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PART I. AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF MINORITY GROUPS IN THE UNITED STATES 1. Diversity in the United States: Questions and Concepts Narrative Portrait: The Social Construction of Racial Identity Developing a Racial Identity - Lawrence Hill Narrative Portrait: The Cultural Sources of Prejudice Kaffir Boy - Mark Mathabane Readings Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism - Norman Yetman Using Racial and Ethnic Concepts: The Critical Case of Very Young Children - Debra van Ausdale and Joe R. Feagin Constructing Categories of Difference - Karen Rosenblum and Toni-Michelle Travis Current Debates: Race and Sports The Dominance of Black Athletes is Genetic - Jon Entine The Argument for Genetic Differences is Deeply Flawed - Kenan Malik Debate Questions to Consider 2. Assimilation and Pluralism Narrative Portrait: Assimilation, Then and Now Choosing a Dream: Italians in Hell's Kitchen - Mario Puzo Always Running: La Vida Loca - Luiz Rodrigues Readings Divided Fates - M. Patricia Fernandez-Kelly and Richard Schauffler Fifteen Years on the Bottom Rung - Anthony DePalma Opening Faces: The Politics of Cosmetic Surgery and Asian American Women - Eugenia Kaw Current Debates: English Only? English Only Will Speed the Assimilation of Immigrants - Mauro Mujica Bilingualism Should Be Encouraged - Aida Hurtado and Luis A. Vega Debate Questions to Consider PART II. THE EVOLUTION OF DOMINANT-MINORITY RELATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES 3. The Development of Dominant-Minority Relations in Pre-Industrial America: The Origins of Slavery Narrative Portrait: A Slave's Life Life as a Slave Girl - Harriet Jacobs Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb - Henry Bibb Readings Slavery Unwilling to Die - Joe R. Feagin Jezebel and Mammy: The Mythology of Female Slavery - Deborah Gray White Current Debates: How Did Slavery Affect the Origins of African American Culture? Slavery Created African American Culture - Stanley Elkins African American Culture Was Created by an Interplay of Elements From Africa and America - William D. Piersen Debate Questions to Consider 4. Industrialization and Dominant-Minority Relations: From Slavery to Segregation and the Coming of Post-Industrial Society Narrative Portrait: The Kitchenette Death on the City Pavement - Richard Wright Readings The Meaning of Emancipation According to Black Women - Angela Davis What is Affirmative Action? - Fred L. Pincus Adolescent Masculinity, Homophobia, and Violence: Random School Shootings, 1982-2001 - Michael Kimmel and Matthew Mahler Current Debates: Affirmative Action Affirmative Action Casts Suspicions on Legitimate Black Achievement and Depicts African Americans as Incapable - Thomas Sowell Why We Still Need Affirmative Action - Orlando Patterson Debate Questions to Consider PART III. UNDERSTANDING DOMINANT -MINORITY RELATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES TODAY 5. African Americans Narrative Portrait: The Persistence of Racism Just Walk on By: A Black Man Ponders His Ability To Alter Public Space - Brent Staples The Mulatto Millennium - Danzy Senna Readings I Am Not a Racist But... - Eduardo Bonilla-Silva and Tyrone A. Forman Race and Criminalization: Black Americans and the Punishment Industry - Angela Davis The Elephant in the Living Room: The Issue of Race in Close Black/White Friendships - Kathleen Odell Korgen Current Debates: Reparations Reparations for African Americans in Historical Context - Joe R. Feagin and Eileen O'Brien Reparations Are an Idea Whose Time Has Come - Manning Marable Blood Money: Why I Don't Want Reparations for Slavery - John McWhorter Debate Questions to Consider 6. Native Americans Narrative Portrait: Native Americans' Experiences and Perspectives Lakota Woman - Mary Crow Dog Talking to the Owls and Butterflies - John Lame Deer Readings Growing Up Indian - Leonard Peltier From the Ground Up - Charon Astoyer Current Debates: Are Indian Sports Team Mascots Offensive? Indian Symbols and Mascots Are Not Offensive - S.L. Price and Andrea Woo Mascots Are Offensive - C. Richard King, Ellen J. Staurowsky, Lawrence Baca, R. Davis, and Cornel Pewewardy Debate