Part I: The Roles, Functions, and Activities of Lawyers in Different Legal Cultures. 1. Comparative Look at Lawyers' Practice and Organization: An Introduction and Overview; J.J. Barcelo. 2. Comparing the Work and Organization of Lawyers Worldwide: The Persistence of Legel Traditions; D.S. Clark. 3. The Legal Profession As an Organization: Understanding Changes in Common Law and Civil Law; U. Mattei. 4. The Roles, Functions, and Activities of Lawyers in the So-called German Law Group; W. Wiegand. 5. Remapping Lawyers' Turf: A Comment on Professors Clark and Mattei; J. Flood. 6. A Comparative Look at the Roles, Functions, and Activities of U.S. Lawyers and Those in Major European Countries; E. Gaillard. 7. Comparative Law and the Legal Profession: Notes Toward a Reorientation of Research; B. Garth. 8. Commentaries on Papers from the German Perspective; B. Heussen. Part II: Ethics Rules and Professional Ideologies in the U.S. and Europe: Differences and Emerging Problems. 9. A Comparative Look at the Ethics Rules and Professional Ideologies in a Time of Change; R.C. Cramton. 10. The Independence of the Bar in France: Learning from Comparative Legal Ethics; J. Leubsdorf. 11. Multidisciplinary Partnerships in the Law Practive of European and American Lawyers; C.W. Wolfram. 12. Differences and Common Elements in Legal Ethics in France and the United States; H. Ader. 13. Varieties of Professional Independence; W.B. Fisch. 14. Ethical Rules and Professional Ideologies; J. Toulmin.