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Microsoft Windows Home Server 2011 Unleashed

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1 Part I Unleashing Windows Home Server Configuration Chapter 1 Setting Up Your Windows Home Server Network 7 Configuring Windows Home Server for Networking 8 Do You Need to Change the Windows Home Server Workgroup Name? 8 Configuring Windows Home Server with a Static IP Address 8 Setting Up Windows Home Server as a DHCP 11 Connecting Windows Home Server to a Windows 7 Homegroup 13 Viewing the Windows Home Server Network 14 Troubleshooting Network Problems 14 Checking Connection Status 15 Checking Network Utilization 17 Repairing a Network Connection 17 Working with the Network and Internet Troubleshooter 19 Troubleshooting Cables 20 Troubleshooting the Network Interface Card 21 Handling Multiple Network Subnets 24 Making a Remote Desktop Connection to the Server 26 Making Sure That Windows Home Server Is Ready to Host 26 Making the Connection to the Server 27 Disconnecting from the Server 27 From Here 28 Chapter 2 Setting Up and Working with User Accounts 29 Understanding Security Groups 9 Adding a New User 32 Setting the Password Length and Complexity 32 Customizing the Password Length Requirement 33 Building a Strong Password 34 Changing the Password on the Client 35 Adding the User Account 36 Automating Client Logons 39 Modifying User Accounts 41 Viewing Account Properties 42 Changing the Account Password 43 Disabling a User Account 44 Enabling a User Account 45 Removing a User Account 46 Adding a User to a Group 46 Allowing a User to Log On to the Windows Home Server Desktop 47 From Here 48 Chapter 3 Adding Devices to the Windows Home Server Network 49 Installing Windows Home Server Connector on the Client Computers 49 Supported Operating Systems 50 Preparing to Install Windows Home Server Connector 51 Running the Windows Home Server Connector Setup Program 51 Using a Mac on Your Windows Home Server Network 53 Connecting to the Windows Home Server Network 54 Running the Windows Home Server MacConnector Setup Program on Your Mac 55 Mounting a Windows Home Server Shared Folder 56 Using a Mac to Make a Remote Desktop Connection to Windows Home Server 59 Letting Windows Computers See Your Mac Shares 61 Using a Linux Client on Your Windows Home Server Network 65 Viewing the Windows Home Server Network in Ubuntu 65 Letting Windows Computers See Your Ubuntu Shares 66 Adding Other Devices to the Network 72 Adding an Xbox 360 to the Network 72 From Here 73 Chapter 4 Configuring Windows Home Server 75 Running the Windows Home Server Launchpad 76 Running the Windows Home Server Dashboard 77 Changing the Date and Time on Windows Home Server 79 Setting the Current Date and Time 79 Synchronizing the Date and Time with a Time Server 81 Selecting the Windows Home Server Region 83 Changing the Region in the Windows Home Server Dashboard 83 Customizing the Region Formats 83 Configuring Windows Update 85 Configuring Windows Update 85 Updating Windows Home Server 87 Changing the Windows Home Server Password. 88 Restarting or Shutting Down Windows Home Server 89 Configuring the Windows Home Server Startup 89 Configuring Startup with the Advanced Boot Options Menu 90 Configuring Startup with the System Configuration Editor 92 Launching Applications and Scripts at Startup 94 From Here 98 Chapter 5 Setting Up and Using Home Server Storage 99 Understanding Storage in Windows Home Server 2011 99 Server Storage on a One-Drive System 100 Server Storage on a System with Two or More Drives 102 Working with Server Backup Drives 103 Adding a Drive for Server Backups 103 Removing a Server Backup Drive 106 Who Needs Drive Extender? Implementing Spanning, Mirroring, and RAID 107 Creating a Storage Pool Using a Spanned Volume 107 Creating Data Redundancy Using Mirrored Volumes 111 Mimicking Drive Extender by Creating a RAID 5 Volume 112 Repairing Storage 115 From Here 116 Part II Unleashing Windows Home Server Networking Chapter 6 Sharing Folders and Files on the Home Server 117 Examining the Predefined Windows Home