Preface xiii The Authors xxix Acknowledgments xxxiii Section 1: What Do We Know About Retention and Persistence to Degree? 1 1 Defining, Refining Perspectives on Student Success 3 2 Overview of Theoretical Perspectives on Student Success 19 Section 2: The Case for Intensified Campus Efforts 41 3 The Demographic Challenge 43 4 Public and Private Benefits of College 63 5 Retention or Recruitment: Examining the Return on Investment 79 Section 3: Core Components of Student Success 99 6 Institutional Culture and Student Engagement 101 7 Academic Preparation 117 8 Psychosocial Characteristics 137 9 Career Development 161 10 Assessing the Impact of Academic, Psychosocial, and Career Development Factors on College Student Success 181 Section 4: Proven Student Success Practices 211 11 Historical Perspective on What Works in Student Retention 213 12 Assessment and Course Placement 235 13 Development Education Initiatives 255 14 Academic Advising 283 15 First-Year Transition Programs 311 Section 5: Making Student Success a Priority 335 16 Expanding the Retention Framework: Implications for Public and Institutional Policy 337 17 Creating a Student Success Culture 363 18 Leading the Campus to Student Success 383 Appendices A What Works in Student Retention, 2004 Survey 397 B What Works in Student Retention? 411 References 425 Name Index 453 Subject Index 459
Wesley R. Habley is principal associate in educational services and coordinator of State Organizations at ACT, Inc. He is also coeditor of Academic Advising: A Comprehensive Handbook from Jossey-Bass. Jennifer L. Bloom is clinical professor and director of the Master's Degree Program in Higher Education and Student Affairs at the University of South Carolina. Steve Robbins is principal research scientist in the Center for Academic and Workforce Readiness and Success. Formerly, Robbins served as vice president of research at ACT, and as professor and chair of Psychology at Virginia Commonwealth University.