PART ONE: INTRODUCTION.THE PLEASURES OF POETRYRobert Frost, Dust of SnowTHE ACT OF READINGRaymond Carter, Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second YearEmily Dickinson, Much Madness is divinest SenseAdrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer s TigersTHE ELEMENTS OF POETRYSPEAKER AND SITUATIONLangston Hughes, Mother to SonWalt Whitman, When I heard the Learn d AstronomerDICTIONRobert Francis, PitcherRobert Fitzgerald, Cobb Would Have Caught ItGwendolyn Brooks, We Real CoolWilliam Wordsworth, I wandered lonely as a cloudIMAGERYRobert Browning, Meeting at NightLutz Rathenow, For Uwe Gressmann (translated by Boria Sax)Elizabeth Bishop, First Death in Nova ScotiaFIGURATIVE LANGUAGEGertrude Stein, A PetticoatN. Scott Momday, A SimileSylvia Path, MetaphorsWilliam Shakespeare, That time of year thou may st in me beholdWilliam Carlos Williams, Winter TreesSYMBOLRobert Frost, Nothing Gold Can StayALLUSIONWilliam Blake, Mock on, Mock on, Voltaire, RousseauTONEC.P. Cavafy, As Much As You Can (translated by Rae Dalven)Alexander Pushkin, Old Man (translated by Babette DeutschTheodore Roethke, My Pap s WaltzStephen Crane, War Is KindA.E. Housman, Is my team plowing?Thomas Hardy, The Ruined MaidSYNTAXAlexander Pope from An Essay on Mane.e. cummings, Me up at doesSOUNDSRobert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy EveningHelen Chasin, The Word PlumGerald Manley Hopkins, In the Valley of the ElwyRHYTHM AND METERRobert Frost, The Span of LifeLouis Simpson, The HeroesSTRUCTURE: CLOSED FORM AND OPEN FORMLangston Hughes, My People and I, too, sing AmericaEdna St. Vincent Millay, Love is not all: it is not meat nor drink and What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and whyTHEMEEmily Dickinson, Crumbling is not an instant s ActElizabeth Bishop, One ArtVISUAL POETRYFrancis Quarles, Emblem IIIGeorge Herbert, The Altare.e. cummings 1(aReinhold Dohl, Pattern Poem with an Elusive IntruderGuillaume Apollinaire, La Tour Eiffel/The Eifell Tower (translated by Adelia Willimas)Mirror/Mirror (translated by Adelia Williams)John Hollander, Swan and ShadowMay Swenson, How Everything HappensPOETRY AND ARTWilliam Blake, The Sick RoseHenri Matisse, The DanceNatalie Safir, Matisse s DanceAnne Sexton, The Starry NightRobert Fagles, The Starry NightVincent van Gogh, The Starry NightX.J. Kennedy, Nude Descending a StaircaseMarcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a StaircaseJan Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water JugStephen Mitchell, VermeerWilliam Carlos Williams, Landscape with the Fall of IcarusPieter Breughel the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of IcarusW.H. Auden, Musee des Beaux ArtsAnne Sexton, To a Friend Whose Work Has Come to TriumphOvid, the Story of Daedalus and Icarus (translated by Rolfe Humphries)Vinnie-Marie D Ambrosio, The Painter Yearning for her LakeSuzanne Gilliard, Still Life with Tiger LilliesRainer Maria Rilke, Archais Torso of Apollo (translated by Stephen Mitchell)Jorie Graham, San SepolcroPiero della Francesca, Madonna del PartoRuth F. Eisenberg, Coventry CathedralAnonymous, Stained Glass Windows, Coventry CathedralCathy Song, Girl Powdering Her NeckKitagawa Utamaro, Girl Powdering Her NeckPOETRY AND MUSICAnonymous, Summer is icumen in and Barbara AllanThomas Campion, There is a garden in her faceBen Johnson, To CeliaIsaac Watts, Our God, Our HelpRobert Burns, Auld Lang SyneJohn Newton, Amazing GraceGiuseppe Verdi/Victor Hugo, La Donna E Mobile (Woman is Fickle) and Libretto by Francesco PiaveEdward Arlington Robinson, Richard CoryLangston Hughes, Same in BluesBillie Holiday and Arthur Herzog, Jr., God Bless the ChilsBessie Smith, Lost Your Head BluesWoody Guthrie, This Land Is Your LandEcclesiastes 3:1-8, To every thing there is a seasonPete Seeger, Turn! Turn! Turn!Dan Maclean, VincentPART TWO: POEMS IN ENGLISH:Caedmon, Caedmon s HymnAnonymous, The Seafarer (translated by Ezra Pound)Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-1400), Canterbury Tales: from The General Prologue and The Pardoner s Prologue and TaleAnonymous Lyrics, Adam lay ibounden, I sing of a maydenAnonymous, Westron wynde/Western windBallads, Edward and The Three RavensJohn Skelton (1460-1529), To Mistress Margaret HusseyThomas Wyatt (1503-1542), They Flee from me, Whoso list to huntHenry Howard, Earl of Surrey (1517-1547), The soote seasonQueen Elizabeth I (1533-1603), When I was fair and youngEdmund Spenser (1552-1618), The Nymph s Reply to the ShepherdSir Philip Sidney (1553-1586), from Astrophel and Stella: Loving in Truth, Thou blind man s markChidiock Tichborne (c. 1558-1586) Tichborne s ElegyRobert Southwell (c.156101595) The Burning BabeMichael Drayton (1563-1631) Since there s no help, come let us kiss and partChristopher Marlowe (1564-1593), The Passionate Shepherd to His LoveWilliam Shakespeare (1564-1616)Sonnets: Shall I compare thee