List of Illustrations xi List of Tables xvii Notes on Contributors xix Acknowledgements xxviii 1 Introduction: The Scope of Paleopathology 1 Anne L. Grauer Part I Approaches, Perspectives and Issues 15 2 Ethics and Issues in the Use of Human Skeletal Remains in Paleopathology 17 Patricia M. Lambert 3 Evolutionary Thought in Paleopathology and the Rise of the Biocultural Approach 34 Molly K. Zuckerman, Bethany L. Turner, and George J. Armelagos 4 The Bioarchaeological Approach to Paleopathology 58 Michele R. Buzon 5 The Molecular Biological Approach in Paleopathology 76 James H. Gosman 6 The Ecological Approach: Understanding Past Diet and the Relationship Between Diet and Disease 97 M. Anne Katzenberg 7 An Epidemiological Approach to Paleopathology 114 Jesper L. Boldsen and George R. Milner 8 The Promise, the Problems, and the Future of DNA Analysis in Paleopathology Studies 133 Mark Spigelman, Dong Hoon Shin, and Gila Kahila Bar Gal 9 The Analysis and Interpretation of Mummifi ed Remains 152 Michael R. Zimmerman 10 The Study of Parasites Through Time: Archaeoparasitology and Paleoparasitology 170 Katharina Dittmar, Adauto Araujo, and Karl J. Reinhard 11 More Than Just Mad Cows: Exploring Human?Animal Relationships Through Animal Paleopathology 191 Beth Upex and Keith Dobney 12 How Does The History of Paleopathology Predict its Future? 214 Mary Lucas Powell and Della Collins Cook Part II Methods and Techniques of Inquiry 225 13 A Knowledge of Bone at the Cellular (Histological) Level is Essential to Paleopathology 227 Bruce D. Ragsdale and Larisa M. Lehmer 14 Differential Diagnosis and Issues in Disease Classifi cation 250 Donald J. Ortner 15 Estimating Age and Sex from the Skeleton, a Paleopathological Perspective 268 George R. Milner and Jesper L. Boldsen 16 The Relationship Between Paleopathology and the Clinical Sciences 285 Simon Mays 17 Integrating Historical Sources with Paleopathology 310 Piers D. Mitchell 18 Fundamentals of Paleoimaging Techniques: Bridging the Gap Between Physicists and Paleopathologists 324 Johann Wanek, Christina Papageorgopoulou, and Frank Ruhli 19 Data and Data Analysis Issues in Paleopathology 339 Ann L.W. Stodder Part III Diseases of the Past: Current Understandings and Controversies 357 20 Trauma 359 Margaret A. Judd and Rebecca Redfern 21 Developmental Disorders in the Skeleton 380 Ethne Barnes 22 Metabolic and Endocrine Diseases 401 Tomasz Koz?owski and Henryk W. Witas 23 Tumors: Problems of Differential Diagnosis in Paleopathology 420 Don Brothwell 24 Re-Emerging Infections: Developments in Bioarchaeological Contributions to Understanding Tuberculosis Today 434 Charlotte Roberts 25 Leprosy (Hansen?s disease) 458 Niels Lynnerup and Jesper Boldsen 26 Treponematosis: Past, Present, and Future 472 Della Collins Cook and Mary Lucas Powell 27 Nonspecifi c Infection in Paleopathology: Interpreting Periosteal Reactions 492 Darlene A. Weston 28 Joint Disease 513 Tony Waldron 29 Bioarchaeology's Holy Grail: The Reconstruction of Activity 531 Robert Jurmain, Francisca Alves Cardoso, Charlotte Henderson, and Sebastien Villotte 30 Oral Health in Past Populations: Context, Concepts and Controversies 553 John R. Lukacs Index 582
Anne L. Grauer is Professor in the Department ofAnthropology at Loyola University Chicago. She is the editor of Bodies of Evidence: Reconstructing History Through SkeletalAnalysis (1995) and co-editor of Sex and Gender inPaleopathological Perspective (with Stuart-Macadam, 1998). Shehas served on the editorial board of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, the executive board of the AmericanAssociation of Physical Anthropologists, and is a past President ofthe Paleopathology Association.
The book charts developing maturity reflecting theexcellent work of the early pioneers but emphasising the biggerquestions which research today facilitates such as how and whydiseases develop, determining their frequency in the past andidentifying how humans respond under different conditions andcircumstances. Such questions have relevance for understandingdiseases and their trajectories in contemporarypopulations. (Chromatographia, 1 August2013)