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How We Reason
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Table of Contents

1: Introduction Part I - The World in our Conscious Minds 2: Icons and Images 3: Models of Possibilities: From Conjuring Tricks to Disasters Part II - The World in our Unconscious Minds 4: Mental Architecture and the Unconscious 5: Intuitions and Unconscious Reasoning 6: Emotions as Inferences 7: Reasoning in Psychological Illnesses Part III - How We Make Deductions 8: Only Connections 9: I'm my own Grandpa: Reasoning About Identities and Other Relations 10: Syllogisms and Reasoning about Properties 11: Isn't Everyone an Optimist? The Case of Complex Reasoning Part IV - How We Make Inductions 12: Modulation: A Step Towards Induction 13: Knowledge and Inductions 14: Sherlock Holmes's Method: Abduction 15: The Balance of Probabilities Part V - What Makes us Rational 16: Counterexamples 17: Truths, Lies, and the Higher Reasoning Part VI - How We Develop our Ability to Reason 18: On Development 19: Strategies and Cultures 20: How We can Improve our Reasoning Part VII - Knowledge, Beliefs, and Problems 21: The Puzzles of If 22: Causes and Obligations 23: Beliefs, Heresies, and Changes in Mind 24: How we Solve Problems Part VIII - Expert Reasoning in Technology, Logic, and Science 25: Flying Bicycles: How the Wright Brothers Invented the Airplane 26: Unwrapping an Enigma 27: On the Mode of the Communication of Cholera 28: How we Reason

About the Author

Phil Johnson-Laird was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1936. He left school at the age of 15 and spent ten years in a variety of occupations until he went to University College London to read psychology. He later gained his Ph.D. there under the supervision of Peter Wason, and he joined the faculty in 1966. In 1971, he was a visiting member of the Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, where he began a collaboration with George A. Miller. Subsequently, he held positions at the University of Sussex (1973-1981) and at the Medical Research Council's Applied Psychology Unit (1981-1989) in Cambridge, where he was also a Fellow of Darwin College. He returned to Princeton in 1989 to be a member of the faculty at the University, where he is the Stuart Professor of Psychology. His research concerns thinking, emotions, creativity, and music.

Reviews

"Johnson-Laird gives fascinating accounts of some major examples of scientific reasoning, such as the Wright brothers' designing of the first successful airplane, how the codes underlying the Nazi Enigma machine were broken, and how John Snow discovered the link between fecal contamination of
drinking water and outbreaks of cholera."--Science


"Johnson-Laird gives fascinating accounts of some major examples of scientific reasoning, such as the Wright brothers' designing of the first successful airplane, how the codes underlying the Nazi Enigma machine were broken, and how John Snow discovered the link between fecal contamination of
drinking water and outbreaks of cholera."--Science

"Johnson-Laird gives fascinating accounts of some major examples of scientific reasoning, such as the Wright brothers' designing of the first successful airplane, how the codes underlying the Nazi Enigma machine were broken, and how John Snow discovered the link between fecal contamination of drinking water and outbreaks of cholera."--Science


"Johnson-Laird gives fascinating accounts of some major examples of scientific reasoning, such as the Wright brothers' designing of the first successful airplane, how the codes underlying the Nazi Enigma machine were broken, and how John Snow discovered the link between fecal contamination of drinking water and outbreaks of cholera."--Science


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