List of Troubleshooting Charts Preface to the Third Edition Preface to the Second Edition Introduction OnePrinciples of Operation Compression Ignition Converting Heat to Power Expansion and Cooling Gasoline Engines Cost and Power-to-Weight Types of Diesels Principal Engine Components TwoDetails of Operation Section One: The Air Supply Volumetric Efficiency Naturally Aspirated Engines Superchargers and Turbochargers Intercoolers and Aftercoolers Section Two: Combustion The Importance of Turbulence Injector Spray Patterns Techniques for Creating Turbulence Section Three: Fuel Injection Jerk (In-Line) Pumps Distributor (Rotary) Pumps Unit Injectors Common Rail Systems Injectors Lift Pumps Section Four: Governors Simple Governors Vacuum Governors Section Five: Electronic Engine Controls Networking Limping Home Section Six: Keeping Things Cool Raw-Water Cooling Heat Exchanger Cooling Keel Cooling Wet and Dry Exhausts ThreeRoutine Maintenance: Cleanliness Is Next to Godliness Section One: Clean Air Routine Maintenance Section Two: Clean Fuel Lubrication Contamination Fuel Handling Fuel Filters Section Three: Clean Oil The API "Donut" Oil Changes Changing Filters Section Four: General Cleanliness Clean Water Clean Electrical Systems A Clean Engine Scheduled Overhauls Winterizing FourTroubleshooting, Part One: Failure to Start Section One: Failure to Crank Water in the Engine Starter Motor Does Not Crank Inertia and Preengaged Starters Circuit Testing Motor and Solenoid Disassembly, Inspection, and Repair Section Two: Failure to Fire An Unobstructed Airflow Achieving Ignition Temperatures Fuel Problems FiveTroubleshooting, Part Two: Overheating, Smoke, Loss of Performance, and Other Problems Overheating Smoke Loss of Performance Oil-Related Problems Inadequate Turbocharger Performance Problems with Engine Instrumentation A Do-it-Yourself Engine Survey SixRepair Procedures, Part One: Cooling, Exhaust, and Injection Systems The Cooling System Water Pumps The Exhaust System Governors Fuel Injection Pumps Injectors Gaskets SevenRepair Procedures, Part Two: Decarbonizing Preparatory Steps Cylinder Head Removal Valves Cylinders Pistons and Connecting Rods Piston Rings Replacing Pistons and Connecting Rods Replacing Cylinder Heads Retiming an Engine Accessory Equipment EightMarine Transmissions Planetary Transmissions Two-Shaft Transmissions Variations on a Theme Shaft Brakes Transmission Maintenance Troubleshooting and Repairs NineEngine Selection and Installation Section One: Engine Selection Matching an Engine to Its Load How Much Horsepower Do You Need? BHP, SHP, and Auxiliary Equipment Section Two: Propeller Sizing and Selection Propeller Sizing Propeller Selection Section Three: Connecting the Transmission to the Propeller Couplings Engine Alignment Constant-Velocity Joints Shaft Seals Struts and Bearings Section Four: Auxiliary Systems Ventilation Fuel Tanks Cooling Exhaust Auxiliary Equipment Some Electrical Considerations Serviceability Postscript: Diesel-Electric Propulsion Appendices A.Carbon Monoxide Poisoning B.Tools C.Spare Parts D.Useful Tables E.Freeing Frozen Parts and Fasteners Glossary Index
Niger Calder is the author of Marine Diesel Engines (1987, 1991) and Boatowner's Mechanical and Electrical Manual (1989, 1995), the success of which has made him the most sought-after marine how-to writer in the U.S. and U.K. He has published more than 800 magazine articles in SAIL, Cruising World, Ocean Navigator, Yachting World, etc., and lectures on cruising to sell-out crowds. He is also the author of The Cruising Guide to The Northwest Caribbean (IM, 1991) and Cuba: A Cruising Guide (Imray, 1996). He will be testing his newest ideas with his family during a six-month cruise to the Caribbean and South America this winter.