Server Shares 118 Setting User Permissions on Shared Folders 118 Modifying Permissions for a Windows Home Server Shared Folder 119 Sharing Server Folders Outside the Dashboard 120 Working with Shared Folders 123 Creating a New Shared Folder 123 Moving a Shared Folder 124 Accessing Previous Versions of Shared Folders or Files 125 Deleting a Shared Folder 127 Accessing the Windows Home Server Shared Folders 127 Understanding the Universal Naming Convention 128 Mapping a Shared Folder to a Local Drive Letter 130 Disconnecting a Mapped Network Folder 132 Creating a Network Location in Windows 7 and Windows Vista 132 Creating a Network Place in Windows XP 133 Accessing Shared Folders on Your Mac 135 Copying Files to a Shared Folder 135 Publishing a Windows Vista Calendar to the Server 136 Publishing Your Calendar 137 Subscribing to a Calendar 138 Working with Shared Calendars 140 Searching the Shared Folders 140 From Here 145 Chapter 7 Making Connections to Network Computers 147 Configuring a Computer as a Remote Desktop Host 148 Configuring a Windows 7 or Vista Host 149 Configuring an XP Host 150 Restricting the Computers That Can Connect to the Host 151 Connecting via Remote Desktop Connection 153 Getting the Client Computer Ready 153 Making the Connection to the Remote Desktop 153 Disconnecting from the Remote Desktop 158 Connecting via Windows Home Server Remote Web Access 158 Configuring Users for Remote Access 159 Activating Remote Web Access on the Server 160 Displaying the Remote Web Access Page 160 Making the Connection 162 Disconnecting from the Host 163 Connecting via the Internet 163 Connecting with Your Router's IP Address 164 Connecting with a Domain Name Maintained by a Dynamic DNS Service 168 Connecting with a Domain Name Maintained by Windows Home Server 169 Displaying the Remote Web Access Home Page 172 Connecting to a Network Computer 173 Working with Windows Home Server Shares in the Web Browser 173 Enabling Drag-and-Drop Uploading 176 Customizing the Remote Web Access Pages 177 Customizing the Logon Page 178 Adding Web Page Links 179 From Here 182 Chapter 8 Streaming and Sharing Digital Media 183 Streaming Digital Media 184 Getting Your Devices Ready 184 Activating the Windows Home Server Media Server 186 Playing Streamed Media in Windows Media Player 188 Playing Streamed Media in Windows Media Center 190 Streaming Digital Media Over the Internet 191 Sharing Photos 193 Customizing the Pictures Share with a Template 193 Using Server Pictures as a Screensaver Slideshow 194 Adding the Pictures Folder to Windows Media Player 195 Adding the Pictures Folder to Windows Live Photo Gallery 196 Adding the Pictures Folder to Windows Photo Gallery 197 Running a Slide Show from the Pictures Share 198 Changing the Default Picture Import Location to Windows Home Server 198 Sharing Music 198 Customizing the Music Share with a Template 199 Adding the Music Folder to Windows Media Player 200 Changing the Default Rip Location to Windows Home Server 200 Sharing Videos 201 Customizing the Videos Share with a Template 201 Adding the Videos Folder to Windows Media Player 202 Archiving Recorded TV on Windows Home Server 204 From Here 207 Chapter 9 Backing Up and Restoring Network Computers 209 Understanding Windows Home Server's Backup Technology 210 Single Instance Storage 210 No Backup Types 211 Smarter Backups 211 Client Computer Backup Retention 212 Improvements to Client Backups in Windows Home Server 2011 212 Converting Client Partitions to NTFS 213 Format the Partition as NTFS 214 Run the CONVERT Utility 214 Configuring Windows Home Server Backups 215 Configuring the Backup Time 215 Configuring Client Computer Backup Retention 216 Configuring a Computer for Backup 217 Excluding a Disk Drive from a Backup 218 Excluding Folders from a Backup 219 Adding a New Hard Drive to a Backup 220 Turning Off Backups for a Computer 221 Configuring Time Machine to Back Up Your Mac 222 Running a Manual Backup 223 Cancelling a Running Backup 224 Backing Up Other Systems to Windows Home Server 224 Working with Backups 224 Viewing a Computer's List of