to a summer s day?, When in disgrace with Fortune and men s eye, Not marble, nor the gilded monuments, Since brass, nor stone, nor earth, nor boundless sea, No longer mourn for me when I am dead, They that have pow r to hurt and will do none, Th expense of spirit in a waste of shame, My Mistress eyes are nothing like the sun, Poor soul, the center of my sinful earthSongs: When daisies pied (Love s Labour s Lost), Under the greenwood (As You Like It), Blow, blow, thou winter wind (As You Like It), It was a lover and his lass (As You Like It), Oh mistress mine! (Twelfth Night), When that I was and a little tiny boy (Twelfth Night), Fear no more the heat o the sun (Cymbeline) Full fathom five (The Tempest)Soliloquies: All the world s a stage (As You Like It), Now is the winter of our discontent (Richard III), O mighty Caesar! (Julius Casesar), Friends, Romans, countrymen (Julius Caeser), Once more unto the breach (Henry V), If we are marked to die (Henry V), Is this a dagger which I see before me (Macbeth), It is the cause, it is the cause (Othello), O that this too too sullied flesh would melt (Hamlet), To be, or not to be (Hamlet), O reason not the need! (King Lear), Our revels now are ended (The Tempest)Thomas Campion, I care not for these ladies, My Sweetest Lesbia, let us live and loveThomas Nashe (1567-1601) A Litany in Time of PlagueJohn Donne (1572-1631) Song (Go, and catch a falling star), The Indifferent, The Sun Rising, The Anniversary, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, A Nocturnal upon St. Lucy s Day Being the Shortest Day, The Canonization, Lover s Infiniteness, The Flea, The Ecstasy, Elegy XIX: To His Mistress Going to Bed, Batter my heart, three-personed God, Death, be not proud, Hymn to God the Father, Hymn to God My God, in My SicknessBen Johnson (1572-1637) Still to be neat, still to be dressed, Come, me Celia, On My First Daughter, On My First Son, To PenshurstRobert Herrick (1591-1674) Delight in Disorder, Upon Julia s Clothes, To the Virgins, to Make Much of TimeHenry King (1592-1669) The ExequyGeorge Herbert (1593-1633) The Pulley, The Collar, Denial, VirtueJames Shirley (1596-1666) Th glories of our blood and stateThomas Carew (c. 1596-1640) Song (Ask me no more where Jove bestows)Edmund Waller (1606-1687) Song (Go, lovely rose!)John Milton (1608-1674) Lycidas, L Allegro, Il Penseroso, When I consider how my light is spent, On the Late Massacre in Piedmont, Methought I saw my late espoused saint, from Paradise Lost, Books I, III, IVSir John Suckling (1609-1642) Out upon It!Anne Bradstreet (1612-1672) Before the Birth of One of Her ChildrenAbraham Cowley (1618-1657) To Althea, from PrisonAndrew Marvell (1621-1678) A Dialogue Between the Soul and Body, The Definition of Love, To His Coy Mistress, The GardenHenry Vaughan (1621-1695) They are all gone into the world of light!John Dryden (1631-1700) A Song for St. Cecilia s DayAnne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea (1661-1720) A Nocturnal ReverieJonathan Swift (1667-1745) A Description of the Morning, The Lady s Dressing RoomAlexander Pope (1688-1744) Ode on Solitude, from An Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock, Epistle to Miss Blount, from An Essay on ManThomas Gray (1716-1771) Elegy Written in a Country ChurchyardOliver Goldsmith (1730-1774) When lovely woman stoops to follyWilliam Blake (1757-1827) The Echoing Green, The Chimney Sweeper (Innocence), The Chimney Sweeper (Experience), The Tyger, The Clod & the Pebble, The Garden of Love, A Poison Tree, London, from The Marriage of Heaven and Hell: Proverbs of Hell, from Milton: And did those feet, Auguries of InnocenceRobert Burns (1759-1796) A Red, Red RoseWilliam Wordworth (1770-1850) Lines, To My Sister, She dwelt among the untrodden ways, A slumber did my spirit seal, My heart leaps up, The Solitary Reaper. The world is too much with us, It is a beauteous evening, She was a Phantom of delight, Ode: Intimations of Immorality, from The Prelude, Books I,V,XIISamuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) Kubla Khan, Dejection: An OdeGeorge Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824) She walks in beauty, The Destruction of SennacheribPercy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) Ozymandias, To a Skylark, Ode to the West WindJohn Keats (1795-1821) On First Looking into Chapman s Horner, On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again, Why did I Laugh tonight?, Bright Star, When I have fears that I may cease to be, La Belle Dame sans Merci, Ode to a Nightingale, Ode to a Grecian Urn, Ode on Melancholy, To AutumnRalph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) BrahmaElizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) How do I love thee? Let me count the waysEdward FitzGerald from The Rubaiyat of Omar KhayyamOliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) The Chambered NautilusEdgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) To Helen, The Raven, Annabel LeeAlfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) Mariana, The Lotus-Eaters, Break, break, break, Ulysses, Tithonus, Tears, idle tears, Now sleeps the crimson petal, Come down, O maid, from In Memoriam A.H.H., The Eagle: A Fragment, Crossing the BarRobert Browning (1812-1889) My Last Duchess, Porphryia s Lover, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister, The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed s Church, Andrea del SartoEdward Lear (1812-1888) The Owl and the Pussy-catEmily Bronte (1818-1848) RemembranceWalt Whitman (1819-1892) One s Self I Sing, There was a child went forth every day, from Song of Myself, Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, Calvary Crossing a Ford, Bivouac on a Mountain Side, Vigil strange I kept on the field one night, A sight in camp in thje daybreak gray and dim, The Wound-Dresser, The Dalliance of the Eagles, A noiseless patient spider, When lilacs last in the dooryard bloom d, Good-bye Fancy!Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) Dover BeachGeorge Meredith (1828-1909) Lucifer in StarlightDante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882) Barren SpringChristina Georgina Rossetti (1830-1894) RememberEmily Dickinson (1830-1886) 326. I cannot dance upon my Toes, 303. The Soul selects her own Society, 199. I m wife I ve finished that, 241. I like a look of Agony, 249. Wild Nights Wild Nights!, 258. There s a certain Slant of light, 280. I felt a Funeral, in my Brain, 341. After great pain, a formal feeling comes, 419. We grow accustomed to the Dark, 449. I died for Beauty but was scarce, 465. I heard a Fly Buzz when I died, 536. The Heart asks Pleasure first, 599. There is a pain so utter, 650. Pain has an element of Blank, 712. Because I could not stop for Death, 744. Remorse is Memory awake, 754. My Life had stood a Loaded Gun, 986. A narrow Fellow in the Grass, 1078. The Bustle in a House, 1100. The last Night that She lived, 1129. Tell all the Truth but tell it slant, 1624. Apparently with no surprise, 1732. My life closed twice before its closeLewis Carroll (1832-1898) JabberwockyThomas Hardy (1840-1928) Neutral Tones, Channel Firing, The Man He Killed, The Oxen, During Wind and RainGerald Manley Hopkins (1844-1889) God s Grandeur, The Windhover, Pied Beauty, Spring, The Wreck of the Deutschland, Spring and Fall: To a Young Child, Binsey Poplars, Inversnaid, As kingfishers catch fire, dragonflies draw flame, I wake and feel the fell of dark, not fay, Carrion Comfort, No worst, there is none, Thou art indeed just, LordA.E.Housman (1859-1963) To an Athlete Dying Young, With rue my heart is ladenWilliam Butler Yeats (1865-1939) The Lake Isle of Innisfree, When you are old, The Song of Wandering Aengus, Adam s Curse, No Second Troy, A Coat, The Scholars, The Wild Swans at Coole, An Irish Airman Foresees His Death, Easter, The Second Coming, A Prayer for My Daughter, Sailing to Byzantium, Leda and the Swan, Among School Children, Byzantium, Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop, Lapis Lazuli, The Circus Animals Desertion, Long-legged Fly, PoliticsErnest Dowson (1867-1900) Non sum qualis bonae sub regno CynaraeEdwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935) Miniver CheevyPaul Lawrence Dunbar (1872-1906) We wear the maskWalter de la Mare (1873-1956) The ListenersAmy Lowell (1874-1925) PatternsRobert Frost (1874-1963) Mowing, The Tuft of Flowers, Mending Wall, After Apple-Picking, The Road Not Taken, Birches, Hyla Brook, The Oven Bird, Out, Out , Putting in the Seed, Fire and Ice, For Once, Then, Something, To Earthward, The Need of Being Versed in Country Things, Two Look at Two, Once by the Pacific, On Looking up by Chance at the Constellations, Acquainted with the night, Tree at my window, Departmental, Desert Places, Design, Neither Out For Nor In Deep, Provide, Provide, The Silken Tent, The Most of ItJohn Masefield (1878-1967) CargoesCarl Sandburg (1878-1967) ChicagoWallace Stevens (1879-1955) The Poems of Our Climate, Peter Quince at the Clavier, Sunday Morning, The Snow Man, Anecdote of the Jar, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird, Bantams in Pine-Woods, The Idea of Order at Key West, from The Man with the Blue Guitar, of Modern Poetry, The house was quiet and the world was calmWilliam Carlos Williams (1883-1963) The Red Wheelbarrow, January Morning, The Last Words of My English Grandmother, Queen Anne s Lace, To Elsie, Spring and All, At the Ball Game, This Is Just to Say, To a Poor Old Woman, Nantucket, The Young Housewife, The Dance, A Sort of a Song, The Sparrow, from Paterson, Book II: Sunday in the Park D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930) Love on the Farm, Piano, Snake, The Elephant Is Slow to Mate, Humming-bird, When I read ShakespeareEzra Pound (1885-1972) In a Station of the Metro, The White Stag, Sestina: Altaforte, Portrait d une Femme, The Return, Epitaphs, The River-Merchant s Wife: A Letter, The Garden, A Pact, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley (Life and Contacts), Canto I: And then went down to the ship, Canto XIII: Kung walked, from Canto XLV: With usura, from Canto LXXXI: Yet/Ere the season died a-coldH.D. (Hilda Doolittle) (1886-1961) Heat, HelenMarianne Moore (1887-1972) The Fish, Poetry, Critics and Connisseurs, The Steeple-Jack, To a Snail, The Past Is the Present, The Monkeys, The Mind Is an Enchanting Thing, Nevertheless, ProprietyT.S. Eliot (1888-1965) The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, Preludes, Gerontion, The Waste Land, from Four Quarters: Little GiddingJohn Crowe Ransom (1888-1974) Bells for John Whiteside s Daughter, Piazza PieceClaude McKay (1890-1948) The Tropics in New YorkArchibald MacLeish (1892-1982) Ars PoeticaEdna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950) RecuerdoWilfred Owen (1893-1918) Dulce et Decorum Este.e. cummings (1894-1962) Buffalo Bill s, may i feel said he, anyone lived in a pretty how town, my father moved through dooms of love, i thank You God for most this amazingCharles Reznikoff (b. 1894) KaddishJean Toomer (1894-1967) ReapersRobert Graves (1895-1985) Down, wanton, down!, Symptoms of LoveLouise Bogan (1897-1970) WomenHart Crane (1899-1932) from The BridgeRobert Francis (1901-1987) CadenceLangston Hughes (1902-1967) The Negro Speaks of River, The Weary Blues, Mulatto, Trumpet Player, Ballad of the Landlord, Madam and the Rent Man, Dream Deferred, Theme for English BStevie Smith (1902-1971) Not Waving but DrowningCountee Cullen (1903-1946) IncidentRichard Eberhart (b. 1905) Love and KnowledgeW.H. Auden (1907-1973) The Unknown Citizen, In Memory of W. B Yeats, The Shield of AchillesA.D. Hope (b. 1907) Imperial AdamsTheodore Roethke (1908-1963) The Waking, Elegy for JaneCharles Olson (1910-1970) Maximus, to Gloucester, Sunday, July 19Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979) Sandpiper, The Fish, The Monument, The Unbeliever, Seascape, The Armadillo, Questions of Travel, Sestina, In the Waiting RoomRobert Hayden (1913-1980) Those Winter SundaysMuriel Rukeyser (1913-1980) MythRandall Jarrell (1914-1965) The Death of the Ball Turret GunnerHenry Reed (b. 1914) Chard Whitlow, Naming of PartsWilliam Stafford (b. 1914) Traveling through the darkDylan Thomas (1914-1953) The force that through the green fuse drives the flower, I see the boys of summer, And death shall have no dominion, The hunchback in th epark, A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London, Poem in October, Fern Hill, In my craft or sullen art, Do not go gentle into that good nightJudith Wright (b. 1915) Eve to Her DaughtersRobert Lowell (1917-1977) Skunk Hour, For the Union DeadGwendolyn Brooks (b. 1917) The MotherRobert Duncan (1919-1988) The DanceLawrence Ferlinghetti (b.1919) Constantly risking absurdityMay Swenson (b. 1919) Women, The CentaurCharles Bukowski (b. 1920) My FatherAmy Clampitt (b. 1920) Beach GlassHoward Nemerov (1920-1991) The War in the AirRichard Wilbur (b. 1921) MindMarie Ponsot (b. 1922) Summer SestinaPhilip Larkin )1922-1985) Church Going,A Study of Reading HabitsJames Dickey (b. 1923) The Dover Bitch: A Criticism of Life, More Light! More Light! Denise Levertov (b. 1923) O Taste and SeeLois Simpson (b. 1923) America Poetry, My father in the night commanding NoDonald Justice (b. 1925) In Bertram s Garden, Men at FortyKenneth Koch (b. 1925) Variations on a Theme by William Carlos Williams, You were wearingA.R. Ammons (b. 1926) Reflective, BonusRobert Bly (b. 1926) Driving to Town Late to Mail a LetterRobert Creeley (b. 1926) After Lorca, I Know a ManAllen Ginsberg (b. 1926) A Supermarket in CaliforniaJames Merrill (b. 1926) The Pier: Under PiscesFrank O Hara (1926-1966) Autobiographia LiterariaDavid Wagoner (b. 1926) Walking in the SnowW.S. Merwin (b. 1926) Separation, When you go away, ElegyGalway Kinnell (b. 1927) Saint Francis and the Snow, After Making Love We Hear FootstepsRuth F. Eisenberg (b. 1927) JocastaJohn Ashbery (b. 1927) The PainterJames Wright (1927-1980) Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy s Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota, A BlessingDonald Hall (b. 1928) My son, my executionerPhilip Levine (b. 1928) StarlightAnne Sexton (1928-1974) UsJohn Hollander (b. 1929) Adam s TaskX. J. Kennedy (b. 1929) Fist Confession, In a prominent bar in Secaucus one dayAdrienne Rich (b. 1929) Storm Warnings, Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law, The Knight, Orion, Planetarium, Trying to Talk with a Man, Diving into the Wreck, Rape, For an Album, from An Atlas of the Difficult WorldBruce Dawe (b. 1930) A Victorian Hangman Tells His LoveDerek Walcott (b. 1930) CodicilTed Hughes (b. 1930) Hawk RoostingGary