Each chapter includes a "For Reflection and Discussion" section. Preface to the Instructor: Guidelines for a Case Study Analysis: Introduction: On the Practical Importance of Ethics PART I: INTRODUCING ETHICS Chapter One: The Nature of Morality I. What is Ethics? II. Moral Claims III. Non-Moral Normative Claims IV. Characterizing Moral Claims Case 1: The Real Price of Coffee: Case 2: Jurassic Kitty: Should I Clone My Cat?: Chapter Two: Moral and Non-moral Values I. The Role of Values II. Fundamental and Instrumental Values III. Explanation and Fundamental Values Values Exercise Case 1: Mr. Research: Case 2: Sex Selection: Chapter Three: Personal Autonomy and Moral Agency I. Introduction II. Personal Autonomy III. Exercising Moral Agency IV. Value-Free and Value-Guided Autonomy Case 1: Elizabeth Bouvia: Case 2: Should the Drinking Age be 18?: Case 3: The Living Will: Case 4: Buy Now, Pay Later: Student Credit Card Debt: Chapter Four: Moral Relativism I. Introduction II. The Claims of Moral Relativism III. Evaluating Subjectivism IV. Considerations in Support of Popular Relativism V. Arguments against Relativism VI. A Matter of Tolerance VII. Can Moral Relativism Supply Something that Objectivism Cannot? Case 1: Female Genital Mutilation: Case 2: Religious Exemption and the Death of Matthew Swan: Case 3: Women in the Middle East: Chapter Five: Moral Reasoning and Ethical Theories I. Introduction II. Moral Reasoning, Principles and Judgments III. Fundamental Moral Principles IV. Ethical Theories and their Assessment Case 1: Guess Who's Not Coming to Dinner: Case 2: Who's Responsible for Obesity?: PART II: A SURVEY OF ETHICAL THEORIES AND PERSPECTIVES Chapter Six: Consequentialist Ethics: Egoism I. Introduction II. Hedonism and Consequentialism III. Utility and Mill's Account of Qualities IV. Ethical Egoism V. Psychological Egoism Case 1: Human Trafficking: Case 2: Sponsoring a Child: Chapter Seven: Consequentialist Ethics: Act Utilitarianism I. Introduction II. The Theory of Act Utilitarianism III. Considerations Supporting Act Utilitarianism IV. Problems with Act Utilitarianism V. Beyond Classical Utilitarianism Case 1: Should Your Next Car be a Hybrid?: Case 2: Factory Farming and the Suffering of Animals: Case 3: Torture Lite: Chapter Eight: Consequentialist Ethics: Rule Utilitarianism I. Introduction II. Rule Utilitarianism III. Comparing Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism IV. Problems with Rule Utilitarianism V. The Issue of Justice Case 1: Zero Tolerance Policies and Student Misconduct: Case 2: Curbing Grade Inflation: Case 3: Global Warming and Oil: Case 4: Stem Cells and Parkinson's Disease: Case 5: Universal Health Care: Chapter Nine: Deontological Ethics I. Introduction II. Ross's Ethics III. Kant's Theory - the Good Will IV. Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Ends V. Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Universal Law VI. Kant's Categorical Imperative: Principle of Autonomy VII. Criticisms of Kantian Ethics Case 1: A Demanding Honor Code: Case 2: The Ayala Case: Case 3: Internet Bride - Straight from Asia: Case 4: A Personal Decision: Case 5: Beefy Burgers and a Lean Future: Chapter Ten: Natural Ethics: Natural Law and Natural Rights I. Introduction II. Natural Law Theory III. Addressing Moral Conflicts IV. Some Problems for Natural Law Theory V. Natural Rights VI. Some Distinctions VII. Some Concerns with Rights Case 1: Relieving Pain in a Dying Patient: Case 2: Birth Control: Case 3: Locke and Load: Lockean Rights and Gun Control: Case 4: Just-War Theory and the Killing of Non-Combatants: Case 5: Permanent Vegetative State: The Case of Terri Schiavo: Chapter Eleven: Virtue Ethics I. Introduction II. A Critique of Principle-based Ethics III. The Heart of Virtue Ethics IV. Aristotle's Virtue Ethics V. Classifying the Virtues VI. Criticisms of Virtue Ethics Case 1: Video Games: Case 2: Compulsive Gambling and the Internet: Case 3: The Unlikely Rescue: Case 4: Moral Luck: Chapter Twelve: The Ethics of Care I. Introduction II. The Development of Care Ethics III. Foundations for an Ethics of Care IV. Care Theory and Virtue Ethics V. A Blueprint for Reform VI. Objections and Problems VII. A Concluding Reflection Case 1: Parent Responsibility Towards Their in Utero Child: Case 2: The Nestle Boycott: Case 3: Absolute Poverty: Chapter Thirteen: Ethics and Religion I. Introduction II. The Autonomy Thesis and Religion III. Divine Command Theory IV. An Alternate Dependency Account V. Objections and Elaborations VI. The Alternate Dependency Account and Completeness Case 1: Religious Symbols and Public Schools: Case 2: By Divine Command?: Case 3: A Question of Authority: Chapter Fourteen: Ethics and Practice I. In Search of a Comprehensive Ethical Account II. The Practical Dimension: Making Moral Choices Case 1: Surfer, Sailor, Whistle-Blower: Index:
Richard Burnor is Professor of Philosophy at Felician College. Dr. Burnor has also published articles in the philosophy of science, metaphysics, and teaching philosophy. Yvonne Raley is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Felician College, and has published articles in metaphysics and ethics.
"The discussions of the standard arguments in moral theory are without exception clear and accurate. The case studies are engaging and will without a doubt be pedagogically useful. Students will be left with a profound sense of the complexity of moral reasoning."--Robert Talisse, Vanderbilt University "This text is clearly superior . . . in nearly every respect. The authors' commitment to looking at each side of the issue is really quite impressive and exactly what is needed to develop our students' ability to think less one-sidedly. I would be quite likely to adopt this text. I, like many, have long-waited an alternative to Rachels: The Elements of Moral Philosophy. I believe that this may be it."--Sarah Black Jones, Northern Michigan University