1. THE HONEST WRITER. A Professional Attitude. The Struggle Against Silence. What Do You Know? Putting Pictures on Trial. Create Your Personal Blog. Student Essay: Jennifer M. Horton, Chicken at Wegman's. Professional Essay: James Alan Fox, Fueling a Contagion of Campus Violence. David Brooks, When Preaching Flops. 2. THE TWO-PART SECRET OF GOOD WRITING: IDEAS AND DETAILS. Ideas. Details. What Makes a Good Idea. What Makes a Good Detail. The Difference Between a Topic and an Idea. Should You Start with Ideas or Details? The Three-to-One Ratio. Visual Rhetoric . How to Read a Visual Composition for Ideas and Details. Analysis. Student Essay: Jodie Rosa, The Unknown Children. Analysis. Student Essay: Amy Seager, What Disney Movies Really Teach Children. 3. GETTING IDEAS: BRAIN TEASERS TO HELP YOU WRITE ON ALMOST ANY TOPIC. Improving Your Ideas. Ten Brain Teasers. Sample Brain Teasers. Roadblocks to Good Ideas and Details. Fear of Risk. Insecurity About Your Ability to Think. Visual Rhetoric. Student Essay: Tinamarie Ciccarone, Spring Break: Mazatlsn, Mexico. Sense Brain Teaser for Spring Break: Mazatlsn, Mexico. Professional Essay: Talya Zemich-Bersin, American Students Abroad Can't Be 'Global Citizens.' 4. PARAGRAPHS: IDEAS AND DETAILS IN MINIATURE. Three Ways to Build Paragraphs. Transitions. Visual Rhetoric. Student Paragraph: Shawn'ta Brown, Being Ghetto. 5. ORDER FROM CHAOS: THESIS AND OUTLINE. A Working Thesis. Sample: Creating a Working Thesis. Visual Rhetoric. Looping. Outlines. The Scratch Outline. Use Brain Teasers that Help Create Outlines. Use Bullets to Outline Your Brain Teasers or Freewriting. Use Clustering, a Visual Diagram. Sample Draft from Outline: The Fine Art of Dying. 6. THE DRAFT: THAT FRENZY NEAR MADNESS. The Concrete Introduction. Warm-ups Are for Leftovers. Visual Rhetoric. What to Focus on While Writing the Draft. What NOT to Focus on in the Draft. 7 Tips for When You Get Stuck. Blocks During Drafting. Fear of Messiness. Poor Work Environment. Nail Your Conclusion. Student Essay Introduction: Pamela Fleming, Tougher Punishment for Sex Offenders. 7. REVISING DRAFTS: WRITING IS REVISING. Revision Myths and Realities. How to Be Your Own Editor. Revise Ideas. Honesty, Freshness, Coherence. Revise Details. Visualize and Support. Revise Organization. Make It Easy on the Reader. Revise Word Use. Waxed Words Sparkle. Revise Mechanics. Revising with Others: Peer Editing and Teacher Conferences. How to Edit a Peer's Paper. How to Receive Peer Criticism. A Sample Revision. Teacher Comments. The Final Draft. Revising on a Computer. Visual Rhetoric. Student Essay and Analysis: Miguel Martinez, Bastard. 8. WRITING WITH STYLE. Honesty. Vocabulary. Accuracy. Euphemisms and Crude Language. ClichUs. Sexist Language. Vividness. Concreteness. Verbs. Adjectives and Adverbs. Metaphors. Stylish Sentence Structure. Variety. Parallel Structure. Conciseness. Using a Computer to Revise Words. Playing with Language. Commentary. Visual Rhetoric. Three Ways to Revise Style. A Cyber Game for Style. Sample Revision for Style. Revised Student Essay and Analysis: Mary Updaw, Good Intentions. 9. PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER: FROM TOPIC CHOICE TO PUBLISHED ESSAY. Professional Essay: M. Garrett Bauman, If God Breaks my Bones. Finding the Topic. Brain Teasers. Thesis Ideas. Scratch Outline. The Draft. The Draft Conclusion. Revising on My Own. Revising With Peers and Editors. 10. DESCRIPTION: MAKING YOUR AUDIENCE SEE. A Writer's Eye: Six Ways to Visualize Ideas. Re-experience: Don't Think in Words. Use Brain Teasers to Train Your Eye. Use the Iceberg Principle. Try Other Eye-Training Tricks. Revising for Vivid Description. The Sense Test. The Specificity Test. The Freshness Test. The Theme Test. Visual Rhetoric. Student Essay and Analysis: Nell Kuitems, The Model. Sample Student Descriptive Essay for Analysis: Debbie Green, Simple Life. 11. NARRATION: TELLING YOUR AUDIENCE A STORY. Conflict. Complication. How to Ruin a Story. Describing People. Student Essay: Lisa Neal, The Red Heart. Visual Rhetoric. Dialogue. Ending a Story. How to Say Something Worth Saying. The Real Story is in the Second Draft. Visual Rhetoric. Sample Student Narrative Essay: Beatriz Valle, Live Abortion. Student Essay: Sherri White, Holy Hell. 12. INFORMATIVE WRITING: TELLING YOUR AUDIENCE WHAT IT DOESN'T KNOW. Audience and Tone, Packing in Details. Surprise Value. Poor Informative Topics. Good Topics. Organizing Informative Writing. The Process or How-To. The Essentials or What-Is. Causes or Why. Effects or What's Next? Comparison or Contrast. Classification. Drafting Informative Essays. Make Your Second Draft Even Better. Visual Rhetoric. Writing Suggestions and Class Discussions. Sample Student Informative Essay Using a Process Pattern: Elizabeth Biroscak, Helping the Dead. Sample Student Informative Essay Using an Effects Pattern: Michael Myers, Going to the Chair. Analyzing Professional Informative Writing. Professional Informative Essay: J. Peder Zane, Why We Procrastinate. 