Offers new insights into the development of Judaism and early Christianity.
ContentsAcknowledgments Introduction To the Reader Lists of Abbreviations The Septuagint Emanuel Tov The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha James Kugel The Writings of Philo David Runia The Writings of Josephus Louis H. Feldman The Dead Sea Scrolls Lawrence H. SchiffmanThe Bible Translated into Greek (the Septuagint) Introduction to the Septuagint Selections Emanuel Tov Genesis 11 Emanuel Tov Deuteronomy 32 Emanuel Tov Joshua 20 Emanuel Tov Joshua 24 Emanuel Tov Selections from Samuel-Kings Emanuel Tov 1 Samuel 1 1 Samuel 2 1 Kings 2 1 Kings 5 1 Kings 11 Selections from Jeremiah Emanuel Tov Jeremiah 10 Jeremiah 27 Jeremiah 43 Proverbs 1 Emanuel Tov Selections from Esther Emanuel Tov Esther 1 Esther 3 Esther 8 Additions to Esther Michael V. Fox Job 34 Emanuel Tov Daniel 4 Emanuel Tov Additions to Daniel Matthias Henze The Story of Susanna and the Elders Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Jews Bel and the Dragon 1 Esdras Sara JaphetSustained Biblical Commentaries: Retellings and Pesharim Commentary on Genesis A George J. Brooke Ages of Creation Andrew Gross The Book of Giants Loren Theo Stuckenbruck Genesis Apocryphon Matthew J. Morgenstern and Michael Segal Admonition Based on the Flood Alex P. Jassen Jubilees James L. Kugel Pseudo-Jubilees James L. Kugel Pseudo-Philo, Book of Biblical Antiquities Howard Jacobson Pseudo-Daniel John J. Collins Son of God John J. Collins Pesher Nahum Shani Berrin Tzoref Pesher Habakkuk Bilhah NitzanGreek Jewish Interpreters Demetrius the Chronographer Lorenzo DiTommaso Artapanus Erich S. Gruen Eupolemus Gregory E. Sterling Pseudo-Eupolemus Gregory E. Sterling Pseudo-Hecataeus Bezalel Bar-Kochva Theodotus, "On the Jews" Howard Jacobson Philo the Epic Poet Harold W. Attridge Ezekiel the Tragedian Howard Jacobson Pseudo-Orpheus David Aune Pseudo-Philo, On Samson and On Jonah Aram Topchyan and Gohar Muradyan The Biblical Interpretations of Philo Questions and Answers on Genesis and Exodus Aram Topchyan and Gohar Muradyan On the Creation of the World David T. Runia Allegorical Interpretation Maren R. Niehoff On the Life of Abraham Ellen Birnbaum On the Migration of Abraham Peder Borgen On the Life of Moses Maren R. Niehoff On the Decalogue Sarah J.K. Pearce On the Special Laws Naomi G. CohenThe Biblical Interpretations of Josephus's Jewish Antiquities Preface to Jewish Antiquities Louis H. Feldman Creation Louis H. Feldman The Flood Louis H. Feldman Abraham Journeys to Canaan and Egypt Louis H. Feldman The Akedah Louis H. Feldman Joseph and Potiphar's Wife Louis H. Feldman The Rape of Dinah Louis H. Feldman Moses's Campaign against the Ethiopians Louis H. Feldman The Sending of the Spies Louis H. Feldman The Revolt of Korah Louis H. Feldman The Story of Balaam Louis H. Feldman The Death of Moses Louis H. Feldman Mosaic Constitution David Goldenberg The Altar across the Jordan Silvia Castelli The Levite and His Wife Silvia Castelli Deborah Silvia Castelli Jephthah's Vow Silvia Castelli Birth of Samson Silvia Castelli Marriage of Ruth and Boaz Silvia Castelli Massacre at Nob Silvia Castelli God Rejects Saul Silvia Castelli The Witch of Endor Silvia Castelli The Death of Saul Silvia Castelli David Kills Goliath Silvia Castelli David and Bathsheba Silvia Castelli Death of Absalom Silvia Castelli Solomon's Wisdom (The Case of the Two Harlots) Pablo Torijano Phoenician Writings on Solomon's Wisdom Pablo Torijano Solomon's Magical Powers Pablo Torijano Solomon's Prayer (at the Temple's Dedication) Pablo Torijano The Return