FiguresTablesPreface1Introduction3The Study of Economic Sanctions4The Study of International Cooperation7Methodology10Pt. 1Theory and Data132Model and Hypotheses15A Model of Economic Sanctions16Identifying Cooperation Problems25What Explains Cooperation?31Bandwagoning403Measuring Cooperation and Explanatory Variables46Measurement and Description: The Dependent Variable46Measurement and Description: Explanatory Variables544Estimating Models of Cooperation61Regression Analysis62Ordered-Probit Analysis67Event-Count Analysis74The Effect of Declining Hegemony86Pt. 2Case Studies935Human Rights in Latin America: Explaining Unilateral U.S. Sanctions99Congress versus the President: U.S. Human-Rights Policy, 1973-76101The Carter Administration106Economic Sanctions and the Multilateral Development Banks111Attitudes and Responses to U.S. Human-Rights Sanctions119Pinochet's Chile: U.S. Leadership or Resistance?1246The Falkland Islands Conflict131The Falklands Crisis, 1982132The Falklands and the European Community138Sanctions and War: The Case of Ireland153Responses of the United States, Latin America, and Others1597Western Technology-Export Controls169American, European, and Japanese Views on East-West Technology Transfer171Institutional Coordination of Export Controls: CoCom185Responding to the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, 1980191Responding to Dissident Trials, 19781988The Polish Crisis and Gas-Pipeline Sanctions204Martial Law in Poland and the Siberian Gas Pipeline206The Effect of Declining Hegemony225Siberian Gas and European Preferences228The Grain Embargo: Why It Mattered2349Conclusion241Explaining International Cooperation on Economic Sanctions241Additional Findings247Implications for Theories of International Cooperation and Economic Sanctions248Notes253Bibliography277Index293
Lisa L. Martin is Associate Professor of Political Science at Harvard University.
"As Martin acknowledges at the end of her fine scholarly book--a sophisticated conceptual approach matched to a well-articulated argument--more study needs to be given to the actual politics and to the psychology of international sanctions."--Alan K. Henrickson, Harvard International Review "A major theoretical and substantive contribution to the study of international cooperation and the imposition of economic sanctions."--Choice "A major theoretical and substantive contribution to the study of international cooperation and the imposition of economic sanctions."--Choice