13. PERSUASIVE WRITING: SEEKING AGREEMENT FROM AN AUDIENCE. Audience and Tone. Persuasive Topics. Raising Problems that Matter. Supporting Evidence. Facts. Appeals to the Reader's Values. Logic. An Example of Support and Logic. Structuring the Persuasive Essay. Quick Guide to Creating Persuasive Writing. Rehearsing Your Paper's Appearance in Court. Visual Rhetoric. Analyzing Professional Persuasive Writing. Summary Analysis. Critical Analysis. Sample Analysis: The Pros and Cons of Cloning Humans. Sample Student Persuasive Essay: Sandra Marcucci, Helping Immigrants is our Right and Duty. Sample Persuasive Paragraph: Christopher J. Nesbitt, Battling Obesity with Cocaine. Professional Persuasive Essay: Jay Hancock, Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage. Professional Persuasive Essay: James Alan Fox, Fueling a Contagion of Campus Violence. 14. THE LITERARY ESSAY AND REVIEW. How Much Can You See? Brain Teasers for Literature. Brain Teasers for Explication. Why don't Authors Just Say What Their Theme is? Organizing Literary Essays. Drafting Literary Essays. Revising Literary Essays. The Review. Visual Rhetoric. Poems for Explication and Discussion. Sample Student Literary Essay: Carrie Gaynor, Structure and Feeling in 'Childhood. Is the Kingdom Where Nobody Dies.' Commentary Based on Peer Review Sheet. Poem and Sample Student Literary Essay: John Donne, Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God, and Nancy L. Galleher, Three-Personed God. Sample Student Critical Review Using Sources: Devra Whitaker, The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. 15. RESEARCH: WRITTEN WITH CHRISTOPHER OTERO. Why Should I Write a Research Paper? Great Research Topics. Create Your Key Research Questions. Visual Rhetoric. Library Resources. Librarians. The Reference Section. Books. Articles. Computer Indexes and Databases for Articles. Tips for Using Computer Indexes and Databases. World Wide Web. Reliable and Unreliable Websites. Searching the Web. E-mails to Experts, Newsgroups, and Blogs. Tips for Electronic Communication. Multi-Media on the Web. Overlooked Sources. Your Community. Smart Friends. Tips for Personal Interviews. Note-taking Strategies. Annotated Bibliographies. Organizing Research Papers. Formulate a Working Thesis. Rough Outline. Write an Abstract. Writing Research Papers. Sample Introduction: Hip Hop: The Lyrical Phoenix. Research Ethics. Avoiding Plagiarism. Citing Sources: MLA Style. Tag Lines. Paraphrase or Quotation of Sources. Handling and Interpreting Statistics. Parenthetical Citations: MLA Style. A Quick Guide to MLA Works Cited. Sample MLA Works Cited List. Missing Works Cited Information. Additional MLA Works Cited Formats. Electronic Sources. Citing Sources: APA Style. Parenthetical Citations: APA Style. A Quick Guide to the APA Reference List. Sample APA Reference List. Missing Reference List Information. Additional APA Reference List Formats. Electronic Sources. Revising Research Writing. Write a Career Research Paper. Student Essay Using MLA Documentation: Carol Nobles, Quakers: America's First Feminists. 16. A COLLECTION OF STUDENT WRITINGS. Journals and Blogs: Richard L. Shields, Journal. Tina Thompson, Journal. Narrative Essays: Carol Nobles, Pa's Secret. Miguel Martinez, Bastard (Revised: Original in Chapter 7). Michael Y. Rodgers, Midnight Diner. Christina Kennison, Daddy Dearest. Christopher Butler, 49 Hours in Afghanistan. Brandon Littleton, Autumn Escape. Informative Essays: Contrast Essay: Yeou-jih Yang, Food for Thought. Process Essay: Gregory F. Matula, The Autopsy. Classification Essay: Jacqueline M. Mathis, Marijuana Smokers. Career Research Paper: Using the Interview and MLA-Style Documentation: Judy Robbins, Mental Health Counseling. The Professional Persuasive Letter. Professional E-mail. E-mail or Snail Mail? Craig Lammes, Letter to Brad A. Walker. Tina Maenza, Letter to Shirl Bonaldi. Willie F. Nelson, Letter to John Goodman. Personal Persuasive Letter: Britni Bellwood, Dear Greg. The Persuasive Essay: Kevin Giunta, The Beginning of the End of Freedom.* Essay Presenting Both Sides of a Controversy: Lauren Weaver, Sterilization for Sale. Researched Persuasive Essay Using MLA-Style Documentation: Caroline Ward, Genetically Modified Food. Literary Research Paper Using Comparison and MLA Documentation: John Barzelay, Responsibility and the Odyssey. 17. HANDBOOK OF ENGLISH. Myths About the English Language. Myths About English Usage. Punctuation. Comma. Semicolon. Colon. Other Punctuation. Quotation Marks. Apostrophe. Capitalization. Sentence Structure. Sentence Fragment. Run-On Sentence (Comma Splice). Misplaced Modifiers. Agreement. Tense. SubjectuVerb Agreement. NounuPronoun Agreement. Spelling. Numbers. Weird Words. Weird Singulars and Plurals. Irregular Verbs. Odd Pairs. Mechanics. Format for College Paper. Dictionary of Usage. The 25 Most Commonly Misused Words in English. Appendix: The Real Rules for Writing Classes (and Maybe Life).