List of Illustrations ix Introduction: The American Revolution and the Origins of Democratic Modernity 1 1 First Rumblings 25 2 A Republican Revolution 36 3 Revolutionary Constitutionalism and the Federal Union (1776-90) 70 4 Schooling Republicans 90 5 Benjamin Franklin: "American Icon"? 113 6 Black Emancipation: Confronting Slavery in the New Republic 140 7 Expropriating the Native Americans 158 8 Whites Dispossessed 174 9 Canada: An Ideological Conflict 191 10 John Adams's "American Revolution" 211 11 Jefferson's French Revolution 246 12 A Tragic Case: The Irish Revolution (1775-98) 285 13 America's "Conservative Turn": The Emerging "Party System" in the 1790 321 14 America and the Haitian Revolution 361 15 Louisiana and the Principles of '7 385 16 A Revolutionary Era: Napoleon, Spain, and the Americas (1808-15) 423 17 Reaction, Radicalism, and Americanisme under "the Restoration" (1814-30) 456 18 The Greek Revolution (1770-1830) 495 19 The Freedom-Fighters of the 1830 512 20 The Revolutions of 1848 Democratic Republicanism versus Socialism 547 21 American Reaction (1848-52) 568 Conclusion: "Exceptionalism," Populism, and the Radical Enlightenment's Demise 600 Notes 615 Bibliography 683 Index 727
Jonathan Israel is professor emeritus of modern history at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. His many books include Revolutionary Ideas: An Intellectual History of the French Revolution from "The Rights of Man" to Robespierre and A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy (both Princeton).
"One of Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Books of 2017 in American
"Honorable Mention for the 2018 PROSE Award in U.S. History, Association of American Publishers"
"The Expanding Blaze is studded with interesting facts. . . . An important, necessary and convincing argument overall."---Elizabeth Cobbs, Times Higher Education
"This book's wide-angle account of the nineteenth-century spread of revolutionary democratic ideals makes it impossible to see the American founding as simply a national event; it was, in reality, nothing less than a battle of ideas played out on a global stage."---G. John Ikenberry, Foreign Affairs
"The Expanding Blaze: How the American Revolution Ignited the World 1775-1848 offers a full blast of Israel from its very first page."---Catherine O'Donnell, Journal of Southern History
"Six decades after R. R. Palmer's epic Age of the Democratic Revolution, Jonathan Israel has revived and powerfully extended the argument about the world-shaking reach of the radical ideas of the American Revolution-universal and equal rights, democratic republicanism, secular rather than religious rule, and justice for all. In a shrewd, captivating analysis of the Atlantic-wide contest between the moderate and radical elements of the Enlightenment from the American Revolution to the revolutions of 1848, Israel shows that while the lamp of radical Enlightenment ideas could be deplored, dampened, and suppressed, it was impossible for generations to extinguish what Thomas Paine called `sparks from the altar of Seventy-six.'"-Gary B. Nash, author of The Unknown American Revolution: The Unruly Birth of Democracy and the Struggle to Create America
"Jonathan Israel reveals an American Revolution radical in its philosophical inspiration, global in its impact, and universal in its conviction that the cause of America is the cause of all humankind. With a sweep that brings black emancipation, the expropriation of native populations, and revolutions on three continents into a worldwide panorama, The Expanding Blaze illuminates a past that we only thought we knew. This is the Revolution as America's founders and their far-flung successors experienced it."-Matthew Stewart, author of Nature's God: The Heretical Origins of the American Republic
"With The Expanding Blaze, Jonathan Israel more than makes good his claim to be the only real successor to Enlightenment historians Peter Gay and R. R. Palmer. Indeed, Israel surpasses both, by joining their themes and ambitions in a single totalizing vision. His book combines a sweeping interpretation of the Enlightenment and a comprehensive account of the age of democratic revolution."-Johnson Kent Wright, Arizona State University