Dutch for Dummies +CD


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Table of Contents

Introduction 1

About This Book 1

Conventions Used in This Book 1

Foolish Assumptions 3

How This Book Is Organised 3

Part I: Getting Started 3

Part II: Dutch in Action 4

Part III: Dutch on the Go 4

Part IV: The Part of Tens 4

Part V: Appendixes 4

Icons Used in This Book 4

Where to Go from Here 5

Part I: Getting Started 7 Chapter 1: You Already Know Some Dutch 9

The Dutch You Know Already 9

Close relatives 9

Kissing cousins 10

Dunglish 10

Street language for Dummies 12

Useful Responses and Wishes 13

A Mouthful of Pronunciation Rules 14

Dealing with pronunciation in this book 15

Reciting Your ABC 15

Pronouncing Vowels 16

The vowel a 16

Open and closed syllables 17

The vowel e 18

The vowel i 18

The vowel o 19

The vowel u 20

Pronouncing Dutch Diphthongs 20

Pronouncing the diphthongs ei and ij 20

The diphthong oe 21

The diphthongs ou and au 21

The diphthong eu 22

The diphthong ui 22

Pronouncing Consonants 23

Pronouncing the Dutch 'g' 24

Pronunciation and Stress 25

Questioning and Exclaiming 26

Chapter 2: Low-cal Grammar: Just the Basics 27

Parts of Speech 28

Using the Definite Articles 'de' and 'het' 28

Using the Indefinite Article 'een' 29

Relating Adjectives to 'de' and 'het' Words 31

Finding Your Way with Prepositions 32

Prepositions of place: aan, binnen, buiten, in, langs, op, over, tegen, tot, and tussen 32