Snyder (b. 1930) Prayer for the Great FamilySylvia Path (1932-1963) Black Rook in Rainy Weather, The Colossus, Elm, Daddy, Morning Song, Edge, Words, The Applicant, Lady Lazarus, Fever 103 degrees, Crossing the WaterPeter Meinke (b. 1932) Advice to My SonSandra Schor (1932-1990) At Point Hope on the Chukchi SeaJohn Updike (b. 1932) The MosquitoRobert Wallace (b. 1932) The Double-PlayImamu Amiri Baraka (b. 1934) Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide NoteAudre Lorde (b. 1934) Now That I Am Forever with ChildMary Oliver (b. 1934) Poem for My Father s GhostMark Strand (b. 1934) Eating Poetry, LeopardiLucille Clifton (b. 1936) Homage to My Hips, The Lost Baby PoemKathleen Fraser (b. 1937) Poem in Which My Legs Are AcceptedDiane Wakoski (b. 1937) Belly DancerMichael S. Harper (b. 1938) American HistoryCharles Simic (b. 1938) StoneJames Tyack (b. 1938) For NerudaMargaret Atwood (b. 1939) SpellingRaymond Carver (1939-1988) Late FragmentSeamus Heaney (b. 1939) Digging, Mid-Term Break, Death of a Naturalist, Bog Queen, The Grauballe Man, Punishment, Casualty, The Skunk, The Harvest Bow, from Glanmore Sonnets, from Station Island, from LighteningsRobert Pinsky (b. 1940) DyingRobert Haas (b. 1941) Meditation at LagunitasWesley McNair (b. 1941) The AbandonmentMarilyn Hacker (b. 1942) CanzoneTess Gallagher (b. 1943) KidnapperLouise Gluck (b. 1943) The GardenCraig Raine (b. 1944) A Martian Sends a Postcard HomeCathy Appel (b. 1948) LettersCarolyn Forche (b. 1950) The Memory of ElenaRoger Kamenetz (b. 1950) Christopher MagistoJorie Graham (b. 1951) MindJimmy Santiago Baca (b. 1952) from Meditations on the South ValleyRita Dove (b. 1952) CanaryAlice Fulton (b. 1952) Dance Script with Electric BallerinaAlberto Rios (b. 1952) A Dream of HusbandsGertrude Schnackenberg (b. 1952) SignsAskold Melnyczuk (b. 1954) The Enamel BoxCathy Song (b. 1955) Lost SisterPART THREE: POEMS FROM OTHER LANGUAGESHEBREW POETRYPsalm 23: The Lord is my shepherdExodus 15:1-18: Song of the SeaEcclesiates 1:2-11: Vanity of vanitiesIsaiah 11:1-16: There shall come forth a shootPsalm 13: How long, O Lord?Psalm 137: By the waters of BabylonSong of Songs 7:1-13: How graceful are your feet in sandalsJob 38:1-40:5: Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind (Translated by Stephen Mitchell)Solomon ibn Gabirol, In Praise of God (Translated by T. Carmi)Judah Halevi (c. 1071-c.1141) The Pure Lover (Translated by T. Carmi)Rahel Bluwstein (1890-1931) Only of myself I knew how to tell (Translated by Ruth Finer Mintz)David Vogel (1891-1944) My childhood cities (Translated by T. Carmi)Yocheved Bat-Miriam (b. 1901) Like this before you (Translated by Ruth Finer Mintz)Leah Goldberg (1911-1970) From My Mother s House (Translated by T. Carmi)Yehuda Amichai (b. 1924) A Pity. We Were Such a Good Invention (Translated by Asia Gutmann)Dalia Ravikovich (b. 1936) Mechanical Doll (Translated by T. Carmi)CHINESE POETRYAnonymous (Ch u Tz u) (c. 300) Th Lord among the Clouds (Translated by Burton Watson)Anonymous (Shih Ching) (c. 500) Near the East Gate (Translated by Heng Kuan)Li Po (701-762) Autumn Cove, Poem No. 19 in the Old Manner (Translated by Burton Watson)Tu Fu (712-770) Ballad of a Hundred Worries, Alone Looking for Blossoms Along the River (Translated by David Hinton)Li Ching-chao (1081- c. 1141) From a flower-carrying pole (Translated by Kenneth Rexroth and Ling Chung), Night comes (Translated by Burton Watson)Shen Yee-ping (1883-1968) Shutting the door of a tiny study (Translated by Rosabel Lu and Sandra Schor)Mao Tse-tung (1893-1976) Sixteen-Syllable Stanza (Translated by Kai-Yu Hsu)Li Chin-fa (b.c. 1900) A Thought (Translated by Kai-Yu Hsu)Tai Wang-shu (1905-1950) I Think (Translated by Kai-Yu Hsu)Bei Dao (b. 1949) Declaration (Translated by Bonnie s. McDougall)Jiang He (b. 1952) To the Execution Ground (Translated by Wil-lim Yap)Yang Lain (b. 1955) The Ruins of Gandan (Translated by Geremie Barme and J. MinfordJAPANESE POETRYKakinomoto No Hitomaro (c. 680-c.710) In Grief After His Wife s Death (Translated by H. Sato and B. Watson), A strange old man (Translated by Kenneth Rexroth)The Lady Otomo No Sakanoe (c. 700-?) Love s Complaint (Translated by Sato and B. Watson)The Lady Kasa (c. 700-?) I dreamed I held (Translated by Kenneth Rexroth), Like the crane whose cry (Translated by H. Sato and B. Watson)Ono No Komachi (c. 834-?) Submit to you, They Change, Imagining her death and cremation (Translated by H. Sato and B. Watson)The Lady Izumi (c. 976-?) Waiting for My Two Lovers Stationed in Distant Places (Translated by H. Sato and B. Watson)Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) The temple bell stops (Translated by Robert Bly), How rough a sea!, Not even a hat, On a journey, ill (Translated by Harold G. Henderson)Tangiguchi Buson (1716-1783) The piercing chill I feel, Blossoms on the pear (Translated by Harold