Medium Rhythm Instruments Your Own Instrument Books as Lead-Ins to Instrument Playing Using Recorded Music Other Creative Activities Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 8 Building a Positive Self-Concept Help Children Improve Their Self-Concept Through the Positive Classroom Environment You Have Established Physical Environment Book as a Lead-In to Seeing Different Faces Emotional Environment Accept Yourself and Every Child as Worthy and Use Verbal and Nonverbal Cues to Let Children Know They Are Accepted Adult Self-Acceptance Adult-Child Acceptance Books as Lead-Ins to Adult-Child Self-Concept Activities Nonverbal Cues A Favorite Child Behavior Management Style Child's Self-Acceptance Mirrors, Photos, and Recordings Self-Concept Name Games and Songs Self-Concept Art and Photography Books as Lead-Ins to Child Self-Acceptance Activities Accept and Respect Diversity in Children and Help Children to Respect One Another Stress Similarities But Honor Differences Books as Lead-Ins to Different Cultural Activities Build on Each Child's Strengths Have High Expectations for Everyone Cultural Influences on Children's Self-Concept Helps Children Respect One Another Help Every Child to Develop Independence and Experience Success in the Classroom Video 8.1 Opportunities for Success Strengthening a Child's Independence Control Over the Classroom Environment Children's Activity Choices Children's Special Skills Teacher's Role Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 9 Promoting Social Skills Help Children Develop the Social Skills of Interacting in Harmony with Others Neuroscience Research Social Play Importance of Parallel Play Onlooker-to Parallel-to-Cooperative Play Teacher's Role Help Children Learn to Work and Play Cooperatively through Sharing and Turn-Taking Sharing and Turn-Taking Modeling Sharing and Turn-Taking Behavior Modeling with Puppets Books as Lead-Ins to Sharing and Turn-Taking Activities Computer Turn-Taking Help Children Learn to Enter Ongoing Play Without Disruptions Group-Access Strategies Dramatic Play Learning from Peers in Dramatic Play Learning Real-Life Roles Block Building Handling Interpersonal Conflicts Video 9.1 Building with Blocks Other-Esteem Conflict Conversion The Shy Child Children Who Don't Know How to Play Help Children Learn to Find Friends Books as Lead-Ins to Help Children Get Involved with Others Listening Partners Creating a Kindness Class Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 10 Providing Guidance Help Young Children Develop Self-Control Through Positive Guidance Brain Research Use Positive Prevention Measures to Help Children Eliminate Inappropriate Behavior Learning Environment Modification Colors to Create Emotional Tone New Materials Book as a Lead-In to Preventing Possession Squabbles Encouraging Environment for Boys Orderly Sequence of Events A Minimum of Waiting A Maximum of Time Child Involvement in Rules Book as a Lead-In to Rule-Making Problems Setting Limits Video 10.1 Managing Challenging Behavior Knowing the Children Force Unacceptable Use Positive Intervention Measures to Help Children Control their Inappropriate Behavior Accepting Negative Feelings Helping Children Verbalize Negative Feelings Emotional Literacy Books About Anger as Lead-Ins to Verbalizing Feelings Redirecting Inappropriate Behavior No Time-Out Chair Out-of-Control Children Temper Tantrums Biting and Hitting Intervening in Interpersonal Conflicts Use Positive Reinforcement Techniques to Help Children Learn Appropriate Behavior Positive Reinforcement Focus on Injured Child, Not on Aggressor Model Appropriate Behavior Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 11 Promoting Family Involvement Encourage Family Involvement in the Early Childhood Program to Promote Their Children's Development Involve Families in Participating in Their Children's Learning Activities Focus on the Child Home Visits Building Trust in Parents and Parent Trust in the Program Beginning School Books to Help Children Become Accustomed to School Two-Way Communication Methods for Two-Way Communication Books, Materials and Photos as Connectors Home Visits Family Members' Classroom Visits Parents as Classroom Volunteers Classroom Volunteer Rules Parent Conferences