Chapters 1-2 start out with a general introduction to the changes in the field observed in the last 8 years since the second edition. We have invited a highly respected author in the field, close to retirement, to give his view of the changes in the field and a prospect for the coming years. Chapters 3-9 discuss the ecology, diversity and function of microbes and of microbial genes in the ocean. One of the chapters focuses on the smallest primary producers, and one on the viruses. Chapters 10 and 11 deal with the structure of the microbial ecosystem, discussing in particular the sources of carbon for microbial growth. Chapters 12 14 deal with the biology and ecology of some model organisms, on how we can model the whole of the marine microbes and discusses some of the trophic roles that have changed in the last years. Finally, Chapter 15 deals with the role of microbes in the oceanic P cycle, as the role in the N cycle was already addressed in the previous book editions. Ch# Topic Lead Author Address 1 Overview & outlook J. Gasol and D. Kirchman U. Delaware 2 An evolving field F. Azam Scripps I. Oceanogr. 3 Developments in phytoplankton ecology Z. Finkel Mount Allison U., Canada 4 Microbial diversity as seen by high-throughput sequencing C. Pedros-Alio ICM-CSIC, Spain 5 Metagenomes of the ocean F. Lauro* UNSW, Australia 6 Expression of microbial functions R.M. Morris* Oregon State U. 7 Microbial ecology of the dark Ocean G.J. Herndl U. Vienna, Austria 8 Microbial ecology of highly stratified oceanic basins K. Jurgens IOW, Germany 9 The ocean viriome M. Sullivan U. Arizona 10 Diversity of oceanic organic matter T. Dittmar U. Oldenburg, Germany 11 The microscale and microbial behavior R. Stocker MIT, Cambridge 12 Model organisms in marine microbial ecology J. Pinhassi Kalmar U., Sweden 13 Modelling marine microbes M. Follows MIT, Cambridge 14 Revised trophic roles of microbes M.V. Zubkov NOC, UK 15 The microbially mediated P cycle S. Dhyrman Woods Hole O.I.
About the Editors Josep M. Gasol is a Research Professor at the Institut de Ciencies del Mar, CSIC, in Barcelona, Spain. David L. Kirchman is a Professor in the School of Marine Science and Policy at the University of Delaware, USA.