Backups 226 Viewing Backup Details 227 Preventing Windows Home Server from Deleting a Backup 230 Cleaning Up Old Backups 230 Creating a Bootable USB Recovery Key 231 Repairing a Client's Backups 232 Restoring Network Backups 232 Restoring Backed-Up Files 233 Restoring a Computer to a Previous Configuration 235 From Here 237 Chapter 10 Monitoring Your Network 239 Monitoring the Network Status with the Launchpad Icon 239 Monitoring the Icon Color 240 Monitoring Network Health Alerts 240 Monitoring Windows Home Server with the Alert Viewer 242 Monitoring the Windows Home Server Shares 245 Launching the Computer Management Snap-In 245 Viewing the Current Connections 246 Viewing Connections to Shared Folders 247 Viewing Open Files 248 Closing a User's Session or File 249 Monitoring Remote Desktop Sessions 249 Starting the Remote Desktop Services Manager 250 Viewing Remote Desktop Sessions 250 Sending a Message to a Remote Desktop Client 252 Disconnecting a Remote Desktop Session 253 Monitoring Users via Task Manager 254 From Here 256 Chapter 11 Implementing Windows Home Server Security 257 Enabling Security Auditing on Windows Home Server 257 Activating the Auditing Policies 258 Understanding the Auditing Policies 259 Tracking Auditing Events 266 More Ways to Secure Windows Home Server 270 Renaming the Administrator Account 271 Hiding the Username in the Log On Dialog Box 271 Making Sure Windows Firewall Is Turned On 272 Disabling the Hidden Administrative Shares 274 Securing Network Computers 275 Monitoring Home Computer Security 275 Thwarting Spyware with Windows Defender 276 Protecting Yourself Against Email Viruses 280 Implementing Parental Controls 282 Creating Accounts for the Kids 282 Avoiding Phishing Scams 285 Sharing a Computer Securely 288 Implementing Wireless Network Security 290 From Here 292 Chapter 12 Setting Up a Windows Home Server Website 293 Understanding the Windows Home Server Default Website 294 Viewing the Default Web Application Folders 294 Viewing the Default IIS Website 296 Viewing the Default Website with Internet Information Services Manager 297 Adding Folders and Files to the Default Website 298 Adding a File to a Default Website Folder 298 Adding a Folder to the Default Website 299 Creating a New Website 301 Creating a New Website Using a Different IP Address 302 Creating a New Website Using a Different Port 307 Creating a New Website Using a Host Header 312 Configuring a Website 314 Modifying the Website Bindings 314 Giving a Website Multiple Identities 315 Changing the Website Location 316 Setting the Default Content Page 317 Disabling Anonymous Access 319 From Here 320 Chapter 13 Running a SharePoint Site on Windows Home Server 321 Installing and Configuring Windows SharePoint Foundation 2010 322 Downloading and Installing Windows SharePoint Foundation 2010 322 Running the Initial Windows SharePoint Foundation 2010 Configuration 323 Creating a New SharePoint Web Application 323 Creating a Top-Level SharePoint Site 325 Deleting the Default SharePoint Web Application 328 Restarting the Windows Home Server Default Website 329 Adding a Firewall Exception for the SharePoint Web Application Port 329 Forwarding the SharePoint Port in Your Router 330 Adding Users to the Top-Level SharePoint Site 331 Logging On to the Top-Level SharePoint Site 332 Adding Sites to SharePoint 333 Adding a Top-Level Site 335 Adding a Subsite 335 Working with Site Settings 337 Customizing a Site 337 Working with Users 342 Working with Groups 345 Working with Permissions 347 Deleting a Site 349 Creating Content for a SharePoint Site 350 Storing Images in a Picture Library 350 Tracking Appointments with a Calendar 352 Maintaining a List of Contacts 353 Keeping a List of Web Page Links 355 Deleting Content from a Site 355 From Here 56 Chapter 14 Patching Home Computers with WSUS 357 Installing WSUS 358 Configuring WSUS 359 Synchronizing Updates 361 Connecting Home Computers to WSUS 363 Approving Updates 364 Approving Updates by Hand 365 Approving Updates Using a Rule 365 From Here 367 Part III Unleashing Windows Home Server Performance and