Prepositions of time: aan, in, na, sinds, tot, voor 34

Phrasal verbs: verbs that go together with a preposition 34

The Tenses: Present, Perfect, and Past 35

Using the present tense 37

Mother's little helper: using the perfect tense 37

Talking about former times: using the past tense 39

Talking about the future 42

Five Basic Sentence Constructions 44

Construction one: in normal sentences the verb goes second 44

Construction two: after an expression of time, the verb comes first 45

Construction three: after an expression of place, the verb comes first 46

Construction four: after 'misschien', 'soms' and 'toch', the verb comes first 47

Construction five: in questions, the verb comes first 47

Chapter 3: Number Magic: All Kinds of Counting 49

1, 2, 3 - Cardinal Numbers 49

Over 1000 51

Doing sums 53

Playing with fractions, per cents, and metres 53

Discovering Ordinal Numbers 55

Using ordinal numbers 55

Telling Time: Klokkijken 57

You can tell time 57

Rock around the clock 58

In the morning, in the evening? 59

Days, Months, Seasons 59

Making them small 60

Getting used to the Dutch seasons 61

Part II: Dutch in Action 65 Chapter 4: Greetings and Introductions 67

Being Formal and Informal 67

Hallo! Greetings 68

The how question: how are you? 70

Giving the right answer 71

Introducing Yourself 73

Introducing Others 74

Introductions at special occasions 75

Saying Goodbye 76

Chatting about Towns, Countries, and Languages 76

Telling where you are from 77

To be: the verb 'zijn' 78

Asking Where Somebody Is From 79

To come: komen 80

Learning Something about Nationalities 80

Using these terms in a sentence 81

Chatting about languages 82

Chapter 5: Getting to Know Each Other Better 85

Inviting the Other to Talk 85

Talking about Yourself 87

Talking about your work 87

Asking and giving a telephone number 88

Telling about your family 91

Negating: 'niet' and 'geen' 94

Talking How's about the Weather 95

How's the weather? 95

Talking about the temperature 96

Chapter 6: Enjoying a Meal and Eating Out 99

Enjoy Your Meal 99

Is it time to eat? 100

Setting the Table 101

Using more of them: plurals 102

Essential Verbs at the Table 104

To drink: the verb 'drinken' 104

To eat: the verb 'eten' 105

At the Restaurant 105

Choosing your restaurant 106

Places for lunch 107

Making a reservation 108

Entering a Restaurant and Sitting Down 110

Getting what you want: the verb 'willen' 111

Ordering something special: 'graag' 112

What's on the Menu? 112

Having breakfast or not: that's the question 113

Lunch strolling: to catch a flying bird 113

Taking Your Time for Dinner 114

Starters 114

Main dishes 115

Desserts 116

Drinks 116

Ordering something unusual 118

Handling the routine question 118

The bill, please 120

Your Own Restaurant at Home: Take-away Food 121

Separating your verbs The take-away food verb: 'meenemen' 121

Shopping for Food 123

Where to get your food? 123

Finding what you are looking for 123

Paying and getting change back 125

Cashing the question: Bonnetje erbij? 126

Shopping for Food at the Traditional Market 126

Handling the question: Mag het ietsje meer zijn? 127

Chapter 7: Shopping 'til You Drop 131

Finding the Best Places 131

Using the shopping verb: kopen 133

Getting Around the Store 133

Finding out politely 134

Just looking around 135

Getting help 135

Buying Clothes 136

Requesting colour and size 137

Knowing your size 138

Pointing: 'deze', 'die', 'dit', 'dat' 139

Getting the right fit and trying things on 141

Comparing Better or Best: The Degrees of Comparison 143

Asking for the price 145

Replacing 'de' and 'het' words 146

Shopping at the Traditional Market 148

Chapter 8: Making Leisure a Top Priority 149

The Days of the Week 149

Specifying when 150

City Life: A Never-ending Offer 151

What shall we do? 151

Using the going out verb: uitgaan 152

Using the verb 'stappen' 152

Going to the movies 153

Buying tickets 154

Having a Good Time at Festivals and Events 156

Enjoying a Concert 157

Visiting the Museum 157

Giving Your Opinion 158

Asking your opinion 158

Telling people what you think 159

Going to a Party 162

A birthday party 162

Birthday objection: the alternatives 163

Being Invited 164

Declining an invitation 164

Accepting 164

Talking about a party 165

Going Out of Town 165

Talking about Hobbies and Interests 166

Verzamelen' (collecting) 166

Telling people about your hobby 166

Reflexive Verbs: 'Zich ontspannen' 167

Leaving Town 169

Going for a walk 169

Biking: 'fietsen' 169

Going to an amusement park 170

Going to the beach 170

Watching the sea 172

Sport, Sports, Sports 172

The most popular ball game: 'voetbal' 172

Skating: 'schaatsen' 173

Boating: 'varen' and 'zeilen' 174

Playing golf: 'golfen' 175

The playing verb: 'spelen' 175

Sporting verbs: false friends 175

Chapter 9: When You Have to Work 177

Telephone Talk 177

Opening lines 179

Calling 179

Prompting the person you're talking to 180

Making the connection 180

Not being there: the routine 181

