Morihei Ueshiba was born in Western Japan in 1883. After mastering classical styles of judo, kendo, and jujutsu, he created Aikido, an entirely original martial art, based on the spiritual teachings of the Omoto-kyo religion. After the Second World War, Morihei established the Aikikai Foundation in Tokyo to promote the dissemination of Aikido throughout the world. Morihei died in 1969. Kisshomaru Ueshiba, the second Aikido Doshu (leader), after the founder and his father, Morihei Ueshiba. He is the author of the popular The Spirit of Aikido and co-author of Best Aikido.