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The Drilling Manual


Product Description
Product Details

Table of Contents

Drillers and Their Industry

Profile of a driller

Occupational skills

Working as part of a team

Drilling industry sectors

Drilling objectives

Introduction to drilling methods Mathematics and Mechanics Measurement and calculations Velocity and flow rates Mass, density, force, and pressure Levers, torque, and rotation Centre of gravity and stability Stress and strength of materials Hydraulics Bit pressure and drill string loads Drill rig ratings Drill pipe stretch and elongation Drilling Operations and Methods Introduction Cutting and drilling actions Methods of drilling The connection to the bit Sampling Cable-tool and hydraulic drilling Cable-tool bits Cable-tool operation Auger drilling Auger drilling practice Rotary drilling Rotary bits and tools Rotary drilling practice Rotary drilling tasks Rotary Mud Drilling Rotary Air Drilling Slim-hole rotary and core drilling Core drilling Top-hole hammer drilling Raise boring Sonic drilling Pile top drilling Push or drive boring and sampling Dutch cone probing Vibracoring In-hole water or mud hammer drilling Coiled tube drilling Vacuum drilling Drills, Pipes, and Auxiliary Equipment Drilling machines Drilling machine rating capacity Transmissions Hoists and winches Rig hydraulics Drilling instruments Pipes and pipe threads Other drill strings Drill string handling Casing - hole design Downhole motors and hammers Compressors Circulating pumps and swivels Automated and remote control drilling Maintenance Rig maintenance Engines Transmissions Maintaining the hydraulic systems Filters Vehicles Compressors and air systems Ancillary equipment and drilling tools Safe use and care of tools Electricity Circulation Fluids and Grouting Fluids for cleaning and stabilising Drilling muds The circulation system Stabilisation using circulating fluids Overcoming lost circulation using muds Air and foam circulation Testing and treating muds Mud mixes for different drilling methods Mud mixing and cleaning equipment Stabilising and sealing boreholes with cement Minimum requirements for cementing and sealing casing Cementing and sealing casing practice Sealing boreholes and casing with bentonite grout slurry Tests and Measurements Hole depth and diameter measurements Surveying deep holes Wire line surveys Core orientation Downhole inspection Geophysical logging Borehole fluid measurements Test pumping water bores Packer testing Soil penetration tests Measurement of subsurface movement Measurement of formation pore pressure Testing soil samples Drilling Applications and Sectors Introduction Blast hole drilling - Surface Blast hole drilling - underground Environmental drilling and sampling Foundation drilling Geotechnical drilling Geothermal drilling Exploration drilling Mineral production and development drilling Oil/Gas drilling - Onshore Oil/Gas drilling - Well control Seismic drilling Trenchless technology Water exploration drilling Water well drilling and construction Well construction - Screen selection Well construction - Screen placement Well construction - Artificial packs Well development Well development procedures Well construction - Eliminating contamination Well maintenance and rehabilitation Borehole decommissioning Overcoming Downhole Problems Decisions and problem solving Deeper holes accentuate problems Drill pipe sticking and recovery Problem formations Fishing principles Fishing tools and their operation Hazardous gases Problems during well control procedures Geology and Mapping for Drillers Benefits of knowing geology Some geological basics Defining drillability and stability Relating rock classification and structural geology to drillability and stability Groundwater occurrence and movement Occurrences of pressurised water Map reading and use Global positioning systems (GPS) Information: Logs, Records, and Reports Recording information The driller's log - What is it for? Shift or daily reports Records of drilling tools Cost records Hole records Legal requirements for reporting Workplace health, safety, environmental management, and reporting A Guide to Rig and Crew Management The driller's broad responsibilities The management process Defining the objective The drilling plan Carrying out the drilling plan Monitoring the drilling Continuous improvement Managing the workplace health, safety and environment (WHS&E) The owner-operator Tendering for work Financial management Conclusion Appendixes A. Abbreviations and Acronyms B. Glossary of General Drilling Terms C. Drilling Industry Associations and related bodies D. References and Further Reading Index

About the Author

The Australian Drilling Industry Training Committee Ltd authors this work, and is a not-for-profit industry body which formally represents all sectors of the Drilling Industry in matters relevant to vocational competence. It has a primary focus on assisting the industry to use professional practice. Principal technical writer and editor: Robert Maxwell (Max) King MIEAust CPEng: Associate of the Western Australian School of Mines (General Engineering). Member of the Institution of Engineers Australia (Chartered Professional Engineer). Diploma in Occupational Safety and Health (Curtin University Western Australia). Western Australian Underground Shift Supervisors Certificate. Certificate IV in Assessment and Workplace Training - TAE40110. Diploma of Drilling Operations - RII50909, Advanced Diploma in Drilling Management - RII60409. 50 years' experience in the mining and drilling industries including underground and surface mining, owner-operator, drilling engineer, site manager and operator using a number of different drilling methods. Australian Drilling Industry Training Committee - Industry Steering Committee members: Virginia Hilliard: Editor and industry committee Chair. CEO of Australian Drilling Industry Training Committee (ADITC). Chair, National Uniform Driller Licensing Committee. Member of the Institute of Quarrying. Member of International Society of Explosives Engineers: 21 years in the drilling industry Leigh Davies: Chairman Australian Drilling Industry Training Committee; Managing Director, Davies International and Managing Director, Geotechnical Drilling Engineers: 43 years in the drilling industry Bruce Keogh: Principal Technical Officer, Drilling, Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland: 37 years in the drilling industry Gordon Stewart: Sales and Marketing Manager, Globaltech Corporation Pty Ltd: 17 years in the mining and exploration industry Kerry Brydon: Project Manager NSW, Lucas Drilling Pty Ltd: 37 years in the drilling industry Peter Kanck: Senior Manager - Product Development and Integration, Boart Longyear Asia Pacific: 40 years in the drilling industry The Steering Committee also formally acknowledges industry expertise contributed during the development of this Edition by a range of industry members across all sectors of the drilling industry.


"... an excellent reference guide and source of information in assisting myself and my business in developing and providing well informed, comprehensive and quality Training packages and Verification of Competency (VOC) tools in the field. ... very much a planning tool providing information on techniques, shortfalls, resources, quality assurances, recording and safety"
-James Hall, ADITC

"This book is a valuable industry resource."
-Tim Westcott, JSW Australia

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