Acknowledgments xi Notes on Contributors xiii 1 Introduction: Key Concepts and Issues in Bilingual and Multilingual Education 1 Wayne E. Wright, Sovicheth Boun, and Ofelia Garcia Section 1 Foundations for Bilingual and Multilingual Education 17 2 Egalitarian Bi/multilingualism and Trans (c)semiotizing in a Global World 19 Angel Lin 3 Bilingualism and Creativity: An Educational Perspective 38 Anatoliy V. Kharkhurin 4 Language Acquisition in Bilingual Education 56 Guadalupe Valdes, Luis Poza, and Maneka Deanna Brooks 5 Literacy in Bilingual and Multilingual Education 75 Viv Edwards 6 Culture in Bilingual and Multilingual Education: Conflict, Struggle, and Power 92 Laura A. Valdiviezo and Sonia Nieto 7 A Synthesis of Research on Bilingual and Multilingual Education 109 Colin Baker and Gwyn Lewis 8 Researching Bilingual and Multilingual Education Multilingually: A Linguistic Ethnographic Approach 127 Angela Creese, Adrian Blackledge, with Arvind Bhatt, Carla Jonsson, Kasper Juffermans, Jinling Li, Peter Martin, Anu Muhonen, and Jaspreet Kaur Takhi 9 Intersections of Language Ideology, Power, and Identity: Bilingual Education and Indigenous Language Revitalization in French Polynesia 145 Mirose Paia, Jim Cummins, Isabelle Nocus, Marie Salaun, and Jacques Vernaudon 10 Language Policy and Planning in Education 164 Terrence G. Wiley 11 Language Rights 185 Tove Skutnabb (c)Kangas Section 2 Pedagogical Issues and Practices in Bilingual and Multilingual Education 203 Practices and Pedagogies for Bilingualism and Multilingualism 203 12 Programs and Structures in Bilingual and Multilingual Education 205 Nelson Flores and Hugo Baetens Beardsmore 13 Translanguaging, Bilingualism, and Bilingual Education 223 Ofelia Garcia and Li Wei 14 Multiliteracies, Pedagogies, and Academic Literacy 241 Madhav Kafle and Suresh Canagarajah 15 Language Assessment: Past to Present Misuses and Future Possibilities 253 Elana Shohamy and Kate Menken 16 Teacher Education and Support 270 Anne (c)Marie de Mejia and Christine Helot 17 Parent and Community Involvement in Bilingual and Multilingual Education 282 M. Beatriz Arias School Levels and Special Populations 299 18 Early Childhood Education and Dual Language Learners 301 Eugene E. Garcia and Amy M. Markos 19 Primary School Bilingual Education: Pedagogical Issues and Practices 319 Maria Estela Brisk, Ester J. de Jong, and Meredith C. Moore 20 Secondary Bilingual Education: Cutting the Gordian Knot 336 Christian Faltis and Frank Ramirez (c)Marin 21 Bi/Multilingual Higher Education: Perspectives and Practices 354 Christa van der Walt 22 Bilingual Education and Students with Dis/Abilities and Exceptionalities 372 Teddi Beam (c)Conroy and Patricia Alvarez McHatton 23 Bilingual Deaf Education 391 Timothy Reagan 24 Bilingual (c)Multilingual Education and Indigenous Peoples 409 Tiffany S. Lee and Teresa L. McCarty 25 Nonformal Bilingual Education 428 Lesley Bartlett and Monisha Bajaj Section 3 Global Dimensions of Bilingual and Multilingual Education 447 26 A Dual Language Revolution in the United States? On the Bumpy Road from Compensatory to Enrichment Education for Bilingual Children in Texas 449 Deborah K. Palmer, Christian E. Zuniga, and Kathryn Henderson 27 Global Dimensions of Bilingual and Multilingual Education: Canada 461 Thomas Ricento 28 Minority Languages, State Languages, and English in European Education 473 Jasone Cenoz and Durk Gorter 29 Contested Notions of Bilingualism and Trilingualism in the People's Republic of China 484 Anwei Feng and Bob Adamson 30 Bilingual Education in Japan: Slow but Steady Progress 495 Akie Tomozawa and Junko Majima 31 Breaking the Facade of Linguistic and Cultural Homogeneity: Education for Multicultural Children in South Korea 506 Jin Sook Lee 32 Striving for Education for All through Bilingual Education in Cambodia 517 Wayne E. Wright and Sovicheth Boun 33 Bilingual and Multilingual Education in Brunei and Malaysia: Policies and Practices 531 Gary M. Jones 34 Multilingual Education in South Asia: The Burden of the Double Divide 542 Minati Panda and Ajit K. Mohanty 35 "Too Many Cooks Spoil the Broth": Tension and Conflict between Language Institutions in South Africa 554 Sinfree Makoni and Busi Makoni 36 A Panoramic View of Bilingual Education in Sub (c)Saharan Africa: Reorienting the Lens for the Future 566 Leketi Makalela 37 Language Education in Mexico: Access, Equity, and Ideology 578 Peter Sayer and Mario Lopez Gopar 38 Indigenous Youth and Adult Education in Latin America 592 Luis Enrique Lopez 39 Multilingual Education across Oceania 604 Joseph Lo Bianco 40 Language, Conflict, and Social Change: Arabic Bilingual Education in the Middle East and North Africa 618 Zeena Zakharia 41 Bilingual and Multilingual Education in the Former Soviet Republics: The Case of Latvia 632 Gatis Dil!ns and Brigita Zepa Index 645
Wayne E. Wright is Professor and Barbara I. Cook Chair ofLiteracy and Language in the College of Education at PurdueUniversity. He is Editor of the Journal of Southeast AsianAmerican Education and Advancement and Book Review Editor ofthe International Multilingual Research Journal. His mostrecent book is Foundations of Teaching English LanguageLearners: Research, Theory, Policy, & Practice(2nd ed., 2015). Sovicheth Boun is Lecturer in the Institute of ForeignLanguages of the Royal University of Phnom Penh in Cambodia andAdjunct Professor in the Department of Bicultural-BilingualStudies, College of Education and Human Development, at theUniversity of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA). Ofelia Garcia is Professor of Urban Education andHispanic and Luso-Brazilian Literatures and Languages at theGraduate Center of the City University of New York. Her most recentbooks include Translanguaging: Language, Bilingualism andEducation (with Li Wei, 2014), and Bilingual CommunityEducation and Multilingualism: Beyond Heritage Languages in aGlobal City (with Zakharia & Otcu, 2013). She isAssociate General Editor of The International Journal of theSociology of Language.