Part I. Theory and Foundational Concepts Chapter 1. Perspectives in Motor Behavior Defining Terms in Motor Behavior Motor Control Motor Learning Motor Development Summary Learning Aids Chapter 2. Understanding Movement Control Reaction Time Attention Arousal Sensory Contributions Memory Summary Learning Aids Chapter 3. Theoretical Constructs in Motor Behavior Information-Processing Theory Ecological Approach Dynamic Systems Approach Summary Learning Aids Chapter 4. Stages of Skill Acquisition Mountain of Motor Development Motor Learning Stages Link to Dynamic Systems Approach Practical Use of the Learning Models Summary Learning Aids Chapter 5. Assessing Motor Learning Indicators of Motor Skill Learning Performance and Learning Tests Games Classification for Promoting Transfer Promoting Positive Transfer for Any Motor Skill Summary Learning Aids Part II. Life Span Physical Activity and Movement Chapter 6. Infant Motor Development Prenatal Development Sensory Capabilities Early Movements Infants at Risk Assessment Summary Learning Aids Chapter 7. Fundamental Skills in Childhood Fundamental Movement Skills Fundamental Locomotor and Manipulative Skills Summary Learning Aids Chapter 8. Movement in Adulthood Aging Physical Activity Peak Athletic Performance Movement Patterns Summary Learning Aids Part III. Functional and Structural Constraints Chapter 9. Physical Development Nature and Nurture Physical Growth and Maturation Body System Constraints Summary Learning Aids Chapter 10. Physical Aging Skeletal System Muscular System Aerobic Capacity Cardiovascular System Nervous System Endocrine System Body Composition Sensory Systems Summary Learning Aids Chapter 11. Cognitive Development Intellectual Development Types of Knowledge Attention Memory Sport Expertise Summary Learning Aids Chapter 12. Psychosocial and Social-Affective Development Psychosocial Constraints Social-Affective Constraints Self-Regulation Summary Learning Aids Chapter 13. Psychosocial and Cognitive Factors in Adulthood Psychosocial Factors Cognitive Function Summary Learning Aids Part IV. Designing Developmentally Appropriate Programs Chapter 14. Physical, Affective, and Instructional Factors Gold Standards Versus Variability Physical Factors Affective Factors Instructional Factors Summary Learning Aids Chapter 15. Prepractice Considerations Goal Setting Demonstrations Verbal Instruction Directing Attention and Providing Guidance Summary Learning Aids Chapter 16. Practice Amount of Practice Variable Practice Contextual Interference Effect Practice Specificity Part and Whole Practice Mental Practice and Imagery Distribution of Practice Summary Learning Aids Chapter 17. Feedback Functions of Feedback Types and Modalities of Feedback Providing Effective Feedback Summary Learning Aids Chapter 18. Devising a Plan Ecological Task Analysis Case Studies Summary Learning Aids
Pamela S. Haibach-Beach, PhD, is a professor in the department of kinesiology, sport studies, and physical education (KSSPE) at the College at Brockport, State University of New York. Haibach-Beach earned her doctorate in kinesiology with an emphasis in motor behavior from Pennsylvania State University under the advisement of Dr. Karl M. Newell. She is the coordinator of the kinesiology major and the study abroad program in the KSSPE department. Haibach-Beach's research focuses on motor learning, motor development, and balance, including those of developing individuals, individuals with disabilities, and other special populations. Haibach-Beach regularly presents and conducts workshops at national and international conferences related to motor behavior. She is founder and codirector of the Institute of Movement Studies for Individuals With Visual Impairments (IMSVI). Haibach-Beach serves as an elected board member for the American Kinesiology Association (AKA) and also chairs the AKA publications committee. She is a former president of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) Motor Development and Learning Academy and is a member of the International Federation for Adapted Physical Activity (IFAPA), the Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE America), International Society of Motor Control (ISMC), and the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA). Active in her community, Haibach-Beach serves as a cochair for an active-community initiative called Walk! Bike! Brockport! and is a Brockport Lions Club member. In her free time, Haibach-Beach enjoys being physically active and spending time outdoors. She, her husband, and her two children reside in Brockport, New York. As both a researcher and a mother, she enjoys experiencing the growth and development of her two children. Gregory D. Reid, PhD, is a professor emeritus in the department of kinesiology and physical education at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. A former elementary school physical education teacher and longtime youth coach in ice hockey and baseball, Reid obtained his graduate education in adapted physical activity, motor learning, and special education at the University of California (UCLA) and Pennsylvania State University. As a teacher and researcher, he maintained a strong focus on theory-to-practice applications. Reid's research covered performance, learning, and development; spanned children to older adults; and included an emphasis of individuals with and without disabilities. In addition to his teaching and research, Reid supervised practicum experiences of undergraduates teaching individuals with disabilities. He is a former undergraduate and graduate program director and chair of the department of kinesiology and physical education at McGill University. In 1997, Reid received the G. Lawrence Rarick Research Award from AAHPERD's National Consortium for Physical Education and Recreation for Individuals with Disabilities. He was elected an international member of the American Academy of Kinesiology in 1999. He is also a fellow of the International Federation of Adapted Physical Activity (IFAPA) and the 2015 recipient of their Elly D. Friedmann Professional Contribution Award. Reid and his wife, Carol, reside in Sainte-Adele, Quebec. They have two grown sons, Drew and Tyler. In his free time Reid enjoys hiking, bicycling, cross-country and downhill skiing, and reading novels. And he never tires of observing the motor development and learning accomplishments of his grandchildren, Jacob, Chloe, and Ethan. Douglas H. Collier, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of kinesiology, sport studies, and physical education at the College at Brockport, State University of New York. Collier was a delegate to the Jasper talks (1985), a significant policy workshop that became the catalyst to Collier's career-long interest in motor development. For the past three decades, his research agenda has examined various facets of motor development that pertain to the education of typically developing children and those with identifiable disabilities. He is also interested in positive and proactive solutions to challenging behavior in school-age learners. Collier has presented his research at multiple national and international conferences concerned with the study of motor development and pedagogy. Over the course of his 24-year career in higher education, Collier has served in multiple leadership positions at local, state, and national levels. He is a member of the North American Federation of Adapted Physical Activity (NAFAPA), the Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE America), and the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA). Collier holds a doctorate in human performance from Indiana University, where he studied under the advisement of Drs. Dale Ulrich, Beverly Ulrich, and Esther Thelen. In his free time, Collier enjoys racket sports, photography, and canoeing. He and his wife, Christine, reside in Brockport, New York. They have two grown daughters, Robin and Shannon.