Contents: Part I: Overviews and Perspectives. R.R. Hoffman, Introduction: A Context for "Out of Context". E. Hunt, S. Joslyn, The Dynamics of the Relation Between Applied and Basic Research. C. Bonaceto, K. Burns, A Survey of the Methods and Uses of Cognitive Engineering. Part II: Making Sense of Things. L. Alison, E. Barrett, J. Crego, Pragmatic Research in Criminal Investigative Decision Making: Projects From the National Centre for the Study of Critical Incident Decision Making. R. Lipshitz, A. Sender, M. Omodei, J. McLennan, A. Wearing, What's Burning? The R.A.W.F.S. Heuristic on the Fire Ground. G. Klein, J.K. Phillips, E.L. Rall, D.A. Peluso, A Data/Frame Theory of Sensemaking. Part III: Tools for Thinking Out of Context. L. Militello, L. Quill, Strategies for Understanding a New Domain: Expert Apprentice vs. Incident-Based Methods. K. van den Bosch, M.M. deBeer, Play a Winning Game: The Implementation of Critical Thinking Training. H.N. Maier, K.H. Taber, Measurement of Initiative in High-Speed Tactical Decision Making. M.S. Cohen, L. Adelman, T.A. Bresnick, E. Salas, S. Riedel, Dialogue as Medium (and Message) for Training Critical Thinking: An Initial Test. Part IV: Coping With Uncertainty in a Changing Workplace. K. Burns, Improving Intuition With Bayesian Boxes: On Cognitive Difficulties in Combining Probabilities. S.G. Hutchins, P. Pirolli, S. Card, A New Perspective on Use of the Critical Decision Method With Intelligence Analysts. J.A. Ballas, Human Centered Computing for Tactical Weather Forecasting: An Example of the Moving Target Rule. S.S. Kirschenbaum, J.G. Trafton, E. Pratt, Comparative Cognitive Task Analysis. J.G. Trafton, R.R. Hoffman, Computer-Aided Visualization in Meteorology. D.W. Klinger, B.B. Hahn, E. Rall, Cognitive Task Analysis of the Warning Forecaster's Task: An Invitation for Human-Centered Technologies. Part V: Teams Out of Context. F.J. Brown, Applying NDM to World Security Needs: Perspectives of a US Military Practitioner. J. Graham, C. Gonzalez, M. Schneider, A Dynamic Network Analysis of an Organization With Expertise Out of Context. C.S. Burke, K. Hess, E. Salas, H. Priest, M. Paley, Preparing for Operation in Complex Environments: The Leadership of Multicultural Teams. W. Warwick, R.J.B. Hutton, Computational and Theoretical Perspectives on Recognition-Primed Decision Making. D.L. Harville, L.R. Elliott, C. Barnes, Analysis of Team Communication and Performance During Sustained Command and Control Operations. H.A. Klein, D. Steele-Johnson, Preparing for Multinational Collaboration: From the Laboratory to the Field. C.S. Burke, E. Salas, S. Estep, L. Pierce, Facilitation Team Adaptation `In The Wild:' A Theoretical Framework, Instructional Strategies, and Research Agenda.