Questions to Consider 7. Hispanic Americans Narrative Portrait: The Meaning of Macho Americanization is Tough on Macho - Rose Del Castillo Guilbault Narrative Portrait: Gender Images of Latinas The Island Travels With You - Judith Ortiz Cofer Readings Mock Spanish: A Site for the Indexical Reproduction of Racism in American English - Jane H. Hill Seeing More Than Black and White: Latinos, Racsim, and the Cultural Divide - Elizabeth Martinez Not White or Black, but In Between: Latinos and Asian Americans Expanding the Language of Colorblind Racism - Eileen O'Brien Current Debates: Is Americanization Threatened by" Hispanization"? How to Make an American - John Fonte Why We Shouldn't Worry About the "Hispanization" of the United States - Francis Fukuyama Debate Questions to Consider 8. Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Narrative Portrait: The Relocation We Were Just Japs - Joseph Kurihara Readings The Interrelationship Between Anti-Asian Violence and Asian America - Victor M. Hwang South Korean Sex Slaves in the United States and Canada - Salim Jiwa Current Debates: Asian American "Success": What Are the Dimensions, Causes, and Implications for Other Minority Groups? The Success of Japanese Americans Is Cultural - Harry Kitano The "Success" of Chinese Americans Is Structural - Alejandro Portes and Min Zhou The Success of Asian Americans Has Been Exaggerated in Part to Criticize Other Minority Groups - Ronald Takaki Debate Questions to Consider 9. New Americans: Immigration and Assimilation Narrative Portrait: Two Stories of Immigration Life in the Enclave - Ho Yang Life as a Refugee - Vo Thi Tam Readings Immigrants in American Society - Philip Martin and Elizabeth Midgely Discrimination and the American Dream: The Case of Middle Eastern Americans - Amir Marvasti and Karyn D. McKinney Globalization and Its Mal(e)contents: The Gendered Moral and Political Economy of Terrorism - Michael S. Kimmel Current Debates: Is Immigration Harmful or Helpful to the United States? Immigration Is Harmful - Peter Brimelow Immigration Is Not Harmful - Reynolds Farley We Need to Reframe the Immigration Debate - George Borjas Debate Questions to Consider 10. White Ethnic Groups Narrative Portrait: Ethnicity, Prejudice, and the Irish Political Machine Shadow of the Past - David Gray Readings How Jews Became White - Karen Brodkin White Privilege and Male Privilege - Peggy McIntosh Euphemized Racism: Moral qua Racial Boundaries - Michele Lamont Current Debates: The Racial Identities of Whites and Blacks The Need to Understand Whiteness - Richard Dyer Symbolic and Involuntary Ethnicity - Mary Waters Debate Questions to Consider PART IV. CONCLUSIONS 11. Antiracist and Feminist Solutions The Emperor's New Clothes - Patricia Williams The Racial Preference Licensing Act - Derrick Bell The Redefinition and Subversion of Comparable Worth in New York State: "We Did It Our Way" - Ronnie Steinberg and Jennifer Hickman Building Connections with Antiracism and Feminism - Eileen O'Brien and Michael P. Armato Abolish the White Race by Any Means Necessary - Noel Ignatiev and John Garvey Being an Ally - Paul Kivel Commitment to Combat Racism - Judith Katz Tools for White Guys Who Are Working for Social Change - Chris Crass Discussion Questions
Joseph F. Healey is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Christopher Newport University in Virginia. He received his PhD in sociology and anthropology from the University of Virginia. An innovative and experienced teacher of numerous race and ethnicity courses, he has written articles on minority groups, the sociology of sport, social movements, and violence, and he is also the author of Statistics: A Tool for Social Research (10th ed., 2014). Eileen O'Brien is an Assistant Professor at SUNY-Brockport where her teaching and research interests range from introductory sociology to courses on race, ethnicity, gender, social class and theory. She authored Whites Confront Racism (Rowan and Littlefield, 2001) and has co-authored White Men on Race (Beacon Press, 2003) with Joe Feagin, a pre-eminent scholar on race and ethnic relations. She received her Ph.D. from the U.of Florida in 1999 M.A. from Ohio State in 1996; both degrees in sociology.