Making an appointment 181

Some special verbs: 'kunnen' and 'zullen' 184

Leaving a message 186

Spelling your name: the Dutch telephone alphabet 187

Better Send an E-Mail 188

Inside the Office 191

Mastering your desk and supplies 191

Small is beautiful: the diminutive 192

Dealing with the Dutch 194

Doen: the doing verb 194

Maken: the making verb 195

Saying hello and goodbye 196

Dealing with Your Colleagues 197

Part III: Dutch on the Go 199 Chapter 10: Money, Banks, and Post Offices 201

Changing Money 201

PINs and Chips 204

Pins and chips everywhere 205

Knowing What You Are Talking about: 'Die', 'dat', 'wat' 206

At the Bank 208

Internet banking 208

'Acceptgiro' and 'automatische overschrijving' 209

At the Post Office 209

Chapter 11: Asking for Directions 215

Going North, South, East, and West 215

Asking for help with directions 216

How far is it? 217

Going 'hier' and 'daar' 218

Asking how to get there 219

Describing a Position or a Location 220

The preposition 'to' 220

Finding Your Way: 'Rechts', 'links', 'rechtdoor' 222

Left and right 222

Travelling by car 223

Understanding where to cross and turn 224

Doing first things first: 'eerst', 'dan', 'daarna' 225

Coming into action 227

By Car, Train, Bus, or Plane: 'Gaan' 227

Chapter 12: Staying in a Hotel 231

Looking for a Hotel 231

Reserving the room 232

Telling when you arrive and how long you want to stay 232

Telling what kind of room you want 233

Asking the price 234

Finalising the reservation 234

Checking In 237

How long are you staying? 237

Filling in the registration form 237

Possessive pronouns: 'mijn', 'jouw', and the rest 239

Extras and facilities 241

The hotel 241

Checking Out and Paying the Bill 244

To ask for the bill 244

Asking about special charges 244

Using separable verbs in the perfect and the past 245

Leaving 246

Chapter 13: Using Transport 249

At the Airport 249

Getting your ticket 249

Checking in 250

Going through passport control 253

Going through customs 254

Travelling by Car 255

Renting a car 255

Understanding maps and road signs 260

Verbs in the past tense: some irregular ones 267

Getting to work 270

Mopeds and scooters 271

The Train Station 273

Buying tickets 273

Reading timetables 278

Asking for information 279

Going by Bus, Tram, Metro, or Taxi 279

Taking the bus or tram 279

Taking a taxi 282

Chapter 14: Coping with Emergencies 283

Asking for Help in Case of Accidents and Emergencies 283

Crying for help 283

Reporting a problem 284

Asking for help in your own language 285

Solving a problem on the road 285

Talking to a Doctor 286

Describing what's wrong with you 286

Announcing any special conditions 289

The present perfect of verbs that start

with ont-, be-, ge-, her-, ver-, and er- 290

Being examined 291

Understanding the diagnosis 292

Getting treatment 295

Going to the Dentist 296

Understanding the diagnosis 296

Understanding what the dentist is going to do 297

Talking to the Police 297

Describing what has been stolen 298

Answering questions of the police 299

Protecting your rights abroad 300

Part IV: The Part of Tens 303 Chapter 15: Ten Ways to Pick Up Dutch Quickly 305

Learning Dutch in the Street 305

Looking Things Up in the Dictionary 305

Writing Your Own Dictionary 306

Verbs in Your Pocket 306

Using the Downloadable Content of This Book 307

Listening to Dutch Radio and TV 307

Celebrating a Dutch Hour 307

Asking the Dutch to Explain 308

Reading the Free Papers 308

Surfing the Net 308

Chapter 16: Five Things You Should Never Say 309

Nice Car, How Much Did It Cost? 309

Give Me a Cup of Coffee! 309

I Couldn't Sleep at All Last Night 309

How Much Money Do You Make? 310

The Dutch Are Boring! 310

Chapter 17: Ten Favourite Dutch Expressions 311

We bellen he? 311

Ik ga het niet redden 311

Niet te geloven 311

Tjonge jonge 312

Mij niet gezien 312

Echt niet! 312

Maakt niet uit 313

Niet verkeerd 313

Wat leuk! 313

Ik ga ervoor 313

Chapter 18: Ten Public Holidays to Remember 315

Oudejaarsavond en nieuwjaarsdag 315

Carnaval 315

Pasen 316

Koninginnedag 316

Dodenherdenking en Bevrijdingsdag 317

Hemelvaartsdag 317

Pinksteren 317

Sint-Maarten 318

Sinterklaas 318

Kerstmis 318

Chapter 19: Ten Phrases That Make You Sound Professional 321

Komt het gelegen? 321

Stoor ik? 321

Je hebt gelijk! 322

Afgesproken 322

Ik hoor het graag 322

Klopt dat? 322

Wat is er aan de hand? 323

Daar word ik niet blij van 323

Daar zitten wij niet op te wachten 323

Dat is koffiedik kijken 323

Part V: Appendixes 325

Appendix A: Dutch Verbs 327

Regular Verbs 327

Separable verbs 327

Reflexive verbs 328

Irregular Dutch Verbs 328

Appendix B: Minidictionary 341

Dutch - English 341

English - Dutch 348

Appendix C: About the Downloadable Content 355

Index 357

About the Author

Margreet Kwakernaak has taught Dutch to foreign students for over ten years. She is the founder and director of Suitcase Talen, a language school in Almere, the Netherlands.

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