Most chapters conclude with "Student Essay," "Commentary,"
"Activities," and " Additional Writing Topics."
1. The Reading Process.
Stage 1: Get an Overview of the Selection.Stage 2: Deepen Your Sense of the Selection.Stage 3: Evaluate the Selection.Ellen Goodman, Family Counterculture.
2. The Writing Process.
Stage 1: Prewrite.Stage 2: Identify the Thesis.Stage 3: Support the Thesis With Evidence.Stage 4: Organize the Evidence.Stage 5: Write the First Draft.Stage 6: Revise the Essay.
What Is Description?How Description Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Description in an Essay.Gordon Parks, Flavio's Home. Maya Angelou, Sister Flowers. E.B. White, Once More to the Lake.
What Is Narration?How Narration Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Narration in an Essay.Annie Dillard, The Chase. Langston Hughes, Salvation. Sophronia Liu, So Tsi-Fai.
What Is Exemplification?How Exemplification Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Exemplification in an Essay.Charles Sykes, The "Values" Wasteland. Beth Johnson, Bombs Bursting in Air. Barbara Ehrenreich, What I've Learned From Men.
What Is Division-Classification?How Division-Classification Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Division-Classification in an Essay.William Lutz, Doublespeak. Ann McClintock, Propaganda Techniques in Today's Advertising. Deborah Tannen, But What Do You Mean?
7. Process Analysis.
What Is Process Analysis?How Process Analysis Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Process Analysis in an Essay.Bill Bryson, Your New Computer. Nikki Giovanni, Campus Racism 101. Caroline Rego, The Fine Art of Complaining.
What Is Comparison-Contrast?How Comparison-Contrast Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Comparison-Contrast in an Essay.Rachel Carson, A Fable for Tomorrow. Richard Rodriguez, Workers. Dave Barry, The Ugly Truth About Beauty.
What Is Cause-Effect?How Cause-Effect Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Cause-Effect in an Essay.Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies. Lewis Thomas, The Lie Detector. Jonathan Coleman, Is Technology Making Us Intimate Strangers?
What Is Definition?How Definition Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Definition in an Essay.K.C. Cole, Entropy. James Gleick, Life as Type A. William Raspberry, The Handicap of Definition.
What Is Argumentation-Persuasion?How Argumentation-Persuasion Fits Your Purpose and Audience.Suggestions for Using Argumentation-Persuasion in an Essay.Mary Sherry, In Praise of the "F" Word. Yuh Ji-Yeon, Let's Tell the Story of All America's Cultures.
Examining an Issue: Date Rape.
Camille Paglia, Rape: A Bigger Danger than Feminists Know. Susan Jacoby, Common Decency.
Examining an Issue: Affirmative Action.
Roger Wilkins, Racism Has Its Privileges. Shelby Steele, Affirmative Action: The Price of Preference.
12. Combining the Patterns.
The Patterns in Action: During the Writing Process.The Patterns in Action: In an Essay.Virginia Woolf, The Death of the Moth. Martin Luther King, Jr., Where Do We Go From Here: Community or Chaos? Joan Didion, The Santa Ana.
Appendix: A Concise Guide to Finding and Documenting Sources.
Using the Library to Find Books on Your Subject.Using the Library to Find Reference Works on Your Subject.Using the Library to Find Articles on Your Subject.Using the Internet to Research Your Subject.Documenting Sources.What to Document.How to Document.List of Works Cited.