Preface to the Second Edition: What's New in EDI Acknowledgments About the Authors Chapter 1. Students Say, "I Can Do It!" The Day I Saw the Breakthrough in Classroom Instruction Where Our Research Began: Student Achievement Where Our Research Led: Classroom Instruction Chapter 2. Are Some Approaches Better Than Others? What Is Effective Instruction? Why Are Children Sent to School? Talent Discovery Versus Talent Development The Teaching/Learning Dilemma: Speed Up or Slow Down Criteria for an Instructional Approach Two Philosophies About Education High-Stakes Testing What to Do? EDI Is Not Lecturing EDI Is Not Scripted Research Supports Direct Instruction When to Use Group Work Chapter 3. Good Instruction Is Always Good Instruction: An Explicit Direct Instruction Overview What Is Explicit Direct Instruction? Explicit Direct Instruction Lesson Design Explicit Direct Instruction Lesson Delivery How to Use EDI in Your Classroom Chapter 4. Creating Engaged Students: Use Engagement Norms! Student Engagement Is Created When You Ask Your Students to Do Something History of Student Engagement Norms Student Engagement Norm 1: Pronounce With Me Student Engagement Norm 2: Track With Me Student Engagement Norm 3: Read With Me Student Engagement Norm 4: Gesture With Me Student Engagement Norm 5: Pair-Share Student Engagement Norm 6: Attention Signal Student Engagement Norm 7: Whiteboards Student Engagement Norm 8: Use Complete Sentences (Public Voice, Academic Vocabulary) Training Students in the Engagement Norms Summary Chapter 5. Is Everyone Learning? Checking for Understanding What Is Checking for Understanding? TAPPLE-Checking for Understanding the EDI Way! Teach First Ask a Specific Question Pair-Share Pick a Non-Volunteer Listen Carefully to the Response Effective Feedback Summary Chapter 6. Everyone Learns: Corrective Feedback and Whiteboards Listen Carefully to the Response Effective Feedback Whiteboards, the Best Way to CFU! Summary Chapter 7. Establishing What Is Going to Be Taught: Learning Objective Part I: Well-Designed Learning Objectives Part II: Writing Standards-Based Learning Objectives Part III: The Learning Objective Must Be Presented to the Students Summary Chapter 8. Connecting to What Students Already Know: Activating Prior Knowledge Part I: What Does It Mean to Activate Prior Knowledge? Part II: How to Activate Prior Knowledge Summary Chapter 9. These Are the Big Ideas: Concept Development Part I: Concept Development Design Part II: Concept Development Delivery Summary Chapter 10. I'll Work a Problem First: Rule of Two- Skill Development and Guided Practice Skill Development (Teacher) Guided Practice (Students) How to Design Skill Development and Guided Practice How to Teach Skill Development/Guided Practice Summary Chapter 11. This Is Important to Learn: Relevance Relevance When Do You Teach Lesson Relevance? How Do You Provide Lesson Relevance? How to Design Lesson Relevance How to Teach Lesson Relevance Summary Chapter 12. Making One Final Check: Closing the Lesson Closing the Lesson How to Provide Lesson Closure When Closure Is Complete, Initiate Independent Practice Chapter 13. Planning for Success: Differentiation and Scaffolding Differentiating and Scaffolding to Increase Student Success In-Class Interventions and Out-of-Class Interventions Response to Intervention (RTI) and EDI Summary Chapter 14. Having Students Work by Themselves: Independent Practice and Periodic Review Starting With the End in Mind: The Independent Practice Must Match the Lesson Periodic Review Summary Chapter 15. Creating Well-Crafted Lessons: Putting It All Together Creating EDI Lessons From a Textbook Creating Your Own EDI Lessons DataWORKS Enters the Classroom to Teach Chapter 16. Looking at All the Components: Analyzing a Sample Lesson Use educeri.com for EDI Lessons EDI Lesson Layout Summary Resources: What the Research Says References Index
John Hollingsworth is president of DataWORKS Educational Research, a company originally created to use real data to improve student achievement. Although DataWORKS started by analyzing learning outcomes (test scores), it soon refocused towards analyzing learning inputs (classroom instructional practices). DataWORKS now focuses mainly on providing staff development to schools on classroom instruction. John is an active researcher and presenter and has published numerous articles in educational publications. He spends much of his time on the road training teachers. Dr. Silvia Ybarra, Ed.D., began her career in education as a physics and chemistry teacher at Roosevelt High School in Fresno, California. Next, Silvia became principal of Wilson Middle School in Exeter, California, which under her leadership became a prestigious Distinguished School. Silvia was then named assistant superintendent of Coalinga-Huron School District. Her focus progressed from helping one classroom to helping one school to helping an entire district. Silvia is the head researcher at DataWORKS.