from Exile Paul Spilsbury Esther Paul SpilsburyInterpretive Texts Centering on Biblical Figures Life of Adam and Eve Gary Anderson 1 Enoch Miriam Brand Apocalypse of Abraham Alexander Kulik Melchizedek Joseph L. Angel Aramaic Levi Document Michael E. Stone and Esther Eshel Visions of Amram Andrew Gross Song of Miriam Sidnie White Crawford Apocryphon of Joshua Miriam Zangi and Hanan Eshel The Vision of Samuel Andrew Gross Pseudo-Ezekiel Devorah Dimant The Apocryphon of Ezekiel Benjamin G. Wright III Letter of Jeremiah Steven Fraade 1 Baruch Steven Fraade 2 Baruch Adam H. Becker 3 Baruch Yivgeny Zingerman Prayer of Nabonidus John J. Collins 4 Ezra Karina Martin HoganTestaments Testament of Abraham Annette Yoshiko Reed Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs James L. Kugel Testament of Moses Kenneth Atkinson Testament of Kohath Andrew Gross Testament of Job Harold W. AttridgePrayers and Psalms Psalms of Solomon Kenneth Atkinson Self-Glorification Hymn Esther Eshel Daily Prayers Daniel K. Falk Festival Prayers Daniel K. Falk Words of the Luminaries Daniel K. Falk Angelic Liturgy Michael Swartz Thanksgiving Hymns (Hodayot) Angela Kim Harkins Apocryphal Psalms Eileen Schuller Non-Canonical Psalms Eileen Schuller Greek Synagogal Prayers Pieter W. van der Horst Prayer of Enoch James Kugel Prayer of Manasseh Esther G. Chazon Prayer for King Jonathan Hanan EshelWisdom Writings Wisdom of Solomon Peter Enns Wisdom of Ben Sira Benjamin Wright Pseudo-Phocylides, Sentences Pieter W. van der Horst 4 Maccabees David A. deSilva Wisdom Literature from the Qumran Library Armin Lange Wiles of the Wicked Woman Armin Lange Words of the Maskil to All Sons of Dawn Armin Lange Book of Mysteries Armin Lange Beatitudes Armin Lange Instruction-like Composition B Armin Lange Musar LeMevin Armin LangePhilosophical Treatises of Philo On the Virtues Walter Wilson On the Contemplative Life David M. Hay and David T. Runia The Hypothetica Gregory E. SterlingStories Set in Biblical and Early Post-Biblical Times Joseph and Aseneth Patricia Ahearne-Kroll Judith Betsy Halpern-Amaru Tobit George Nickelsburg 4 Baruch Pablo Torijano 3 Maccabees Sara Raup JohnsonHistorical Writings Pertaining to Post-Biblical Times The Letter of Aristeas Erich S. Gruen 1 Maccabees Lawrence H. Schiffman 2 Maccabees Daniel R. Schwartz Jewish War: Excursus on Jewish Groups: Albert I. Baumgarten Against Apion John M. BarclaySectarian Texts: Community, Law, and the End of Days Rule of the Community Alex Jassen Damascus Document Joseph L. Angel Temple Scroll Lawrence H. Schiffman Some Precepts of the Torah Lawrence H. Schiffman War Scroll Jean Duhaime New Jerusalem Joseph L. Angel Notes Books of the Bible: The Traditional Hebrew (Masoretic Text) and the Septuagint List of Second Temple Literature Writings of Philo Writings of Josephus Apocrypha Pseudepigrapha Primary Documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls Contributors General Subject Index
LOUIS H. FELDMAN (1926-2017) was Wouk Family Professor of Classics and Literature Emeritus at Yeshiva University, where he taught since 1955. Feldman's many publications include Josephus and Modern Scholarship; Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World; and Josephus's Interpretation of the Bible. A leading scholar of ancient Judaism and Hellenistic culture, Feldman is associate editor of Classical Weekly, managing editor of Classical World, and former editor of Hellenistic Literature for the Encyclopedia Judaica.JAMES L. KUGEL is professor of Bible at Bar-Ilan University in Israel and the former Starr Professor of Hebrew Literature