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The Refractive and Motor Mechanism of the Eye

Excerpt from The Refractive and Motor Mechanism of the Eye Vision is the sense which reveals to us the form and color of objects by the action of light on the retina; in other words, vision may be defined as the consciousness which results from the stimulation of the retina by light. The visual apparatus consists of two distinct parts. The first of these is the eye, which is analogous to a photograph camera. The retina, which receives and transforms the light energy into a nerve impulse, corresponds to the sensitized plate of the camera. The second part of the visual apparatus consists of the optic nerve and its brain connections - the conducting and interpreting mechanism - by means of which the nerve impulse is carried to the visual areas of the brain and thence to the centers of consciousness, where the impulse is manifested as vision. It falls within our province in this work to deal only with the former part of this apparatus - to study the eye as an optical contrivance and to investigate the adaptability and the imperfections of its mechanism. Light, the physical agency by which we see, is a form of energy. The science of physics teaches that ultimately all energy is one, but that by the various modifications which it undergoes different results are manifested from its expenditure. Light may be produced in various ways, as by mechanical or chemical action. Although light artificially produced plays an important part in our life, our chief source of light must always be the sun. The study of the laws of light constitutes the science of optics. In its various branches this is a comprehensive study, which would lead us far beyond the province of ophthalmology. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
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