"I flagged page after page. I had been a classroom teacher for ten years and was unaware of many of the EDI strategies.-- Peter Whitmore, Collaborative Coach
"Before EDI, our school was a ship adrift at sea with everyone rowing in different directions. EDI has provided us with a framework for instruction and a common language that allowed us to all row in the same direction. By doing so, we exited program improvement within the first two years of implementation, after having been in sanctions for the previous ten years. Additionally, using the framework and common language of EDI we were named a 2015 honor roll school by the Educational Results Partnership."-- Benjamin Luis, Principal
"Gansevoort was one of the first schools in our district to get off the focus list. I attribute a lot of that to the EDI strategies."-- Kathy A. Bragan, Director of Support Services
"Once teachers experienced EDI, they saw the value. Many teachers have told me they can't remember how they taught before."-- Dr. Wesley Severs, Principal
"EDI makes students accountable. They see now that school is a place to work and learn and play, and they love it. Because even though it is hard, they are doing well."-- Trudy Cox, School Instructional Coach
"Fast-paced, interactive, and highly useful! Thanks!"-- Tami Francis, Vice Principal
"This was so practical, informative, and inspiring! I loved the modeling and being able to see how to do this kind of teaching. So much to love!"-- Brielyn Flones, 8th Grade ELD Teacher
"Thank you for giving us real strategies that I can take to my classroom and use right away!"-- Darla MacDonald, 2nd Grade Teacher
"EDI keeps students engaged throughout the lesson! It gives students the opportunity to speak and listen to each other during the lesson. Students discuss vocabulary and read aloud during EDI which gives them practice in Reading, Speaking, Listening, and Writing. Students do all the work during a lesson! Pair-Share is a great strategy to help English Learners with speaking and practicing the vocabulary!"-- Yvette Mezzanatto, 5th Grade Teacher
"EDI training has helped our teachers develop lessons that are more rigorous and engaging for our English Language Learners."-- Fidelina Saso, Assistant Superintendent
"One of our specialties is research on instruction and training. In both K-12 education and in higher education, we find that the features of the DataWORKS program fit all of the research that we think is the best evidence right now. You owe it to yourself and to your students to at least give it a try."-- Dr. Richard Clark, Director of the Center for Cognitive Technology
"I would like all teachers in our district to be exposed to DataWORKS. Only then will there be systemic change for our students."
"Students in an EDI classroom share the teaching responsibilities. They eagerly participate during Pair-Share and remind the teacher if s/he has forgotten "their time." It is a very non-threatening environment and students are prepared for success."
"EDI totally transformed my teaching of both children and adults. It is research-based, easy to use, and rewarding for both the teacher and the students. Most importantly, it works!"-- Dr. Christopher J. Quinn, Associate Professor Emeritus, School of Education
"EDI is a difference maker for all students. High achievers are given the opportunity to explore the curriculum in depth and at the highest level. Challenged students are provided scaffolds and support so they can access what is being taught."-- Allan Waterman, Retired Principal
"What is the best way to teach students? The answer is Explicit Direct Instruction. I am a retired principal, director, and adjunct professor in California. I have been using the model of EDI published by DataWORKS for the past 10 years. I have taught it to teachers and future administrators. I have also used it in teaching my own adult students."-- Alice Rodriguez, Ed.D.