at Harvard University. Kugel specializes in the Hebrew Bible, the history of biblical exegesis, and the study of ancient Judaism. His many books include How to Read the Bible; The God of Old; and The Bible as It Was.LAWRENCE H. SCHIFFMAN is professor of Judaic studies and vice provost of undergraduate education at Yeshiva University. Schiffman is former chair of New York University's Skirball Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies and Ethel and Irvin A. Edelman Professor Emeritus of Hebrew and Judaic Studies. Schiffman is a leading scholar of ancient Judaism with special interest in the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls. In addition to his many publications, he is the coeditor of the Oxford Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls and editor of The Dead Sea Scrolls: Fifty Years after Their Discovery.The Contributors: Patricia Ahearne-Kroll, Gary A. Anderson, Joseph L. Angel, Kenneth Atkinson, Harold W. Attridge, David E. Aune , John M. Barclay, Bezalel Bar-Kochva, Albert I. Baumgarten, Adam H. Becker, Ellen Birnbaum , Peder Borgen, Miryam T. Brand, George J. Brooke, Silvia Castelli, Esther G. Chazon, Naomi G. Cohen, John J. Collins, Sidnie White Crawford, David A. deSilva, Devorah Dimant, Lorenzo DiTommaso, Jean Duhaime, Peter Enns, Esther Eshel, Hanan Eshel, Daniel K. Falk, Louis H. Feldman, Michael V. Fox, Steven D. Fraade, David M. Goldenberg, Andrew D. Gross, Erich S. Gruen, Betsy Halpern-Amaru , Angela Kim Harkins, David M. Hay, Matthias Henze, Karina Martin Hogan, Howard Jacobson, Sara Japhet, Alex P. Jassen, Sara Raup Johnson, James L. Kugel, Alexander Kulik, Armin Lange, Matthew J. Morgenstern, Gohar Muradyan, George W. E. Nickelsburg, Maren R. Niehoff , Bilhah Nitzan, Sarah Judith Pearce, Annette Yoshiko Reed, David T. Runia, Lawrence H. Schiffman, Eileen Schuller, Daniel R. Schwartz, Michael Segal, Paul Spilsbury , Gregory E. Sterling, Michael E. Stone, Loren Theo Stuckenbruck, Michael D. Swartz, Aram Topchyan, Pablo Torijano, Emanuel Tov, Shani Berrin Tzoref, Pieter W. van der Horst, Walter T. Wilson, Benjamin G. Wright III, Miriam Zangi, and Yevgeniy Y. Zingerman .
"Breathtaking in its scope and eminently satisfying in its execution, Outside the Bible will prove to be an indispensable reference for every scholar of the Hebrew Bible, Second Temple Judaism, the New Testament, and early Christianity. With introductions to and translations of the mass of noncanonical Jewish writings produced from the Exile up to the Mishnah, by an eminent group of internationally renowned scholars, here we have a resource that will meet scholarly needs for generations to come." - Bart D. Ehrman, James A. Gray Professor, Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill "Outside the Bible is a well-conceived and magnificently executed answer to the question of what Jews were reading in the centuries before and after the Common Era. High-quality English translations appear for each document, along with sufficient material to place these documents within their original contexts and to provide insight into their meaning. We are thus able, as it were, to enter into arguments and expositions from antiquity, many of which are virtually unknown within today's Jewish communities and even within academic circles. Such far-reaching scholarship may lead us not only to rethink our past but also to reconsider our present and future possibilities." - Leonard Greenspoon, Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization and professor of classical and Near Eastern studies and of theology, Creighton University