THE BEGINNING.- THE WAR.- A SPECIAL PROBLEM IN THE INSTITUTE OF PHYSICAL PROBLEMS.- MY TEACHER.- THE INSTITUTE.- WINDOW TO THE WORLD.- TODAY.
Born 17 October 1919 in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, USSR. Graduated from Dnipropetrovsk State University (Physical Department) in 1941. Defended candidate dissertation (Ph.D thesis) in 1948. From 1945 till 1965 worked as researcher and then the head of department at P.L. Kapitza Institute of Physical Problems of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1952 defended Dr. Sci. dissertation. From 1965 till 1992 was director of L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of the USSR Academy of Sciences (now Russian Academy of Sciences), since 1993 honorary director of L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics. From 1994 till now President of Landau Network - Centro Volta (Como, Italy). Since 1954 professor at Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology (Phystech) and from 1993 till now professor at Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy. In 1972 was elected the corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences and in 1984 became the full member (academician). Was also elected as foreign member of Royal Society in 1994, became Lorentz Professor at Leiden University in 1968. Decorated with USSR and Russian orders. Was awarded: State Prize of the USSR 1953, Landau Prize of the USSR Academy of Sciences 1974, Alexander-von-Humboldt Award 1989, Kiwanis Prize "For Science and Disarmament" 1999. I.M. Khalatnikov is the author of several hundreds papers and many books including: "Introduction to the Theory of Superfluidity" (W.A. Benjamin, Inc. New York, Amsterdam, 1965), "Landau: The Physicist and the Man "(Recollections of L.D. Landau edited by I.M. Khalatnikov) ( Pergamon Press, Oxford, New York, Beijing, Frankfurt, Sao Paulo, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, 1989), "The theory of superfluidity" (Nauka, Moscow, 1971).
From the reviews: "The publication of a memoir by leading Russian physicist Isaak Khalatnikov, known as `Khalat' to his friends, is an event to be welcomed by anyone interested in 20th-century physics. ... I thoroughly enjoyed From the Atomic Bomb to the Landau Institute. ... it will be of great interest to all those who have come into contact, either personally or through the literature, with the remarkable scientific achievements of Landau and the members of his school." (Pierre Hohenberg, Physics Today, November, 2013)