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Chapter 1: The World of Homer Ancient Sources Homer, Iliad 1.1-303 Homer, Iliad 2.53-278 Homer, Iliad 18.478-508 Homer, Odyssey 1.365-424 Homer,Iliad 6.440-502 Homer, Iliad 9.307-429 Homer, Iliad 12.310-328 Opinions of Modern Scholars From Moses Finley, The World of Odysseus From Anthony Snodgrass,"An Historical Homeric Society?" From Barry Strauss, The Trojan War: a New History Chapter 2: Hoplite Warfare in Archaic Greek Society Ancient Sources Homer, Iliad, 11.17-46 Homer, Iliad, 13.125-168 Homer, Iliad, 7.219-312 Tyrtaeus (Fragments) Herodotus, Histories 7.9 Thucydides 1.15 Thucydides 5.69-73 Polybius 13.3.4 Opinions of Modern Scholars From Victor Davis Hanson, Western Way of War: infantry battle in classical Greece From Hans van Wees, "The Development of the Hoplite Phalanx: Iconography and reality in the seventh century" Chapter 3: The Spartan Revolution Ancient Sources Herodotus, Histories 1.65-6 Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus 5-10; 13-18; 24-29 Tyrtaeus (Fragments) Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaemonians (abridged) Aristotle, Politics 1269a-1271b Thucydides 4.80 Thucydides 5.23.3 Xenophon, Hellenica Opinions of Modern Scholars From Paul Cartledge, "Rebels and Sambos in Classical Greece: A Comparative View" From Richard Talbert, "The role of the Helots in the class struggle at Sparta" Chapter 4: Solon's Constitution Ancient Sources Solon (Selections) Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 5-12 Aristotle, Politics 1273b35-1274a22; 1296a1-22 Plutarch, Life of Solon, 13-18 Opinions of Modern Scholars From C. Hignett, A History of the Athenian Constitution to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. From G.E.M. de Ste. Croix, Athenian Democratic Origins: and other essays Chapter 5: Greek Strategy in the Persian War Ancient Sources Herodotus, Histories, 7.138-45, 175, 182-4; 207, 213, 217-19; 222-25; 228; 8.4-15, 18, 21,40-2; 49- 52; 56-63; 71-76, 78-83 The Themistocles Decree Plutarch, Life of Themistocles, 9-10 Opinions of Modern Scholars From Peter Green, The Greco-Persian Wars From J. F. Lazenby, The Defence of Greece 490-479 B.C. Chapter 6: What was the Nature and Importance of Greek Slavery Ancient Sources Xenophon, Memorabilia 2.8.1-5 Xenophon, Memorabilia 2.7.1-4 Demosthenes, 27.9 Demosthenes 36.4-5, 11 Aeschines, Against Timarchus1.97 Lysias, For Callias 5 Thucydides 7.27 Xenophon, Ways and Means (Poroi) 4.14 "Old Oligarch" (Pseudo-Xenophon), Constitution of the Athenians 1.10-12 Plato, Republic, 562b-563b Aristotle, Politics 1252b-1255a Isocrates, Panegyricus 4.150-152, 181-182 Opinions of Modern Scholars A.H.M. Jones, The Economic Basis of the Athenian Empire Bruce Thornton, Greek Ways Chapter 7: The Role of Women in Ancient Greece Ancient Sources Hesiod, Theogony 560-615; Works and Days 44-105 Semonides, "Pedigree of Women" Sophocles, Antigone 445-525 Euripides, Medea 230-250 Thucydides 2.45.2 Plato, Menexenus 234a-249e Lysias I, On the Murder of Eratosthenes, 6-27, translated by W.R.M. Lamb Xenophon, Oeconomicus, 3.10-15; 7.22-31 Plato, Republic Aristotle, Politics Opinions of Modern Scholars A.W. Gomme, "The Position of Women in Athens in the Fifth Fourth Centuries B.C." John Gould, "Law, Custom and Myth: Aspects of the Social Position of Women in Classical Athens" Joan Breton Connelly, Women and Ritual in Ancient Greece Chapter 8: Periclean Athens Ancient Sources Thucydides, 2.35-46 Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians, 26-28 Pseudo-Xenophon, Constitution of the