Introduction The End of Metaphysics? Old and New Metaphysics Plan of the Book Metaphysical vs. Epistemological "Emergence" 1. What is Metaphysics?: Transcendental Knowledge Kinds of Knowledge Characterizing Metaphysical Knowledge The Possible and the Actual Part I: The Ancient Crisis 2. Parmenides' Challenge: Truth or Seeming The One and the Many Physicalist and Idealist Reductionism Genus and Difference Parmenides' Two Ways Seeming and the Sophists 3. Plato's Response: The Form of Difference Plato's Program Plato's Parmenides Plato's Sophist A Note on Dialectic Conclusion 4. Aristotle's Response: Differentiated Individuals Physicalist and Idealist Reductionism Focal Meaning (pirhoosigmaf epsilonnu Equivocation) Substance: Neither Substratum nor Genus Are Aggregates Substances? Individuation and Differentiation Archaic vs. Contemporary Aristotle Conclusion Part II: The Modern Crisis 5. Hume's Challenge: Matters of Fact or Relations of Ideas Analytic and Synthetic Propositions Formal Necessity or Material Contingency 6. Kant's Response: Straining against Formalism Idealist (Logical) and Physicalist (Sensory) Formalism Beyond Pure Formalism? Analysis as "Improvement" of Form Synthetic A Priori Principles of Empirical Inquiry Teleological Judgment beyond the Limits of Formalism The Non-Derivability of the Actual from the Possible Formalism and Surrogate Content Essential Difference: Necessity without Universality 7. Hegel's Response: A Material Logic Platonic Definition Categories as Definitions of Absolute Dialectical Inference Successive Definitions: Dialectic and the Logic of Correction The Problem of Differentiation and Hegel's Logic Epistemic vs. Ontological Amplification Hegel's Metaphysics of Physical Entities Conclusion Anti-Reductionism after Hegel Part III: Toward a Metaphysics of Emergence 8. Physical Emergence: The Constraint Interpretation Actualizing Constraints Individualizing Constraints Differentiating Constraints The Ontology of Emergence Are Artifacts and Aggregates Physical Entities? Are Atoms and Molecules Physical Entities? Conclusion 9. Life and Mind: The Autonomy of Form The Distinctive Challenges of a Non-Formalist Metaphysics Beyond Purely Physical Emergence The Emergence of Life The Emergence of Mind Autonomy and Dualism Notes Bibliography Index
James Blachowicz is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Chicago. He is the author of Of Two Minds: The Nature of Inquiry, also published by SUNY Press.