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Preface.List of Contributors.1 Mechanistic Aspects of Metal-Catalyzed C,C- and C,X-Bond-Forming Reactions (Antonio M. Echavarren and Diego J. Cardenas).1.1 Mechanisms of Cross-Coupling Reactions.1.2 Formation of C,C-Bonds in the Palladium-Catalyzed alpha-Arylation of Carbonyl Compounds and Nitriles.1.3 Key Intermediates in the Formation of C-X (X = N, O, S) bonds in Metal-Catalyzed Reactions 251.3.1 Reductive Elimination of C-N, C-O, and C-S Bonds From Organopalladium(II) Complexes.1.4 Summary and Outlook.Abbreviations.References.2 Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions of Organoboron Compounds with Organic Halides (Norio Miyaura).2.1 Introduction.2.2 Advances in the Synthesis of Organoboron Compounds.2.3 Reaction Mechanism.2.4 Reaction Conditions.2.5 Side Reactions.2.6 Reactions of B-Alkyl Compounds.2.7 Reactions of B-Alkenyl Compounds.2.8 Reactions of B-Aryl Compounds.2.9 Reactions of B-Allyl and B-Alkynyl Compounds.2.10 Reactions Giving Ketones.2.11 Dimerization of Arylboronic Acids.2.12 N-, O-, and S-Arylation.Abbreviations.References.3 Organotin Reagents in Cross-Coupling Reactions (Terence N. Mitchell).3.1 Introduction.3.2 Mechanism and Methodology.3.3 Natural Product Synthesis.3.4 Organic Synthesis.3.5 Polymer Chemistry.3.6 Inorganic Synthesis.3.7 Conclusions.3.8 Experimental Procedures.Abbreviations.References.4 Organosilicon Compounds in Cross-Coupling Reactions (Scott E. Denmark and Ramzi F. Sweis).4.1 Introduction.4.2 Modern Organosilicon-Cross-Coupling.4.3 Mechanistic Studies in Silicon-Cross-Coupling.4.4 Applications to Total Synthesis.4.5 Summary and Outlook.4.6 Experimental Procedures.Abbreviations.References.5 Cross-Coupling of Organyl Halides with Alkenes: The Heck Reaction (Stefan Brase and Armin de Meijere).5.1 Introduction.5.2 Principles.5.3 Cascade Reactions and Multiple Couplings.5.4 Related Palladium-Catalyzed Reactions.5.5 Enantioselective Heck-Type Reactions.5.6 Syntheses of Heterocycles, Natural Products and Other Biologically Active Compounds Applying Heck Reactions.5.7 Carbopalladation Reactions in Solid-Phase Syntheses.5.8 The Heck Reaction in Fine Chemicals Syntheses.5.9 Conclusions.5.10 Experimental Procedures.Acknowledgments.Abbreviations and Acronyms.References.6 Cross-Coupling Reactions to sp Carbon Atoms (Jeremiah A. Marsden and Michael M. Haley).6.1 Introduction.6.2 Alkynylcopper Reagents.6.3 Alkynyltin Reagents.6.4 Alkynylzinc Reagents.6.5 Alkynylboron Reagents.6.6 Alkynylsilicon Reagents.6.7 Alkynylmagnesium Reagents.6.8 Other Alkynylmetals.6.9 Concluding Remarks.6.10 Experimental Procedures.Acknowledgments.Abbreviations and Acronyms.References.7 Carbometallation Reactions (Ilan Marek, Nicka Chinkov, and Daniella Banon-Tenne).7.1 Introduction.7.2 Carbometallation Reactions of Alkynes.7.3 Carbometallation Reactions of Alkenes.7.4 Zinc-Enolate Carbometallation Reactions.7.5 Carbometallation Reactions of Dienes and Enynes.7.6 Carbometallation Reactions of Allenes.7.7 Conclusions.7.8 Experimental Procedures.Acknowledgments.References.8 Palladium-Catalyzed 1,4-Additions to Conjugated Dienes (Jan-E. Backvall).8.1 Introduction.8.2 Palladium(0)-Catalyzed Reactions.8.3 Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Reactions.References.9 Cross-Coupling Reactions via PI-Allylmetal Intermediates (Uli Kazmaier and Matthias Pohlman)9.1 Introduction.9.2 Palladium-Catalyzed Allylic Alkylations.9.3 Allylic Alkylations with Other Transition Metals.9.4 Experimental Procedures.Abbreviations.References.10 Palladium-Catalyzed Coupling Reactions of Propargyl Compounds (Jiro Tsuji and Tadakatsu Mandai).10.1 Introduction.10.2 Classification of Pd-Catalyzed Coupling Reactions of Propargyl Compounds.10.3 Reactions with Insertion into the sp2 Carbon Bond of Allenylpalladium Intermediates (Type I).10.4 Transformations via Transmetallation of Allenylpalladium Intermediates and Related Reactions (Type II).10.5 Reactions with Attack of Soft Carbon and Oxo Nucleophiles on the sp-Carbon of Allenylpalladium Intermediates (Type III).10.6 Experimental Procedures.Abbreviations.References.11 Carbon-Carbon Bond-Forming Reactions Mediated by Organozinc Reagents (Paul Knochel, M. Isabel Calaza, and Eike Hupe).11.1 Introduction.11.2 Methods of Preparation of Zinc Organometallics.11.3 Uncatalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions.11.4 