(NOTE: New Readings noted by *.)I. MORALITY AND POLITICS. 1. Realism. The Melian Dialogue, Thucydides. From The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli. The War and American Churches, Reinhold Niebuhr. Political Power: A Realist Theory of International Politics, Hans J. Morgenthau. Diplomacy in the Modern World, George F. Kennan. 2. Just War and Idealism. Of War, Thomas Aquinas. The World Must Be Made Safe for Democracy; The Fourteen Points, Woodrow Wilson. 3. The Radical Critique. Patriotism and Government; Patriotism and Christianity, Leo Tolstoy. Means and Ends; Passive Resistance; The Atom Bomb, America and Japan, Mohandas K. Gandhi. Vietnam: Setting the Moral Equation, Howard Zinn. II. DEBATES OVER METHODS AND THEORY. 4. Defining International Relations Inquiry. Long Range Research in International Relations, Harold Guetzkow. International Theory: The Case for a Classical Approach, Hedley Bull. The Incompleat Theorist: Insight Without Evidence, J. David Singer. * The Third Debate: On the Prospects of International Theory in a Post-Positivist Era, Yosef Lapid. * Speaking the Language of Exile: Dissident Thought in International Studies, Richard K. Ashley and R.B.J. Walker. 5. Challenging the Realist Paradigm. International Relations or World Society? John Burton. Coloring It Morgenthau: New Evidence for an Old Thesis on Quantitative International Politics, John A. Vasquez. Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory, Robert W. Cox. * Conflict Resolution: Problem Solving, Dean G. Pruitt and Jeffrey Z. Rubin. III. FOREIGN POLICY AND GLOBAL CONFLICT. 6. Explanations of Foreign Policy. Another "Great Debate": The National Interest of the United States, Hans J. Morgenthau. "National Security" as an Ambiguous Symbol, Arnold Wolfers. Simulation and "Reality": Validity Research, Harold Guetzkow and Joseph J. Valadez. How Decision-Makers Learn from History, Robert Jervis. Bureaucratic Politics: A Paradigm and Some Policy Implications, Graham T. Allison and Morton H. Halperin. Pre-Theories and Theories of Foreign Policy, James N. Rosenau. 7. Crisis. International Crisis as a Situational Variable, Charles F. Hermann. Perception and Action in the 1914 Crisis, Ole R. Holsti, Robert C. North, and Richard A. Brody. From Conflict Among Nations, Glenn H. Snyder and Paul Diesing. 8. War. Of the Natural Condition of Mankind, as Concerning Their Felicity, and Misery, Thomas Hobbes. Warfare Is Only an Invention - Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead. The Use of Mathematics; Arms Races, Lewis F. Richardson. * Dangerous Dyads: Conditions Affecting the Likelihood of War, 1816-1965, Stuart A. Bremer. * Capabilities, Allocations, and Success in Militarized Disputes and Wars, 1816-1976, Frank W. Wayman, J. David Singer, and Gary Goertz. 9. Imperialism. The Place of Imperialism in History, V.I. Lenin. A Structural Theory of Imperialism, Johan Galtung. From Nations in Conflict, Nazli Choucri and Robert C. North. IV. THE SEARCH FOR PEACE. 10. The Balance of Power. Some Problems of International Systems Research, Morton A. Kaplan. The Power Transition, A.F.K. Organski. From Theory of International Politics, Kenneth N. Waltz. 11. Politico-Military Strategy and Nuclear Deterrence. On the Nature of War, Karl Von Clausewitz. The Three Types of Deterrence, Herman Kahn. The Gap Between Deterrence Theory and Deterrence Policy, Alexander L. George and Richard Smoke. * Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals, Carol Cohn. 12. Global Leadership, World Order, and the World Political Economy. * A New Concept of Powers, Richard Rosecrance. * A Critique of Collective Security, Inis L. Claude, Jr. *From After Hegemony, Robert O. Keohane. The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System: Concepts for Comparative Analysis, Immanuel Wallerstein. 13. The Democratic Security Community. * Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch, Immanuel Kant. *From Political Community and the North Atlantic Area, Karl W. Deutsch et al. * Elective Governments - A Force for Peace, Dean V. Babst. * Normative and Structural Causes of Democratic Peace, 1946-1986, Zeev Maoz and Bruce Russett. 14. International Law and World Government. Prolegomena to The Law of War and Peace, Hugo Grotius. From World Peace Through World Law, Grenville Clark and Louis B. Sohn. World Government, Inis L. Claude, Jr.