General Report on the Santa Eulalia Mining District and the Old Spanish Mines of the Fresno Ranch
Excerpt from General Report on the Santa Eulalia Mining District and the Old Spanish Mines of the Fresno Ranch About fifteen miles southeast of Chihuahua City, in the State of Chihuahua, Republic of Mexico, the Santa Eulalia Mountains rise in a gentle tuff-capped fold to a height of about 1500 feet above the plains. This mountain is a massive limestone, the range being about five miles wide and eight miles long; everywhere it is composed of igneous rocks, (rhyolite or porphyry) except within the mineral district proper, which ranges from three-quarters to one and one-half mile wide, and probably extends from the Puerto Dolores on the north to the valley lands east and south of the Chiribel mine and Chihuahua Vieja, and more recent denouncements called Nueva Santa Eulalia lying directly south of the Potosi Mine and Bonanza Zone. The highest peaks are about six thousand feet above sea level and generally capped with volcanic overflow of cantera (volcanic ash) and breccia, occasionally plowed with Rhyolite Dikes filling the crevices or fissures. The Pueblo of Santa Eulalia is connected with Chihuahua and the Mexican Central Ry. and the K. C., M. & O. R. R. by two branch railway lines, called the F. C. Mineral of Chihuahua and the Chihuahua Mining Company's railroad for transportation of ore and supplies. There are also two aerial tramway lines operated by the San Toy and American S. & R. Co's. Water for steam hoists and household purposes is pumped by the Chihuahua Mining Company from the Hacienda Robinson, near Tabaloapa, to the town of Santo Domingo, where the shafts of the Potosi, Santo Domingo, Buena Tierra, Santa Eulalia Mining Co., and A. S. & R. Co., are clustered in a deep ravine. The Great "Real" of Santa Eulalia There are several equally reliable legends for the discovery of this great silver zone, handed down to us by such eminent historians as Baron Von Humboldt, Chas. A. Dahlgren, and Gen. Lew Wallace. Quoting from the latter, he says: - "The discovery of the silver was romantic; as the story runs, in the year 1700, or thereabouts, three fugitives from justice, hunted out of the Haciendas around Chihuahua, (itself then nothing a lively Catholic Mission) took refuge in the fastness of what is known as Santa Eulalia. Shifting from mountain to mountain, they took up quarters finally in a tremendous ravine (now called the Canon de Parcionera, ) in which there was a natural tanque of water, and where they could remain with prudent conduct perfectly safe. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."