Video 11.1 A Conference with Kayla's Mom Recognize and Support Families of Different Makeups Single-Parent Families Books About Single-Parent Families Mixed/Blended/Adopted Families Books About Adoption and Mixed Families Gay and Lesbian Families Books About Gay and Lesbian Families Grandparents Raising Grandchildren Books About Grandparents Culturally Diverse Families Working Parents Build Teacher-Family Relationships Through Family Meetings Family Support of Program Monthly Family Meetings Activities in Learning Centers Motivating Family Attendance Books About Potluck Suppers Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 12 Providing Program Management Make Your Design Colorful Observe, Record, and Interpret the Needs and Interests of the Children Video 12.1 Observing Children in Authentic Contexts Observing Recording Interpreting Results Plan and Implement an Emergent Curriculum Team Planning Team Planning Sessions Team Roles and Responsibilities Overcoming Team Problems Employing an Emergent Curriculum Video 12.2 Emergent Curriculum Built on Children's Interests Using Curriculum Webs in Planning Children's Response to Curriculum Webs Converting Children's Interests into a Theme-Based Curriculum Field Trips Observing and Recording Their Discoveries Picture Books as Lead-Ins to an Entire Curriculum Manage Time Within the Program Schedule Managing Time Blocks Advantages of Time Blocks Time Management in the Preschools of Reggio Emilia Assess Outcomes of the Planning Child Observation Observing Marsella Assessment Interviews Arrange Follow-Up Based on Assessment Additions to Learning Centers Team Planning for Follow-Up Documentation Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities 13 Promoting Professionalism Continue Professional Growth as a Teacher of Young Children Becoming a Professional Categories of Professional Development Early Childhood Programs Concerns A Helping Profession Make a Commitment to the Early Childhood Profession Knowledge Base in the Field of Early Childhood Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP) Video 13.1 Designing Developmentally Appropriate Days Keeping Up with Developments in the Field New Knowledge New Technology Reciprocal Teaching and Learning Training Opportunities in the Field of Early Childhood Technology-Based E-Learning Online College Training Child Development Associate Why Become a CDA? CDA.2 Licensing and Credentialing Service Requirements in the Field of Early Childhood Education Behave Ethically Toward Children, Families, and Coworkers Shows Respect for All Demonstrates Caring Toward All Children Respects Privacy of Children, Families, and Coworkers NAEYC's Code of Ethical Conduct Training About Ethical Conduct Take Every Opportunity to Improve Professional Growth Ongoing Training Join a Professional Organization, Read Its Publications, Network with Colleagues in the Field Professional Publications Career Opportunities Professional Portfolio Personal Contribution Summary Do You Know? Learning Activities Appendix A Becoming a CDA: Child Development Associate Obtaining a CDA Credential Before Apply
Dr. Janice J. Beaty is not only a writer of many college texts for early childhood educators but is also a traveler. Her books for Pearson include Skills for Preschool Teachers, 10/e, 2017 (also in Chinese), Early Literacy in Preschool & Kindergarten with L.Pratt, 4/e, 2015, Observing Development of the Young Child, 8/e, 2014, Fifty Early Childhood Literacy Strategies, 3/e, 2013 , (both also in Chinese). She is also the author of Preschool Appropriate Practices, 4/e, 2014, (also in Chinese). She has visited early childhood programs in China, Russia, Poland, and Bermuda and throughout Missouri where she has done training of Foster Grandparents who work in Head Start classrooms. She taught for 20 years at Elmira College where she developed a CDA Training of Trainers workshop and presented it in Elmira, NY, Columbia, SC, Atlanta, GA, & Orlando, FL. When she is not writing early childhood texts, you might find her "out west" in one of the national parks featured in her latest children's books: Jarod and the Mystery of the Joshua Trees, 2015, or Jarod and the Mystery of the Petroglyphs, 2016, Sunstone Press, for middle school readers.