List of Illustrations xii Preface xxi Note to Students xxiii Acknowledgments xxv Walk Through Tour xxvi Timeline xxviii About the Website xxxiii 1 Introduction to Roman Art History 1 Cultural Property Controversies 2 Dating Dilemmas in Roman Art History 3 Restoration Issues in Roman Art History 4 The Role of Elites in Public Art and Architecture 4 Italic versus Classical Styles and Forms I: Temples 5 Italic versus Classical Styles and Forms II: Portraiture 7 Female Portraiture and Embedded Values 9 Romans Judging Roman Art: Values and Class 11 Art, Context, and Social Status I: The Tomb of Vestorius Priscus 12 Art, Context, and Social Status II: The Roman House 14 Narrative Moment 16 Suggestions for Further Reading 17 2 Regal Period, 753?509 bce 18 The Etruscans and the Question of Etruscan Dominance Timeline 18 Introduction to the World of Early Rome and Italy 19 The Etruscans 21 Art in Latium, the Region around Rome 27 Archaic Rome: City Planning and Architecture 29 Etruscan Tomb Paintings 41 Greco-Italic Archaic Architecture: A Doric Temple at Pompeii 45 Conclusion 46 Suggestions for Further Reading 46 3 The Early Republic, 509?211 bce 48 The Spread of Roman Power and Forms Timeline 48 Introduction to Early Roman Republican Art 49 Lucanian Tomb Painting, Paestum 55 Roman Architecture and Urban Planning 70 Conclusion 75 Suggestions for Further Reading 76 4 The Later Republic, 211?31 bce 77 The Origins of a Hellenistic Roman Culture Timeline 77 Introduction 78 Architecture and Urban Planning 78 Roman Wall Painting in the Late Republic 94 Late Republican Sculpture 108 Conclusion 111 Suggestions for Further Reading 112 5 The Age of Augustus, 31 bce?14 ce 113 The Art of Empire Timeline 113 Augustus 114 The Portraits of Augustus 115 Augustus and the City of Rome 118 Third Style Wall Painting 132 The Emulation of Augustan Art 133 Traditional Italic Style in the Age of Augustus 137 Concrete Architecture 140 Conclusion 141 Suggestions for Further Reading 143 6 The Julio-Claudians, 14?68 ce 145 The Rise of Roman Dynastic Art Timeline 145 Introduction 146 Tiberius, 14?37 ce, and Caligula, 37?41 ce 146 Claudius, 41?54 ce 157 Nero, 54?68 ce 163 Public Buildings and Interior Decoration, Pompeii 171 Conclusion 177 Suggestions for Further Reading 177 7 The Flavians, 69?96 ce 178 Civil War, Disaster, and Response Timeline 178 Civil War of 68?69 ce 179 Vespasian and Titus, 69?81 ce 180 Domitian, 81?96 ce 197 Conclusion 209 Suggestions for Further Reading 210 8 Trajan and Hadrian, 98?138 ce 211 Emperors from the Provinces Timeline 211 Nerva, 96?98 ce 212 Trajan, 98?117 ce, and Hadrian, 117?138 ce 213 Sculpture 225 Conclusion 244 Suggestions for Further Reading 244 9 Antonine Emperors, 138?192 ce 245 From an Empire of Gold to One of Rust Timeline 245 Introduction 246 Antonine Portraiture 247 Architectural Sculpture 253 Architecture 257 Wall Painting and Mosaics 260 Sarcophagi 263 Fayum Mummy Portraits 268 Conclusion 271 Suggestions for Further Reading 272 10 Civil War and Severan Dynasty, 193?235 ce 273 Calm before the Storm Timeline 273 Introduction 274 Trends and Developments in Severan Art 274 Conclusion 299 Suggestions for Further Reading 300 11 The Third Century and the Tetrarchy, 235?306 ce 301 Crisis and Renewal Timeline 301 Third-Century Emperors and the Tetrarchy 302 Coin Portraits of the Third Century ce 309 Historical Reliefs 311 Imperial Architecture 320 Conclusion 330 Suggestions for Further Reading 332 12 Constantine, 306?337 ce 334 Christian Empire and the Decline of the West Timeline 334 Constantine, the First Christian Emperor 335 Conclusion 356 Epilogue: The Fall of Rome and the Rise of New Romes 357 Suggestions for Further Reading 362 Glossary 363 Guide to Further Reading 366 Index 368
Steven L. Tuck is Professor and Chair of Classics at Miami University. In 2012, he received the E. Phillips Knox award, Miami University's highest honor for innovative and effective undergraduate teaching. He is the author of Latin Inscriptions in the Kelsey Museum: The Dennison and De Criscio Collections (2006).
?In his engagingly conversational, often humorous, and lavishly illustrated text, Tuck approaches the multifaceted role of Roman art as visual communication that was essential to governing a vast and diverse empire. Contextually-oriented and informed by current scholarly debates, the book encourages students to appreciate not only Roman visual culture but also how we write its history.? ?Elaine Gazda, University of Michigan ?Gloriously illustrated, this book excels for its emphasis on Roman viewers, its conversational style (fitting from the winner of a national teaching award!), and its deft anticipation of modern assumptions.? ?Lea Stirling, University of Manitoba ?This book provides an accessible overview of Roman art, drawing on the most recent developments in Roman archaeology and art history. Elegantly written and exquisitely illustrated, it also tackles questions of modern reception, collection and ownership of the Roman artistic heritage. This is both an invaluable introduction for students and a go-to reference work for scholars.? ?J.C.N. Coulston, University of St. Andrews ?Steven L. Tuck?s book offers a fresh, fast-paced and abundantly illustrated narrative of Roman art, from its Etruscan beginnings to the emergence of early Christian art. Tuck?s survey is a great starting point for students and all those making first contact with the art and architecture of ancient Rome.? ?Bjoern C. Ewald, University of Toronto ?Tuck gives an excellent introduction to Roman art. Accessible and engaging, this book covers key monuments and objects, while also providing useful discussions of historical context, scholarly debate and contemporary response. I recommend it.? ?Zahra Newby, University of Warwick