Introduction: What Is Heresy? 1. Judaizers (ca. 50) * Paul replied (Galatians). 2. Marcion (ca. 85-160) * Tertullian and Iranaeus replied. 3. Docetism: Primary teacher is Valentinus (ca. 136-165) * Irenaeus and Polycarp replied. 4. Mani (ca. 216-277) * St. Augustine replied. 5. Sabellius (ca. 215) * Tertullian replied. 6. Arius (256-336 A.D.) * Athanasius replied. 7. Photinus (?-376) * Hilary of Poitiers replied. 8. Apollinarius (?-390A.D.) * Gregory of Nazianzus replied. 9. Pelagius (ca.354-420/440) * St. Augustine replied 10. Eutyches (378-454 A.D.) * Leo the Great replied 11. Nestorius (ca. 381-451) * Cyril of Alexandria replied. 12. Monothelitism: Primary teach is Virgilus (?-555) * Maximus the Confessor replied. Conclusion
Justin Holcomb (PhD, Emory University) is an Episcopal priest and a professor of theology and Christian thought at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary and Reformed Theological Seminary. He has authored, coauthored, and edited several books, including Know the Heretics. He lives with his wife and daughters in Orlando, Florida.