Editorial 05 Helen Castle About the Guest-Editor 06 Patrik Schumacher Introduction Parametricism 2.0: Gearing Up to Impact the Global Built Environment 08 Patrik Schumacher Parametric Computation: History and Future 18 John Frazer Parametric Notations: The Birth of the Non-Standard 24 Mario Carpo Antoni Gaudi and Frei Otto: Essential Precursors to the Parametricism Manifesto 30 Mark Burry Behavioural Complexity: Constructing Frameworks for Human-Machine Ecologies 36 Theodore Spyropoulos Upgrading Computational Design 44 Shajay Bhooshan Behavioural Production: Autonomous Swarm-Constructed Architecture 54 Robert Stuart-Smith The Art of the Prototypical 60 Marc Fornes Parametricism's Structural Congeniality 68 Philippe Block Computational Material Culture 76 Achim Menges Relational Urban Models: Parameters, Values and Tacit Forms of Algorithms 84 Enriqueta Llabres and Eduardo Rico Parametric Regionalism 92 Philip Yuan `Super-Natural'Parametricism in Product Design 100 Ross Lovegrove Advancing Social Functionality Via Agent-Based Parametric Semiology 108 Patrik Schumacher Hegemonic Parametricism Delivers a Market-Based Urban Order 114 Patrik Schumacher Parametrising the Social 124 Manuel DeLanda Counterpoint: A Hospice for Parametricism 128 Mark Foster Gage Contributors 134
Patrik Schumacher has been a designer at Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) since 1988. He is a partner of the practice as well as a co-author of all major projects such as the MAXXI: Museum of XXI Century Arts (Rome, 2009), Guangzhou Opera House (China, 2010), Heydar Aliyev Centre (Baku, Azerbaijan, 2007-) and the Dongdaemun Design Park and Plaza (Seoul, 2014). He has been teaching at various architectural schools in the UK, continental Europe and the US since 1992, and held the John Portman Chair in Architecture at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design (GSD) in 2013. He is founder of the AA Design Research Laboratory (AA DRL), where he has continued to teach since 1996. In 2010 and 2012 he published the two volumes of his theoretical magnum opus The Autopoiesis of Architecture with John Wiley & Sons.