Maintenance Chapter 15 Tuning Windows Home Server Performance 369 Monitoring Performance 369 Monitoring Performance with Task Manager 370 Monitoring Performance with Resource Monitor 382 Monitoring Performance with Performance Monitor 384 Optimizing the Hard Disk 391 Examining Hard Drive Performance Specifications 391 Performing Hard Drive Maintenance 391 Disabling Compression and Encryption 391 Turning Off Windows Search 392 Enabling Write Caching 392 Optimizing Virtual Memory 393 Storing the Paging File Optimally 393 Customizing the Paging File Size 394 Watching the Paging File Size 394 Changing the Paging File's Location and Size 395 Optimizing Applications 396 Adding More Memory 397 Optimizing Application Launching 397 Getting the Latest Device Drivers 397 Setting the Program Priority in Task Manager 397 More Optimization Tricks 398 Adjusting Power Options 398 Eliminate the Use of Visual Effects 399 Optimizing Windows Home Server for Services 400 Upgrading Your Device Drivers 401 From Here 405 Chapter 16 Maintaining Windows Home Server 407 Checking System Uptime 408 Displaying Uptime with the Task Manager 408 Displaying Uptime with the SYSTEMINFO Command 408 Displaying Uptime with Performance Monitor 408 Displaying Uptime with a Script 409 Checking Your Hard Disk for Errors 411 Understanding Clusters 412 Understanding Lost Clusters 413 Understanding Invalid Clusters 413 Understanding Cross-Linked Clusters 413 Understanding Cycles 413 Understanding Windows Home Server's Automatic Disk Checking 414 Running Check Disk 414 Checking Free Disk Space on the System Drive 416 Deleting Unnecessary Files from the System Drive 419 Defragmenting the System Drive 422 Reviewing Event Viewer Logs 424 Setting Up a Maintenance Schedule 425 From Here 426 Chapter 17 Troubleshooting Windows Home Server 427 Replacing Your System Hard Drive 428 Determining the System Hard Drive 428 Replacing the System Drive 429 Checking for Solutions to Problems 430 Understanding Troubleshooting Strategies 432 Did You Get an Error Message? 432 Does an Error or Warning Appear in the Event Viewer Logs? 433 Does an Error Appear in System Information? 433 Did You Recently Edit the Registry? 434 Did You Recently Change Any Windows Settings? 434 Did Windows Home Server "Spontaneously" Reboot? 434 Did You Recently Change Any Application Settings? 437 Did You Recently Install a New Program? 437 Did You Recently Install a New Device? 438 Did You Recently Install an Incompatible Device Driver? 438 Did You Recently Apply an Update from Windows Update? 438 Did You Recently Install a Windows Home Server Update? 439 General Troubleshooting Tips 440 Troubleshooting Using Online Resources 440 Troubleshooting Device Problems 442 Troubleshooting with Device Manager 442 Troubleshooting Device Driver Problems 445 Tips for Downloading Device Drivers 446 Verifying Digitally Signed Files 447 Troubleshooting Startup 448 When to Use the Various Advanced Startup Options 448 Using Safe Mode 448 Using Safe Mode with Networking 449 Using Safe Mode with Command Prompt 449 Using Enable Boot Logging 449 Using Enable VGA Mode 450 Using Last Known Good Configuration 450 Using Directory Services Restore Mode 450 Using Debugging Mode 451 What to Do If Windows Home Server Won't Start in Safe Mode 451 Troubleshooting Startup Using the System Configuration Utility 451 From Here 454 Part IV Unleashing Windows Home Server Advanced Tools Chapter 18 Working with the Windows Home Server Registry 455 Starting the Registry Editor 456 Navigating the Registry 457 Navigating the Keys Pane 457 Understanding the Registry Settings 458 Getting to Know the Registry's Root Keys 459 Understanding Hives and Registry Files 461 Keeping the Registry Safe 463 Backing Up the Registry 463 Protecting Keys by Exporting Them to Disk 463 Working with Registry Entries 466 Changing the Value of a Registry Entry 466 Renaming a Key or Setting 472 Creating a New Key or Setting 473 Deleting a Key or Setting 473 Finding Registry Entries 473 From Here 474 Chapter 19 Using Windows Home Server's Command-Line Tools 477 Getting to the Command