Copper-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions.11.5 Transition Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions.11.6 Conclusions.11.7 Experimental Procedures.Abbreviations.References.12 Carbon-Carbon Bond-Forming Reactions Mediated by Organomagnesium Reagents (Paul Knochel, Ioannis Sapountzis, and Nina Gommermann).12.1 Introduction.12.2 Preparation of Polyfunctionalized Organomagnesium Reagents via a Halogen-Magnesium Exchange.12.3 Conclusions.12.4 Experimental Procedures.References.13 Palladium-Catalyzed Aromatic Carbon-Nitrogen Bond Formation (Lei Jiang and Stephen L. Buchwald).13.1 Introduction.13.2 Mechanistic Studies.13.3 General Features.13.4 Palladium-Catalyzed C-N Bond Formation.13.5 Vinylation.13.6 Amination On Solid Support.13.7 Conclusion.13.8 Representative Experimental Procedures.References.14 The Directed ortho-Metallation (DoM) Cross-Coupling Nexus. Synthetic Methodology for the Formation of Aryl-Aryl and Aryl-Heteroatom-Aryl Bonds (Eric J.-G. Anctil and Victor Snieckus).14.1 Introduction.14.2 The Aim of this Chapter.14.3 Synthetic Methodology derived from the DoM-Cross-Coupling Nexus.14.4 Applications of DoM in Synthesis.14.5 Conclusions and Prognosis.14.6 Selected Experimental Procedures.Abbreviations.References and Notes.15 Palladium- or Nickel-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling with Organometals Containing Zinc, Aluminum, and Zirconium: The Negishi Coupling (Ei-ichi Negishi, Xingzhong Zeng, Ze Tan, Mingxing Qian, Qian Hu, and Zhihong Huang).15.1 Introduction and General Discussion of Changeable Parameters.15.2 Recent Developments in the Negishi Coupling and Related Pd- or Ni-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions.15.3 Summary and Conclusions.15.4 Representative Experimental Procedures.References.Index.
Armin de Meijere studied chemistry at the universities of Freiburg and Gottingen and obtained his doctorate at the latter. Following postdoctoral training under Kenneth B. Wiberg at Yale University in New Haven, USA, he returned to Gottingen in 1971 to gain his lectureship qualification. He became Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Hamburg in 1977, and took up the same chair at the University of Gottingen in 1989, where he is currently the Dean of the Faculty of Chemistry. Armin de Meijere has been visiting professor at universities in the USA, Israel, Italy, France, as well as at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. He was elected a member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters in 1992, and in 1996 received the Alexander von Humboldt-Gay Lussac Prize of the French Ministry for Higher Education and Research. In 1997 he was elected member of the Braunschweigische Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, and as an Honorary Professor of the St. Petersburg State University, Russia. He is editor or member of the Editorial Board for a number of scientific journals, periodicals and books, while his own achievements have been published in over 520 publications. Francois Diederich was born in 1952 in Luxembourg. He received his doctorate in 1979 from the University of Heidelberg and subsequently pursued postdoctoral studies at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). After his postdoctoral qualification at the Max-Planck-Institut fur medizinische Forschung, he joined the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at UCLA in 1985 where he became a full professor four years later. In 1992, he moved to the ETH Zurich as a member of the Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences. Professor Diederich's research interests, documented in more than 420 publications, range from medicinal chemistry with a focus on molecular recognition studies, to advanced fullerene and acetylene-based materials with novel optoelectronic properties.
"...a valuable resource for scientists, instructors and graduate students in the areas of organometallic synthesis." (E-STREAMS, June 2006) "...covers the important developments in cross-coupling methodology...highly recommended." (CHOICE, September 2005) "...will be widely appreciated and should be the book to which researchers refer to expand their knowledge of metal-catalyzed cross-coupling chemistry and its usefulness." (Journal of the American Chemical Society, July 20, 2005)