Athenians, 1-3 Plato, Gorgias, 515-517 Plutarch, Pericles, 9, 11-12, 14-16, 31-35, 37 Opinions of Modern Scholars From Georg Busolt, Griechische Geschichte, translated by Donald Kagan From Malcolm McGregor, "The Politics of the Historian Thucydides" From Paul A. Rahe, Republics Ancient and Modern Chapter 9: The Unpopularity of the Athenian Empire Ancient Sources Thucydides 1.88-101; 112-117 Thucydides 3.10 Thucydides 6.82 Thucydides 1.75-76 Thucydides 2.63 Diodorus 11.70 Pseudo-Xenophon, The Constitution of the Athenians, 1, 3 Thucydides, 3.26-28; 35-50 Thucydides, 8.1-2 Thucydides, 8.68 Thucydides, 1.22.1 Thucydides, 8.97.2 Opinions of Modern Scholars From G.E.M. de Ste. Croix, "The Character of the Athenian Empire" From Donald W. Bradeen, "The Popularity of the Athenian Empire" Chapter 10: The Causes of the Peloponnesian war Ancient Sources Thucydides 1.18-19; 23 Thucydides 1.31-44 Thucydides 1.66-67; 86-88 Plutarch, Pericles 29-32 Diodorus Siculus 12.38-40 Opinions of Modern Scholars From Victor Davis Hanson, A War Like No Other From G.E.M. de Ste. Croix,The Origins of the Peloponnesian War From Donald Kagan, The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War Chapter 11: Was Socrates Guilty? Ancient Sources Aristophanes, Clouds 86-153 Plato, Apology of Socrates [abridged] Xenophon, Memorabilia 1.1-3; 1.2.1-2; 1.2.6-7; 1.29, 12-16; 1.2.24; 1.2.29-33; 4.7.6; 4.8.4-11 Opinions of Modern Scholars From Mogens Herman Hansen, The Trial of Sokrates - From the Athenian Point of View Paul Cartledge - Democracy Reaffirmed Chapter 12: Demosthenes versus Philip of Macedon Ancients Sources Plutarch, Demosthenes, 12-21 Demosthenes, Third Philippic Oration, translated by A.W. Pickard-Cambridge Opinions of Modern Scholars J. G. Droysen, Geschichte des Hellenismus,Vol.1, pp.31-34,translated by Donald Kagan A.W. Pickard-Cambridge, Demosthenes George Cawkwell, Philip of Macedon Chapter 13: Alexander the Great Ancient Sources Arrian: History of Alexander 4.9-19 Arrian: History of Alexander 7.4.4-7.6.5 Arrian: History of Alexander 7.8.1-3; 7.10.5; 7.11.1-7.12.4 Plutarch: Moralia, 329A-D Fragments of the Lost Alexander Historians Opinions of Modern Scholars From W. W. Tarn, "Alexander the Great and the Unity of Mankind" From W. W. Tarn, Alexander the Great 1 From A. B. Bosworth, "Alexander and the Iranians" From Peter Green, Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.: A Historical Biography From Paul Cartledge, "Alexander the Man"
DONALD KAGAN is Sterling Professor of History and Classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received the A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, the M.A. in classics from Brown University, and the Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. During 1958 to 1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright Scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four volume history of the Peloponnesian war, TheOrigins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); and a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995) and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is coauthor, with Frederick W. Kagan of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humanities to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004. GREGORY VIGGIANO received his Ph.D. in Classics from Yale University. He is an Assistant Professor in the history department at Sacred Heart University, where he teaches courses on ancient Greece and Rome, and Western Civilization. He is currently co-editing a book on Ancient Greek Hoplite Warfare with Donald Kagan.