G. Henderson)Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827) Awakened by a horse s fart, Falling Leaves (Translated by H. Sato and B. Watson) I look into a dragonfly s eye, The old dog bends his head listening, The Pigeon Makes His Request (Translated by Robert Bly)Kaneko Mitsuharu (1895-1975) Mount Fuji (Translated by E.D. Shiffert and Yuki Sawa)Miyazawa Kenji (1896-1933) November 3rd (Translated by H. Sato and B. Watson)Tomoika Taeko (b. 1935) Just the Two of Us, Between-- (Translated by B. Watson and H. Sato)THE CELTIC TRADITIONIRISH POETRYAmergin (sixth century?) The Muse of Amergin (Translated by John Montague)Sedulius Scottus (ninth century) The Scholary and His Cat (Translated by Frank O Connor)Liadan of Corcaguiney (ninth century) Liadan Laments Cuirithir (Translated by John Mantague)Gerald Fitzgerald (c. 1538-1583) My love I gave for hate (Translated by George Campbell Hay)Thomas Moore (1780-1852) At the mid hour of nightAE (George Willima Russell) (1867-1935) ExilesPadraic Colum (1881-1972) The Book of KellsPatrick Kavanaugh (1904-1967) Tinker s WifePaul Durcan (b. 1944) Tullamore Poetry RecitalEavan Boland (b. 1945) AnorexicSCOTTISH POETRYHugh MacDiarmid (C. M. Grieve) (1892-1978) Hungry WatersGeorge Campbell Hay (b. 1915) The Two NeighborsIan Crichton Smith (b. 1928) Culloden and AfterWELSH POETRYAneirin (sixth century) from The GododdinDayfod Ap Gwilym (1340-1370) The Girls of LlanbadarnEmily Jane Pfeiffer (1827-1890) A Song of WinterEmyr Humphreys (b. 1919) An Apple Tree and a PigBobi Jones (b. 1929) Portrait of an Engine DriverSCANDINAVIAN POETRYICELANDIC POETRYAnonymous, from Words of the High One (Translated by W.H. Auden and Paul B. Taylor)Anonymous, from The Twilight of the Gods (Translated by W.H. Auden and Paul B. Taylor)Egil Skallagrimsson (910-1004?) from Head-Ransom (Translated by Lee. M. Hollander)NORWEGIAN POETRYHenrik Ibsen (1828-1906) (Translated by Charles Wharton Stork)Knut Hamsun (1859-1952) Island Off the Coast (Translated by Martin Allwood)Rolf Jacobsen (b. 1907) The Old Women (Translated by Robert Bly)SWEDISH POETRYGeorg Stiernhielm (1598-1692) On Astrild, Honing His Arrows (Translated by Robert T. Rovinsky)August Strindberg (1849-1912) Street Scenes III (Translated by Robert T. Rovinsky)Gunnar Ekelof (1907-1968) Every human is a world (Translated by Robert T. Rovinsky)Elsa Grave (b. 1918) Afterthought (Translated by Martin Allwood)Tomas Transtromer (b. 1931) Storm (Translated by Robert T. Rovinsky)DANISH POETRYAnonymous, The Death of Sir Stig (Translated by Alexander Gray)Benny Anderson (b. 1929) High and Dry (Translated by Alexander Taylor)FAEROESE POETRYGudrid Helmsdal-Nielsen (b. 1941) Thaw Night (Translated by Inge Knutsson and Martin Allwood)GREEK POETRYHomer, from the Iliad (Translated by Robert Fagles), from the Odyssey (Translated by Robert Fitzgerald)Sappho (c. 610-c.580 b.c.) Alone, Seizure (Translated by Richmond Lattiore)Aeschylus (525-456 b.c.) from Agammemnon (Translated by Robert Fagles)Sophocles (c. 496-406 b.c.) Man (Translated by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald)Pindar (c. 522-c. 438 b.c.) Olympia XI (Translated by Richmond LattimoreCallimachus (c. 305-c. 240 b.c.) Epigrams (Translated by Stanley Lombardo and Diane Rayor)C.P. Cavafy (Konstantinos Kavafis) (1863-1933) The City (Translated by Rae Dalven)Myrtiotissa (Theoni Cracopolou0 (b. 1882-?) Women of Suli (Translated by Rae Dalven)George Seferis (Giorgios Seferiades) (1900-1971) The Old Man (Translated by Edmund Keeley and Philip Sherrard)Sophia Mavroidi Papadaky (b. 1905) Love Song (Translated by Rae Dalven)Yannis Ritsos (b. 1909) The Meaning of Simplicity (Translated by Edmund Keeley)Odysseus Elytis (b. 1912) Drinking the Corinthian sun (Translated by Kimon Friar)Eleni Vakalo (b. 1921) My Father s Eye (Translated by Kimon Friar)LATIN POETRYLucretius (c. 99-c.50b.c.) from On the Nature of Things (Translated by Rolfe Humphries)Catullus (c. 84-c.54 b.c.) We should live, my Lesbia, and love, That man is seen by me as a God s equal, I hate and love (Translated by Guy Lee) Furius and Aurelius, companions of Catullus (Translated by Peter Glassgold)Virgil (70-19 b.c.) The Fourth Eclogue (Translated by J. Laughlin), from The Aenid: Books I and II (Translated by Robert Fitzgerald)Horace (65-8 b.c.) Ah god how they race (Translated by Helen Rowe Heinze)Sextus Propertius (c. 50-c.15 b.c.)Me happy, night, night full of brightness (Translated by Ezra Pound)Martial (c. a.d. 38-c. a.d. 104) My friend, the things that do attain (Translated by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey), You serve the best wine always, my dear sir (Translated by J.V. Cunningham)Ovid (43 b.c.