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The Ottoman Empire had reached the peak of its power, presenting a very real threat to Western Christendom when in 1683 it suffered its first major defeat, at the Siege of Vienna. Tracing the empire’s conflicts of the next two centuries, The Ottoman Wars: An Empire Besieged examines the social transformation of the Ottoman military system in an era of global imperialism
Spanning more than a century of conflict, the book considers challenges the Ottoman government faced from both neighbouring Catholic Habsburg Austria and Orthodox Romanov Russia, as well as - arguably more importantly – from military, intellectual and religious groups within the empire. Using close analysis of select campaigns, Virginia Aksan first discusses the Ottoman Empire’s changing internal military context, before addressing the modernized regimental organisation under Sultan Mahmud II after 1826.
Featuring illustrations and maps, many of which have never been published before, The Ottoman Wars draws on previously untapped source material to provide an original and compelling account of an empire near financial and societal collapse, and the successes and failures of a military system under siege. The book is a fascinating study of the decline of an international power, raising questions about the influence of culture on warfare.
Dr. Virginia Aksan is Associate Professor in the Department of History at McMaster University, Ontario, Canada. She has written fornumerous journals and is the author of An Ottoman Statesman in War and Peace: Ahmed Resmi Efendi, 1700-1783 (1995).
Contents 1. The Political Map of Eastern Europe circa 1700 2. The Ottoman System 3. From Prut to Belgrade:Illusions of Success & Failure 4. The Austrian-Russian-Ottoman Danube Waltz, 1768-1792 5. Selim III and the New Order 6. The Internal and External Challenges to Selim III 7. Mahmud II and the New Absolutism 8. The Auspicious Occasion and its Consequences 9. An Empire Returns to War 10. From Tanzimat to Crimean War 11. Completing the Northern Arc
This book provides an account of the Ottoman Wars against the backdrop of local context and through the profiles of key figures.
Virginia Aksan is Assistant Professor at McMaster University, Canada. She is passionate about recovering the lives and histories of the people who lived at the time of the Ottoman Empire and this was reflected in her first book, about an Ottoman ambassador, An Ottoman Statesman in War and Peace: Ahmed Resmi Efendi 1700-1783 (1995).