Line 477 Running CMD 478 Opening a Folder in a Command Prompt Session 481 Working at the Command Line 483 Running Commands 483 Working with Long Filenames 484 Changing Folders Faster 485 Taking Advantage of DOSKEY 486 Redirecting Command Output and Input 488 Piping Commands 491 Understanding Batch File Basics 492 Creating Batch Files 493 REM: Adding Comments to a Batch File 493 ECHO: Displaying Messages from a Batch File 494 PAUSE: Temporarily Halting Batch File Execution 495 Using Batch File Parameters 495 FOR: Looping in a Batch File 496 GOTO: Jumping to a Line in a Batch File 497 IF: Handling Batch File Conditions 498 Working with the Command-Line Tools 501 Working with Disk Management Tools 501 Working with File and Folder Management Tools 506 Working with System Management Tools 518 From Here 531 Chapter 20 Using Other Windows Home Server Power Tools 533 Using the Local Group Policy Editor 533 Working with Group Policies 534 Customizing the Windows Security Screen 537 Customizing the Places Bar 539 Increasing the Size of the Recent Documents List 541 Enabling the Shutdown Event Tracker 544 Getting More Out of Control Panel 546 Reviewing Control Panel Icons 546 Understanding Control Panel Files 550 Alternative Methods for Opening Control Panel Icons 552 Putting a Control Panel Submenu on the Start Menu 554 Removing an Icon from Control Panel 554 Showing Only Specified Control Panel Icons 556 Configuring the Microsoft Management Console 557 Launching the MMC 560 Adding a Snap-In 560 Saving a Console 562 Creating a Custom Taskpad View 562 Controlling Snap-Ins with Group Policies 565 Controlling Services 566 Controlling Services with the Services Snap-In 566 Controlling Services at the Command Prompt 569 Controlling Services with a Script 570 Setting Up a Fax Server 574 Adding the Fax Server Role 574 Configuring a Shared Fax Printer 575 Starting the Fax Service Manager 576 Configuring the Fax Modem 576 Starting Windows Fax and Scan 577 Sending a Fax 578 Receiving Faxes 580 From Here 584 Chapter 21 Scripting Windows Home Server 585 Understanding Windows Script Host 586 Running Scripts 587 Running Script Files Directly 588 Using WScript for Windows-Based Scripts 588 Using CScript for Command-Line Scripts 590 Script Properties and .wsh Files 590 Programming Objects 592 Working with Object Properties 592 Working with Object Methods 593 Assigning an Object to a Variable 595 Working with Object Collections 595 Programming the WScript Object 597 Displaying Text to the User 597 Shutting Down a Script 598 Scripting and Automation 598 Programming the WshShell Object 603 Referencing the WshShell Object 604 Displaying Information to the User 604 Running Applications 608 Working with Shortcuts 609 Working with Registry Entries 611 Working with Environment Variables 613 Programming the WshNetwork Object 615 Referencing the WshNetwork Object 615 WshNetwork Object Properties 616 Mapping Network Printers 616 Mapping Network Drives 616 Programming the Windows Management Instrumentation Service 617 Referencing the WMI Service Object 618 Returning Class Instances 618 From Here 622 Part V Appendixes Appendix A Glossary 625 Appendix B Windows Home Server Keyboard Shortcuts 639 Appendix C Windows Home Server Online Resources 649 Windows Home Server Websites 649 Windows Home Server Blogs 650 Windows Home Server for Developers 651 Index 653

About the Author

Paul McFedries is a Windows expert and full-time technical writer. He has been authoring computer books since 1991 and has more than 70 books to his credit, which combined have sold more than four million copies worldwide. His recent titles include the Sams Publishing book Windows 7 Unleashed and the Que Publishing books Networking with Microsoft Windows Vista and Tweak It and Freak It: A Killer Guide to Making Windows Run Your Way. Paul is also the proprietor of Word Spy (, a website devoted to lexpionage, the sleuthing of new words and phrases that have entered the English language. Please drop by Paul's website at, or follow Paul on Twitter at and

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