I: Introductory 1: Early Enlightenment, Revolution, and the Modern Age 2: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity II: The Crisis of Religious Authority 3: Faith and Reason: Bayle versus the Rationaux 4: Demolishing Priesthood, Ancient and Modern 5: Socinianism and the Social, Psychological, and Cultural Roots of Enlightenment 6: Locke, Bayle, and Spinoza: A Contest of Three Toleration Doctrines 7: Germany and the Baltic: Enlightenment, Society, and the Universities 8: Newtonianism and Anti-Newtonianism in the Early Enlightenment: Science, Philosophy, and Religion III: Political Emancipation 9: Anit-Hobbesianism and the Making of 'Modernity' 10: The Origins of Modern Democratic Republicanism 11: Bayle, Boulainvilliers, Montesquieu: Secular Monarchy versus the Aristocratic Republic 12: 'Enlightened Despotism': Autocracy, Faith, and Enlightenment in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe 1689-1755 13: Popular Sovereignty, Resistance, and the 'Right to Revolution' 14: Anglomania, anglicisme, and the 'British Model' 15: The Triumph of the 'Moderate Enlightenment' in the United Provinces IV: Intellectual Emancipation 16: The Overthrow of Humanist Criticism 17: The Recovery of Greek Thought 18: The Rise of 'History of Philosophy' 19: From 'History of Philosophy' to Histoire de l'Esprit humain 20: Italy, the Two Enlightenments, and Vico's 'New Science' V: The Party of Humanity 21: The Problem of Equality 22: Sex, Marriage, and the Equality of Women 23: Race, Radical Thought, and the Advent of Anti-Colonialism 24: Rethinking Islam: Philosophy and the 'Other' 25: Spinoza, Confucius, and Classical Chinese Philosophy 26: Is Religion Requisite for a Well-Ordered Society? VI: Radical Philosophes 27: The French Enlightenment prior to Voltaire's Lettres Philosophiques (1734) 28: Men, Animals, Fossils: French Hylozoic materialisme before Diderot 29: Realigning of the parti philosophique: Voltair, Voltairemanie, antivoltairianisme 1733-1747 30: From Voltaire to Diderot 31: The 'Unvirtuous Atheist' 32: The parti philosophique Embraces the Radical Enlightenment 1747-1752 33: The 'War of the Encyclopedie: The First Stage 1745-1752 34: Postscript Bibliography Index
Jonathan Israel is Professor of Modern European History, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
`Review from previous edition 'Brilliantly presented and dense with learning.' ' - Simon Blackburn, THES `'An enormously impressive piece of scholarship. The breadth and depth of the author's reading are breathtaking and Enlightenment Contested is set to become the definitive work for philosophers as well as historians on this extraordinary period.' ' - Keith Richmond, Tribune `'Mr Israel's groundbreaking interpretation looks set to establish itself as the one to beat.' ' - The Economist `'Evocative and compelling.' ' - John Dunn, Literary Review `'Enlightenment Contested is full of wonderful things' ' - John Dunn, Literary Review