List of tables and figures Abbreviations and acronyms About the authors Introduction PART I BACKGROUND: THE BASICS 1 What is public health? Definitions and applications 2 The historical development of public health: Landmarks in the field 3 Health in Australia today: Health status, the health-care system and the place of public health PART II CONCEPTUAL AND ANALYTICAL TOOLKIT: KEY CONCEPTS AND FRAMEWORKS 4 Distribution of health and its determinants: Changing concepts and models 5 Explaining differences and determinants: Environment, society and behaviour 6 Public health interventions: From quarantine to the rise of 'evidence-based practice' 7 Health systems and policy: Making sense of the complex mosaic PART III PUBLIC HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE: BUILDING BLOCKS AND THE SYSTEM OF DELIVERY 8 Who delivers public health? Contemporary policies and players 9 Legislative authority for public health action: How governments and societal expectations intersect 10 Public health intelligence: Information and the research base for action 11 Human and financial resources: Essential foundations for action PART IV PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION: KEY INTERVENTIONS FROM PAST TO PRESENT 12 Surveillance and disease control: From data to intervention 13 Health protection: From the physical environment to ecological health 14 Preventive services: Linking public health and personal health care 15 Health promotion: From lifestyles to societal determinants of health 16 Health maintenance and improvement for vulnerable populations: From needs to rights PART V PUBLIC HEALTH CHALLENGES: EMERGING ISSUES AND RESPONSES 17 Public health governance: Politics of participation, decision-making and accountability 18 Futures of public health: Where to now for the organised effort? 19 A final note on ethical practice APPENDICES Appendix A: Australian core public health functions Appendix B: Millennium Development Goals Appendix C: Commonwealth Department of Health structure, 1921-2012 Appendix D: Commonwealth population health divisions, 1961-2012 Appendix E: Approaches and theories for health promotion Appendix F: Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1986 (extract) Appendix G: Evidence-based public health: Recommendations form Taskforce on Community Preventive Services Appendix H: Examples of public health laws in Australia Appendix I: Examples of new diseases identified in humans since 1975 Appendix J: Core environmental health services provided by Health Departments and environment protection agencies Appendix K: Vaccine start dates in Australia Appendix L: Common food- or water-borne pathogens Useful resources Sources for definitions Bibliography Index
VIVIAN LIN is Professor of Public Health at La Trobe University, Vice President for Scientific Affairs for the International Union for Health Promotion and Education and Senior Editor for Health Policy for Social Science and Medicine. She has held senior positions in a range of health authorities and non-government organisations across Australia, and is the co-author of Health Planning (2001) and co-editor of Evidence-based Health Policy (2003). JAMES SMITH is an independent public health planning consultant and public health policy adviser to local government and its peak bodies. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor in the School of Public Health and Human Biosciences at La Trobe University and in the School of the Environment at Flinders University. He is a past President of Environmental Health Australia and former Editor-in-Chief of the journal Environmental Health. SALLY FAWKES is Senior Lecturer in Health Promotion and Leadership at La Trobe University where she teaches post-graduate subjects in public health policy, health promotion, and law and management in health. She has extensive national and international experience in health promotion policy development and practice. She serves on the boards of Women's Health Victoria and the International Network of Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services.