1.The Study of Crime 2.Classical Theory 3. Bio-criminology and Psychological Positivism 4. Strain Theory 5. Labelling Perspectives 6. Marxist Criminology 7. Feminist Perspectives 8. Realist Approaches 9. Republican Theory and Restorative Justice 10. Critical Criminology 11. Cultural and Postmodern Criminology 12. Conclusion
Rob White is a Professor of Criminology at the School of Social Sciences, University of Tasmania. Fiona Haines is a Professor of Criminology at the School of Social Sciences and Political Sciences, University of Melbourne. Nicole Asquith is an Associate Professor in Policing and Criminal Justice at the School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University.