Prologue Introduction Part I: Heading for the Military-Digital Complex 1. The resistance develops 2. The shahid and the normalization of occupation 3. A digital fortress: The Israeli military-digital complex 4. The istishhadi and the emergence of Palestinian electronic jihad Part II: Palestine 2.0 and the New Cyber-Warriors 5. Gaza Hacker Team: Electronic jihadists and script kiddies 6. From the nation to the umma 7. Islamic Jihad and Hamas: The Palestinian cyber-brigades 8. Does matter really matter? Palestinian ambivalence about electronic jihad Part III: When the Guns Fall Silent 9. A continuation of the armed struggle? 10. Final thoughts Epilogue
Erik Skare is an activist and editor for the pro-Palestinian website Infofada. He is also the author (in Norwegian) of Palestine: A Political Travel Guide.
'Is the hacktivist the new historical subject of Palestinian liberation? The hackers believe they're beyond politics, while the older, traditional freedom fighters are sceptical about the value of virtual conflict. It is this analysis of these divergences that makes Digital Jihad a vital read.' VICE 'Digital Jihad is an excellent discussion of the history and development of Palestinian activism ... useful for classes on resistance, activism, and conflict in the Middle East, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, youth movements, and cyber security'. Review of Middle East Studies "Hacking and hackers may nab major headlines, but concrete knowledge about this domain is still scant. Digital Jihad has helped fill this glaring gap. A well-researched and accessible mediation on Palestinian hacktivism." Gabriella Coleman, author of Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous "In his stunning and engaging new book, Erik Skare reveals how the Palestinian struggle has adapted to an era of instant and nearly ubiquitous communication that has spawned hacktivism as a major force for those challenging the status quo. An original and trailblazing study, this is a must read." Robert W. McChesney, co-author of People Get Ready: The Fight Against a Jobless Economy and a Citizenless Democracy "This excellent book provides a fascinating insight into the new generation of young Palestinians and their daily battle in cyberspace for the liberation of Palestine. A must read for anyone who wants to understand future trends in the evergreen Palestine conflict." Ilan Pappe, editor of Israel and South Africa: The Many Faces of Apartheid "This groundbreaking book takes us into the secret world of Palestinian hacktivism. Through a series of in-depth interviews, Skare presents a well-balanced and original account of Palestinian hacktivists, their ideology and role in the resistance." Anne Stenersen, Director of Terrorism Research, Norwegian Defence Research Establishment "An impressively engaging account of how 'facts on the ground' are being reverse-engineered, in true hacker style, to 'questions in cyberspace'. A fascinating exploration of the complex inter-weaving of both the social and technical aspects of an ever-evolving conflict." Paul Taylor, author of Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a Cause?