Contents 1. Building (and Not Building) New York City's Subway System 2. Sound to Shore - The Unbuilt Brooklyn Queens Crosstown Line 3. Why the No. 7 Line Stops in Flushing 4. The Battle of the Northeast Bronx - 1 5. Buy Land Now, Ride the Subway Later 6. Ashland Place and the Mysteries of 76th Street 7. To the City Limits and Beyond 8. The Battle of the Northeast Bronx - 2 9. Building the Line That Almost Never Was 10. Other Plans, Other Lines, Other Issues in the Postwar Years 11. What Happened to the Rest of the System??? Appendix 1. The 1944 Service Plan Appendix 2. The 1947 2nd Avenue Service Plan Notes Bibliography Index
Delves deep into the underbelly of the NYC subway system to reveal the tunnels and stations that might have been.
Joseph B. Raskin is an independent scholar. He is widely regarded as an authority on unbuilt subway systems, on which he has been interviewed by the New York Times. He recently retired as Assistant Director of Government and Community Relations for MTA New York City Transit.
"The New York subway is a source of basic mobility in the world's greatest city, but there remains much to be learned about why it came to be and how it functions. Raskin has given us a book that places all of our factual and historical narratives in a much larger context-what might have been, what could have been, and, perhaps, what should have been." -- -Brian J. Cudahy A Century of Subways: Celebrating 100 Years of New York's Underground Railways "In presenting lively...case studies of what he regards as the most important unbuilt lines, Mr. Raskin encourages his readers to think about the adaptable nature of the city." -Wall Street Journal "The Routes Not Taken is a fascinating look at what did not happen with the New York City subway system and why. Joseph Raskin provides detailed accounts of why several subway lines that have been long needed and desired-such as one in the northeast Bronx and one across Queens and Brooklyn-never got built. The stories are full of twists and turns as politicians, business interests, civic groups, transit advisors and engineers all argue over which line is needed, what the specifics of its route should be, and even if it should be done ahead of another line. The Routes Not Taken is engrossing but ultimately dispiriting. One comes away from reading Mr. Raskin's book with a sense of awe that New York City has a subway system of any kind and extent given the numerous competing forces that have cancelled each other out in the past." -- -Paul Shaw Author of Helvetica and the New York City Subway System: The True (Maybe) Story "Apart from sheer enjoyment, this book underscores how radically decisions about transit shape property values, commerce, neighborhoods, and people." -Choice Magazine "This is an extraordinary and magisterial book, the product of years of diligent research on a topic that has been almost completely ignored, but one central to the understanding of the evolution of New York City in the twentieth century." -- -Peter Eisenstadt author of Rochdale Village: Robert Moses, 6,000 Families, and New York City's Great Experiment in Integrated Housing "Joseph B. Raskin's parents never owned a car, and so the New York subway system perhaps played an outsize role in shaping his worldview. In The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System (Fordham University Press), Mr. Raskin draws on this perspective to provide an insightful look at the what-might-have-beens of urban mass transit. The first subway, the IRT from City Hall to West 145th Street, was built in four and a half years. That pace has rarely been equaled in the century since. Consider that the Second Avenue subway, the first segment of which is to open in 2016, was envisioned in 1929. Why were certain lines elevated - and later demolished - instead of buried? Mr. Raskin, the assistant director of government and community relations for New York City Transit, dusts off old blueprints of lines that were never built or never completed, explaining how the system shaped urban development and how political and economic forces conspired to create today's subways. If only the Transit Construction Commission's 1920 plan had been adopted: a $350 million, 20-year blueprint that would have provided a grid of subway lines covering all five boroughs and provided for a city with a population even bigger than today's." -- -Sam Roberts The New York Times