-a.d. 17) Siesta time in sultry summer (Translated by Guy Lee)RUSSIAN POETRYAnna Akhmatova (1889-1966) Lot s Wife (Translated by Stanley Kunitz and Max Hayward)Boris Pasternak (1890-1960) Winter Night (Translated by Richard McKane)Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938) Insomnia (Translated by John Glad)Anna Akhmatova-- Requiem (1935-1940) (Translated by Stanley Kunitz and Max Hayward)Boris Pasternak, Hamlet (Translated by Jon Stallworthy and Peter France)Osip Mandelstam, The Stalin Epigram (Translated by Clarence Brown and W.S. Merwin)Marina Tsvetayeva (1892-1941) An Attempt at Jealousy (Translated by Bob Perelman, Shirley Rihner, and Alexander Petrov)Andrey Voznesensky (b. 1933) I am Goya (Translated by Stanley Kunitz)Yevgeny Yevtushenko (b. 1933) Babii Yar (Translated by George Reavey)Bella Akhmadulina (b. 1937) The Bride (Translated by Stephen Stepanchev)ITALIAN POETRYGiuseppe Ungaretti (1888-1970) A DoveSt. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226) The Canticle of the Creatures (Translated by Eleanor L. Turnbull)Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) The Inferno: Canto III (Translated by John Ciardi)Francesco Petrarch (c. 1304-1374) Love, that doth reign and live within my thought (Translated by Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey), The long love that in my thought doth harbor (Translated by Thomas Wyatt), My ship is sailing, full of mindless woe (Translated by Anna Maria Armi) My galley charged with forgetfulness (Translated by Thomas Wyatt)Michelangelo Buonarotti (1475-1564) The best of artists never has a concept (Translated by Michael Creighon)Giacomo Leopardi (1798-1837) The Infinite, To the Moon (Translated by John Heath-Stubbs)Gabriele D Annunzio (1863-1938) My sons are children (Translated by Olga Ragusa)Giuseppe Ungaretti (1888-1970) You Shattered (Translated by Allen Mandelbaum)Eugenio Montale (1896-1981) The Eel (Translated by John Frederick Nims)Salvadore Quasimodo (1901-1968) Letter to My Mother (Translated by Allen Mandelbaum)Amelia Rosselli (b. 1430) Snow (Translated by Lawrence R. Smith)FRENCH LANGUAGE POETRYCharles Baudelaire (1821-1867) The Albatross (Translated by Richard Wilbur)Marie de France (1140-1200) The Nightingale (Translated by Patricia Terry)Francois Villon (1431-1463) Ballade, I am Francis (Translated by Norman Cameron)Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695) The Grasshopper and the Ant (Translated by Marianne Moore)Charles Baudelaire, Correspondences (Translated by Richard Wilbur)Stephane Mallarme (1842-1898) The Tomb of Edgar Poe (Translated by Daisy Aldan and Stephane Mallarme)Paul Verlaine (1844-1896) Sentimental Dialogue (Translated by Muriel KittelArthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) The Drunken Boat (Translated by Stephen Stepanchev)Paul Valery (1871-1995) Helen (Translated by Andrew Chiappe)Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918) The Mirabeau Bridge (Translated by W.S. Merwin)Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961) Mee Too Boogie (Translated by Anslem Hollo)Paul Eluard (1895-1952) Lady Love (Translated by Samuel Beckett)Leon Gontran Damas (1912-1978) There Are Nights (Translated by E.cC. Kennedy)Aime Cesaire (b. 1913) First Problem (Translated by Clayton Eshleman and Dennis Kelly)Yves Bonnefoy (b. 1923) True Name (Translated by Galway Kinnell)SPANISH LANGUAGE POETRYSor Juana Ines de la Cruz (1648-1695) She Ponders the Choice of a Way of Life Binding Until Death, She Demonstrates the Inconsistency of Men s Wishes (Translated by Alan S. Trueblood)Antonio Machado (1875-1939) Daydreams have endlessly turning paths (Translated by Robert Bly)Juan Ramon Jimenez (1881-1958) I shall run through the shadow (Translated by W.S. Merwin)Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957) Absence (Translated by Kate Flores)Jorge Luis Borges (1889-1986) Amorous Anticipation (Translated by Perry Higman)Cesar Vallejo (1892-1938) The Black Riders (Translated by Robert Bly)Federico Garcia Lorca (1898-1973) Somnambule Ballad (Translated by Stephen Spender and J.L.Gili)Pablo Neruda (1904-1973) Ode to My Socks (Translated by Robert Bly)Octavio Paz (b. 1914) The Key of Water (Translated by Elizabeth Bishop), The Street (Translated by Muriel Rukeyser), The Day in Udaipur (Translated by Eliot Weinberger)GERMAN LANGUAGE POETRYJohann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) Nature and Art (Translated by John Frederick Nims)Freidrich von Schiller (1759-1805) Ode to Joy (Translated by Norman Macleod and Alexander Gode-von Aesch)Friedrich Holderlin (1770-1843) Fall (Translated by Hedwig Hellmann)Annette von Droste-Hulshoff, On the Tower (Translated by James Edward Tobin)Henrich Heine (1791-1856) Th eLorelei (Translated by Edwin Morgan)Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) The Panther, Buddha in Glory (Translated by Stephen Mitchell) The Cadet Picture of My Father (adapted by Robert Lowell)Georg Trakl (1887-1914) Decline (Translated by Michael Hamburger)Hans (Jean) Arp (1887-1966) Kaspar is Dead (Translated by Joachim Nevgroschell)Leonie Nelly Sachs (1891-1970) O the chimneys (Translated by Michael Roloff)Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) Song on Black Saturday on the Eleventh Hour of the Night Before Easter (Translated by Lesley Lendrum)Paul Celan (1920-1970) Fugue of Death (Translated by Donald White)NATIVE AMERICAN POETRYChippewa, Chant to the Fire-fly (Translated by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft)Myan, The moon and the year (Translated by John Bierhorst)Aztec, A Woman s Complaint (Translated by Miguel Leon Portilla), The Artist (Translated by Denise Levertov)Chippewa, Dream Song (Translated by Frances Densmore)White Mountain Apache, What Happened to a Young Man in a Place Where he Turned to Water (Translated by Anselm Hollo, After Pliny Earle Goddard)Pima, Song of the Fallen Deer (Translated by Frank Russell)Arapaho, I Gave Them Fruits (Translated by James Mooney)N. Scott Momaday (b. 1934) Angle of GeeseDuane Niatum (b. 1938) Chief Leschi of the NisquallyJames Welch (b. 1940) Magic FoxLeslie Marmon Silko (b. 1948) Slim Man CanyonLouise Erdrich (b. 1954) Indian Boarding School: The RunawaysAFRICAN POETRYEwe, Mother Dear! (Translated by Geormbecyi Adali-Mortty)Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (1910-1937) She, The black glassmaker (Translated by Gerald Moore and Ulli Beier)Leopold Sedar Senghor (b. 1906) Night of Sine, Paris in the Snow (Translated by Gerald Moore and Ulli Beier)Birago Diop (b. 1906) Diptych (Translated by Ellen Conroy Kennedy)Tchicaya U Tam si (b. 1929) Brush Fire (Translated by Sangodare Akanji)Wole Soyinka (b. 1934) HamletKofi Awoonor (b. 1935) Song of War, The Sea Eats the Land at HomeArthur K. Nortje (1942-1970) Up LateAPPENDIX: CRITICAL COMMENTS ON POETRYPlato (428-348 b.c.) Poetry and Inspiration (Translated by Benjamin Jowett)Aristotle (384-322 b.c.) The Causes of PoetrySir Philip Sidney (1554-1586) from An Apology for PoetrySamuel Johnson (1709-1784) from The Metaphysical PoetsWilliam Blake (1757-1827) Art and ImaginationWilliam Wordsworth (1770-1850) Poetry and FeelingSamuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) The Poet, the ImaginationPercy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) Poets and LanguageJohn Keats (1795-1821) The Authenticity of the ImaginationEdgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) True PoetryWalt Whitman (1819-1892) The Poem of AmericaEmily Dickinson (1830-1886) On Her PoemsGerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889) Sprung RhythmWilliam Butler Yeats (1865-1939) The First PrinciplePaul Valery (1871-1945) Poetry, Prose, Song (Translated by Denise Folliot)Robert Frost (1874-1963) from The Figure a Poem MakesRainer Maria Rilke (1875-1939) from Letters to a Young Poet (Translated by M.D. Herter Norton)Antonio Machado (1875-1939) Problems of the Lyric (Translated by Reginald Gibbons)Wallace Stevens (1879-1935) Reflections On PoetryEzra Pound (1885-1972) Kinds of PoetryT.S. Eliot (1888-1965) The Poet and the TraditionFederico Garcia Lorca (1898-1936) Play and Theory of the Duende (Translated by Christopher Maurer)George Seferis (1900-1971) Poetry and Human Living (Translated by Athan Agagnostopoulos)Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938) On Classical Poetry (Translated by Sidney Monas)e.e.cummings (1894-1962) Mostpeople and OurselvesPablo Neruda (1904-1973) The Word (Translated by Hardi St. Martin)Octavio Paz (b. 1914) from The Other Voice (Translated by Helen Lane)Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) from Notes on the Art of PoetryDenise Levertov (b. 1923) Some Notes on Organic FormWendell Berry (b. 1934) Poetry and SongMark Strand (b. 1934) Poetry, Language, and MeaningAudre Lorde (b. 1934) Poems Are Not LuxuriesSeamus Heaney (b. 1939) from Feelings into WordsRobert Haas (b. 1941) ImagesDiane Ackerman (b. 1943) What a Poem KnowsGLOSSARYACKNOWLEDGMENTSINDEX
Robert DiYanni is Professor of English at Pace University, Pleasantville, New York, where he teaches courses in literature, writing, and humanities. He has also taught at Queens College of the City University of New York, at New York University in the Graduate Rhetoric Program, and most recently in the Expository Writing Program at Harvard University. He received his B.A. from Rutgers University (1968) and his Ph.D. from the City University of New York (1976). Robert DiYanni has written articles and reviews on various aspects of literature, composition, and pedagogy. His books include Literature: Reading, Fiction, Poetry, Drama and the Essay; The McGraw-Hill Book of Poetry; Women's Voices; Like Season'd Timber: New Essays on George Herbert; and Modern American Poets: Their Voices and Visions (a text to accompany the Annenberg-funded telecourse, Voices and Visions). With Kraft Rompf, he edited The McGraw-Hill Book of Poetry, (1993) and The McGraw-Hill Book of Fiction (1995). With Pat Hoy, he edited Encounters: Readings for Inquiry and Argument (1997).