Salman Rushdie's nine earlier books include Midnight's Children (which won the Booker Prize and the James Tait Black Prize), Shame (awarded the French Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger) and East, West, all published in paperback by Vintage. is novel The Satanic Verses won the Whitbread Prize for Best Novel, and Haround and the Sea of Stories won a Writers' Guild Award. Salman Rushdie received Germany's Author of the Year Award in 1989 for The Satanic Verses. In 1993, Midnight's Children was adjudged the 'Booker of Bookers', the best novel to have won the Booker in its first twenty-five years. In the same year he was awarded the Austrian State Prize for European Literature. He is an Honorary Professor in the Humanities at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. He books have been published in twenty-five languages.