Preface List of Contributors Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1- An Overview of the Mental Health-Criminal Justice Nexus Introduction Mental Health: An Introduction to Disorders, Prevalence, and Common Terminology Intersections of Criminal Justice and Mental Health: Forensic/Justice-Involved PwMI Service Utilization/Treatment Engagement Competing Interests? Challenges in Managing Justice-Involved PwMI Take-Home Message CHAPTER 2- Historical Responses to Mental Illness Advancements in Psychosurgery Introduction Societal Responses to Mental Illness: Thematic Eras Take-Home Message CHAPTER 3- The Sequential Intercept Model Introduction Why Diversion? Mental Illness and the Criminal Justice System: An Integrative Framework Take-Home Message CHAPTER 4-Foundations of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Community Mental Health Act Introduction Comprehensive Assessment Mental Health Disorders Substance Use Disorders Co-occurring Disorders Working with Juveniles Medication Management Case Examples Sidebar: My Experience Take-Home Message CHAPTER 5- Intercept One : Police-Citizen Encounters Introduction Police as First Responders Specialized Police Responses to Crisis Events Additional Complexities of LEO-Citizen Encounters: Responding to Special Populations The Mental Health and Well-Being of Police Take-Home Message CHAPTER 6- Intercept Two: Pretrial Issues, Adjudication, and Sentencing/Jail Introduction Post-Booking Diversion: An Overview Diversion Strategies Determining Diversion Program Effectiveness Processing and Disposition Take-Home Message CHAPTER 7- Intercept Three : Secure Confi nement and Court Introduction Part One: Beyond Initial Detention-PwMI Incarcerated Part Two: Diversion Strategies at Intercept Three Take-Home Message CHAPTER 8- Intercept Four : Reentry to the Community from Secure Detention Introduction Section One: Reentry for PwMI Section Two: Effective Reintegration and the Role of Professional Service Providers Section Three: Best Practices in Reentry Programming for PwMI Take-Home Message CHAPTER 9- Intercept Five : Community-Based Corrections and Support Services Introduction Mental Health and Community Corrections Summary of Post-Commitment Needs Agency Collaboration and Systems Integration Resistance to Treatment Take-Home Message CHAPTER 10- Conclusions and Suggestions for Change Introduction Review of the Issues and Suggestions for Change Contemporary Issues in Forensic Mental Health: The Role of Trauma Take-Home Message Index
Michele P. Bratina is an Assistant Professor in the Criminal Justice Department at West Chester University in West Chester, Pennsylvania. Previously, she was the Forensic and Children's Mental Health Coordinator for the Florida Department of Children and Families in the 19th Judicial Circuit-a role that inspired this book. She is First Vice President of the Northeastern Association of Criminal Justice Sciences (NEACJS) Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences and holds the position of Executive Counselor for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) Juvenile Justice Section. Her research interests and publications revolve around issues related to human exploitation, criminological theory, race, social structure, ethnicity and crime, and forensic mental health. She has published her work in the Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice and in the International Journal of Police Science and Management.
The way we handle mental health and mental illness in our society is neither fair nor effective. We have dumped so much of it onto the criminal justice system, which isn't any good for people who need treatment; it also puts police and correctional officers in impossible situations where they are bound to fail, sometimes tragically. Professor Bratina and the other contributors to this book do a fine job of dissecting the current situation and describing solutions that would greatly improve the terrible mess our negligence has created.--Gary Cordner, Professor Emeritus, Kutztown University