1: Zenobia in History; 2: Palmyra and Rome; 3: Septimius Odenathus, Corrector Totius Orientis; 4: Zenobia Widowed; 5: Septimia Zenobia Augusta; 6: Aurelian and the Roman Recovery; 7: Aftermath.
Pat Southern is an expert on Classical History and is the author of many authoritative books in this area including The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine, The Late Roman Army and biographies of Augustus and Domitian (all published by Routledge).
"A detailed evaluation of current Zenobian studies, taking robust
stands on disputed points, such as the lack of evidence for
3rd-century city walls protecting Palmyra ... and Zenobia's
ultimate fate." - The Times Higher Education Supplement
"Verdict: Southern's biography is an accessible and vital addition to Roman historical knowledge. Exhaustive research and extensive footnotes make this an excellent aid to undergraduate or graduate research. Recommended for academic libraries. Background: Southern (The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine; The Roman Army) examines the life and times of Zenobia, who ruled Palmyra as regent to her son, Vaballathus, in the late third century C.E. The author skillfully presents the turbulent world of the late Roman Empire and Zenobia's rise to power. Using historical records and archaeological evidence, Southern portrays Zenobia as less of a rebel or power-hungry ruler than a leader who had the interest of her people and the security of her realm at heart; she also carefully considers other theories and opinions that have arisen over the centuries." - Melinda Gottesman, Library Journal (Xpress Reviews), February 15, 2009